The cayenne pepper is also easy to grow in warm climates and of many uses in the kitchen. And when it comes to flavor, jalapeños are one of the best options for chefs and food lovers—so it’s no wonder gardeners and commercial growers love them. Here’s all you need to know in order to become a pro at growing and harvesting your own jalapeno peppers. In terms of nutrition, the jalapeno is a great source of vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C and K. The fiery pepper is also nutritionally valuable because it’s full of dietary fiber, potassium, copper, manganese, iron, and phosphorus. Thank you for the info I am growing a lot of different peppers we use to can with and we put up about 30 or 40 quarts of salsa each yr with them. During the summer I am doing a bit more shade. Hot peppers grow extremely well in the hot, humid environment of the Gulf Coast. Growing hot peppers in the Northern Central and Rockies region can be a gamble. Many different types of food call for a little extra kick, and though jalapeños are not nearly the hottest pepper in the world, they are plenty hot enough for most spicy food lovers. For best results, hot peppers must be planted indoors 6-8 weeks prior to the last frost for your area. Late cold spells and sudden frosts can damage or kill your plants. Most varieties of hot pepper seeds take about 2 weeks to germinate. Toughen your seedlings up to prepare them for the wind they’ll encounter outdoors by putt them in the way of a fan that will blow them around a bit. After hardening off your plants and the last potential frost has passed, you can move your jalapeno plants outside. Jalapenos need heat to thrive and require a temperature of at least 65 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit in order to germinate. The ubiquitous taste of chipotle is simply that of smoke-dried jalapeño, for example. Try adding a few other hot peppers to your garden so that you will have a variety of options to spice up your meal right out of your garden! Hot peppers should not be left to mature in temperatures that exceed 90° F or they may not set fruit. For best results, start them indoors in July so they may mature in the slightly cooler conditions of the fall. My jalapeños tend to get a brown scab like line on them. Direct sowing hot peppers is only possible in tropical climates, but is not ideal. They should only be grown in a greenhouse in this region. Transplant them outside when they are about 8 weeks old. Make sure to plant your jalapeños in a location that will get a minimum of six hours of direct sunlight per day. Transplant the seedlings outside when the weather is above 60 °F (16 °C). You’ll need to take some care to successfully grow hot peppers in New England but it can be done. HAWAII NORTHERN CENTRAL & ROCKIES Vegetable Planting Calendar Find out when to plant vegetables with the Almanac's planting guide! About an inch of water is needed each week to keep the plants properly hydrated, but make sure there is ample drainage in the pepper garden. Let us know in the comments section below. Start them indoors in February and transplant them outside in April or May. I have deer who come in and eat everything from hot pepper plants to the beans they are equal opportunity eaters lol. Transplant healthy seedlings outside only once daytime temperatures consistently exceed 70° F, usually in May and June. Hot pepper seedlings must be introduced to the outdoors gradually. Fertilize the plants each week during the early stages of development and each month thereafter. Fill containers three quarters of the way with a seed-starting mix, and toss in one to three seeds, then cover the seeds with a small layer of soil. This is the one region where you may be able to direct sow them, in mid summer when soil temperatures are nice and toasty. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Carefully pinch the peppers off the vine at the stem when they are solid-colored and firm, but do it before they change color. In Mexico alone, more than 40,000 acres of land are used solely for the cultivation of jalapenos, which are a staple of the nation’s cuisine. How to Grow Jalapeno Peppers. Be sure to have floating row covers on hand should temperatures suddenly drop at night. We'll tell you the earliest dates to plant vegetables in the spring and the last dates that you can plant for a fall harvest, based on average frost dates for your location.. NEW ENGLAND Why jalapenos? How To Grow Jalapenos In A Bucket. Its nutrient density rating clocks in quite high, at 10.5 on a scale where anything above one rates as a nutrient-rich food.