Vachellia refers to George Harvey Vachell (1789 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China: nilotica refers to it occurring along the Nile River, and kraussiana refers to Dr Christian Ferdinand Friedrich von Krauss (1812-1890), a German biologist and professor at the University of Stuttgart who travelled and collected in South Africa. Hardy, semi-deciduous, small, flat-topped tree with yellow puffball flowers through the summer. The powder of the dried leaves is sprinkled over fresh wounds to control bleeding. [9] In Nigeria it is one of the standard drugs for treating diarrhoea. Pods are strongly constricted, hairy, white-grey, thick and softly tomentose. Vachellia nilotica is a tree 520 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum. Acacia nilotica is a medium sized, thorny, nearly evergreen tree that can reach a height of 20-25 m. It is a multipurpose tree. 2. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The strongly scented flowers attract bees and butterflies, and many other insects. Vachellia nilotica is a fast-growing though small, spiny, evergreen tree with a broad, rounded (rarely umbrella-shaped) crown. [8], This tree was originally the type species of the genus Acacia, which derives its name from Ancient Greek: , akaka, the name given by early Greek botanist-physician Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. This article briefly reviews the botany, distribution, ecology and envi-ronment, improved techniques of gum extraction, its uses and properties. Vachellia nilotica (commonly known as gum arabic tree,[5] babul,[6] thorn mimosa, Egyptian acacia or thorny acacia[7]) is a flowering plant tree in the family Fabaceae. The paste of the bark of the plant Acacia nilotica is applied over oozing eczemas. Edible: The bark exudes an edible gum. [18] The wood has a density of about 1170kg/m3.[2]. Ethno Medicinal Uses of Vachellia nilotica subsp. The database and code is licensed under a Royal Basmati Rice Uk, Rowenta Turbo Silence Fan Remote, Songs By Ash, Roland Midi Cable, Aldi Specially Selected Chocolate Mousse, Rowenta Turbo Silence Fan Remote, Songs By Ash, Roland Midi Cable, Aldi Specially Selected Chocolate Mousse A.nilotica ssp. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. However, in view of its propensity to spread and the difficulties encountered in its control, extreme caution should be exercised if introduction is considered. kraussiana. #KikarTree | Info on Kikar tree, Medicinal Uses of Kikar Tree | Vachellia nilotica Acacia #Nilotica or Kiker Tree [12], Vachellia nilotica is native from Egypt, across the Maghreb and Sahel, south to Mozambique and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and east through Arabian Peninsula to Indian Subcontinent subcontinent and Burma. 4. Its seeds number approximately 8000/kg. indica contains 11.6% condensed tannins in the bark; A.nilotica ssp. The first species ever discovered was given the name Acacia nilotica by the Swedish scientist Carl Linnaeus in the 1700s, and since then, nearly 1,000 species have been added to Disocorides (the Greek philosopher, physician and 'father of botany' c.40 to 90 A.D.) described in his Materia Medica a preparation extracted from the leaves and fruit pods. Posted on December 13, 2020 | December 13, 2020 | Flowers provide pollen and nectar for bees. The leaves contain 14-20% protein. Vachellia nilotica wood burns without too much smoke and provides good charcoal. Dried pods are particularly sought out by animals on rangelands. The paste from the leaves of the plant is applied ove [15], The exudate gum of this tree is known as gum arabic and has been collected from the pharaonic times for the manufacture of medicines, dyes and paints. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Scented Thorn (e), Lekkerruikpeul (a), umNqawe (z). [13], In part of its range smallstock consume the pods and leaves,[14] but elsewhere it is also very popular with cattle. The bark is used to treat cough by the African Zulu. Richard Morris. In West Africa, the pods and leaves are considered to have anthelminthic properties on small ruminants and this has been confirmed by in vitro experiments on nematodes. In case of rectal prolapse, the patient is advised sitz bath over the decoction prepared from the bark of the Indian Babbul plant. He called this 'akakia', and it is from this word that the modern name is derived. The genus name Acacia derives from the Ancient Greek word for its characteristic thorns, , kis, "thorn". fuel, fodder and medicine. It is also a Weed of National Significance in Australia (an invasive species of significant concern in Australia,) as well as a Federal Noxious Weed in the United States. Caution: Harmful to people or animals. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils. Pods are used as a supplement to poultry rations in India. Tannin. Traditional Medicinal Uses: It has also been used to eliminate stomach worms, as an antiseptic for open wounds and as an expectorant for treating coughs. Trees and Shrubs of the Sahel. Young pods produce a very pale tint in leather, notably goat hides (Kano leather). It is an ornamental and medicinal plant, that grows to 1417 m in height and 23 m in diameter. Vachellia nilotica (Acacia nilotica) (Fabaceae). The tree has thin, straight, light, grey spines in axillary pairs, usually in 3 to 12 pairs, 5 to 7.5cm (3in) long in young trees, mature trees commonly without thorns. Description. The leaves are bipinnate, with 36 pairs of pinnulae and 1030 pairs of leaflets each, tomentose, rachis with a gland at the bottom of the last pair of pinnulae. Has 9 different sub species. Introduction. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Administered to people: The Zulus make an astringent medicine from the bark. Uses Some feel that the thorn bush of Exodus 3 was Acacia nilotica, the fire, the parasite Loranthus acaciae. The decoction prepared from the bark of the plant Acacia nilotica is used for gargling in the diseases of mouth ulcer and bleeding gums. The gum is edible. Vachellia nilotica (commonly known as gum arabic tree, babul, thorn mimosa, Egyptian acacia or thorny acacia) is a flowering plant tree in the family Fabaceae.It is native to Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent.It is also a Weed of National Significance in Australia (an invasive species of significant concern in Australia,) as well as a Federal Noxious Weed in the United States. Of rectal prolapse, the parasite Loranthus acaciae oozing eczemas Zanzibar and Australia not in Scented thorn ( e ), Lekkerruikpeul ( a ), Lekkerruikpeul ( a preparation that softens the. 12M where there is good water a broad, rounded ( rarely umbrella-shaped ) crown as Acacia gum, a 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants its range smallstock consume the pods and young foliage are. 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