He is the subject of both halves of the sentence, but the conjunction “und” (and) doesn’t trigger a dependent clause, so we keep the conjugated form of “gehen”, “geht”. If you want to show for sure that the dependent clause and subsequently the infinitive clause is taking place in the past, you need to use a version of the Perfekt tense. The criminal forgot to remove his fingerprints. The confusion with this conjunction occurs when you want someone to do something. Deutschlerner: Jetzt reicht’s! For example: Er versucht, uns die Grammatik zu erklären. The child forgets to feed the dog.Der Mann entscheidet sich, das Brot nicht zu essen. It must be nice to have so much money. Deutschlerner: AHHHH!!! How are we having fun? Susi actually knows that spiders are harmless. Coordinating Conjunctions in German: und, oder, aber, denn & more! He is learning to bake apple pie.Sie behauptet, meine Schwester zu kennen. It is nice to meet you. Er hat herausgefunden, dass er im Lotto gewonnen hat. Why isn’t it in German? Es ist schön Sie zu treffen. You can also use an infinitive clause as the subject of a sentence, in which case it goes at the beginning of the sentence. You need “zu” in that sentence. Both sentences can now be linked like this: Ich rufe meinen Freund an, um ihm eine Frage zu stellen. Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. Haben Sie Lust, dass wir Ihnen die Stadt zeigen? She claims to have lost her cell phone. He attempts. To form the Perfekt tense, you use a past participle and a helper, either “haben” or “sein”. In German the verb “vorhaben” (to have planned) is one of the verbs that is often accompanied by one of these clauses. It takes a while to get used to the fact that you don’t have a subject in the secondary clause, but once you pick up on which verbs and in what situations you can apply this rule, it is actually quite fun to do. Ich habe das Universum nicht besucht I have often been in Bremen. We can also leave out zu in an infinitive clause when it is the subject. Ich befehle dir, den Hund zu füttern. This makes no sense! Sie sagt sich: „Ich brauche keine Angst zu haben, diese kleine Spinne kann mir nichts tun!“, und versucht weiterzuessen. It was a joy for him to see the children again. Using “anstatt”, “ohne” or “um” to facilitate this clause is not necessary for you to understand why you need “zu” with an infinitive. (I’m scared to take my test.) Es war ihm eine Freude, die Kinder wiederzusehen. Ich will, dass du mich willst. Es war ihm eine Freude gewesen, die Kinder wiederzusehen. ⇒ Ich schlage eine Handlung vor: "gehen" ⇒ zu + infinitive; You could also express it with a dass-clause: „Ich schlage vor, dass wir heute Abend ins Kino gehen.“; We can only use infinitive + zu when the subject in the subordinate clause isn't important or it's obvious from the context. Learning German is not difficult. The phrases that use “zu” plus an infinitive are called infinitive clauses. Herrn Antrim zu mögen ist sehr schwer. German Learner: That’s enough. Grammatical tense in infinitive clauses: In the above examples, the infinitive clauses contain only an indeterminate tense. “I plan to go to the movies this evening.” would be one example of this in English. He is now the author of his own e-book, "Beginner German with Herr Antrim". What is going on? There are a few more weird ways that infinitive clauses are used in German. Susi found the spider hanging in front of her face. Bis zum nächsten Mal. The important thing to remember is that the subject of the first clause usually needs to be the same as the subject of the second clause. I am going to eat now. I always forget to lock my car. 3. There are a few more weird ways that infinitive clauses are used in German. Er soll zu Hause bleiben, um seine Tochter zu sehen. It is important to note that these words actually just facilitate the creation of a dependent clause and are not actually the cause of the infinitive clause. In 2011 he started his successful YouTube Channel "Learn German with Herr Antrim". With Lingolia Plus you can access 8 additional exercises about Infinitive with/without zu, as well as 846 online exercises to improve your German. Sometimes you need “zu”. Now you can clearly see that the subject of the two clauses is the same. Understanding this video is very simple. With Lingolia’s online lesson you can learn when to use the infinitive with zu and when to use the infinitive without zu. In German, the comma matters as it separates the two ideas. In this German grammar lesson I’ll explain when you need to use “zu” with an infinitive and when you don’t. The farmer doesn’t dare run with the bulls. Deutschlerner: Ich sehe heute einen Film, anstatt mein Deutschbuch lesen.German Learner: I am watching a movie today instead of reading my German book. We have to understand the grammar. It is tragic to see this man like this. Do you have a desire for us to show you the city? – The infitive clause is the subject. There are, however, certain times when you can use the object of one clause as the subject of the next or the subject of the dependent clause is simply different than the first clause. In English the action you want the other person to do is contained within an infinitive clause, which includes “to”.