This biblical event appears in each of the Gospel books as an important moment in the life of Jesus and evidence of his divinity. When the disciples look up, they no longer see Elijah or Moses. the promised land), and it will move, and nothing will be impossible for you.". [20], The transfiguration also echoes the teaching by Jesus (as in Matthew 22:32) that God is not "the God of the dead, but of the living". [19] 2 Peter 1:16–18, echoes the same message: at the Transfiguration God assigns to Jesus a special "honor and glory" and it is the turning point at which God exalts Jesus above all other powers in creation, and positions him as ruler and judge. [14][15], Although Matthew 17 lists the disciple John as being present during the transfiguration, the Gospel of John has no account of it. Jesus’ Transfiguration in the Bible marked a significant phase in Christ’s revelation as the Messiah and the Son of God. [35], The presence of the prophets next to Jesus and the perceptions of the disciples have been subject to theological debate. • Alford, Henry (1863). [24] The feast was present in various forms by the 9th century, and in the Western Church was made a universal feast on August 6 by Pope Callixtus III to commemorate the lifting of the Siege of Belgrade (1456).[47]. [23], The Desert Fathers emphasized the light of the ascetic experience, and related it to the light of the Transfiguration – a theme developed further by Evagrius Ponticus in the 4th century. [23] The iconography of the transfiguration continued to develop in this time period, and there is a sixth-century symbolic representation in the apse of the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe and a well known depiction at Saint Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai in Egypt. This should have encouraged the disciples that no matter what happened in Jerusalem, Jesus … [16][17][18], Christian theology assigns a great deal of significance to the transfiguration, based on multiple elements of the narrative. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5f9b0fb5cd90266d Of the passages that discuss the Transfiguration event, two of them … In some liturgical calendars (e.g. [42] The usual candidate, in this case, is Mount Panium, Paneas, or Banias, a small hill situated at the source of the Jordan, near the foot of which Caesarea Philippi was built. He notes that this happened while Jesus was praying. of transfiguration), 'Move from here to there' (i.e. [3], In these accounts, Jesus and three of his apostles, Peter, James, and John, go to a mountain (the Mount of Transfiguration) to pray. The origins of the feast are less than certain and may have derived from the dedication of three basilicas on Mount Tabor. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. John Lightfoot rejects Tabor as too far but "some mountain near Caesarea-Philippi". Tabor has long been a place of Christian pilgrimage and is the site of the Church of the Transfiguration. Unlike Catholic saints such as Padre Pio or Francis (who considered stigmata a sign of the imitation of Christ) Eastern Orthodox saints have never reported stigmata, but saints such as Seraphim and Silouan have reported being transfigured by an inward light of grace. [8][9] In 2002, Pope John Paul II introduced the Luminous Mysteries in the rosary, which includes the transfiguration. In the same vein, building on 2 Corinthians 3:18, by the end of the 13th century the concept of "transfiguration of the believer" had stabilized and Saint Gregory Palamas considered "true knowledge of God" to be a transfiguration of man by the Spirit of God. "[44], An alternative explanation is to understand the Mount of Transfiguration as symbolic topography in the gospels. [1] The transfiguration narrative acts as a further revelation of the identity of Jesus as the Son of God to some of his disciples. [17] The general explanation is thus the Gospel of John was written thematically, to suit the author's theological purposes, and has a less narrative style than the synoptics. ... Christ's redemptive sacrifice was the purpose for which Elijah had ministered while on earth. Many Christian traditions, including the Eastern Orthodox, Catholic Church, Lutheran and Anglican churches, commemorate the event in the Feast of the Transfiguration, a major festival. In it, Jesus, witnessed by his closest friends, transformed from an unassuming man in regular clothing into a being emanating intense white light who was also talking with two of the main figures of ancient Judaism. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Transfiguration is considered a major feast, numbered among the twelve Great Feasts in the Byzantine rite. [16][17] One explanation (that goes back to Eusebius of Caesarea in the fourth century) is that John wrote his gospel not to overlap with the synoptic gospels, but to supplement it, and hence did not include all of their narrative. Therefore, the transfiguration of Jesus Christ displayed the Shekinah glory of God incarnate in the Son. France (1987) notes that Mount Hermon is closest to Caesarea Philippi, mentioned in the previous chapter of Matthew. the Lutheran and United Methodist) the last Sunday in the Epiphany season is also devoted to this event. This is where the Transfiguration takes place in which his appearance was … [7] The transfiguration is one of the five major milestones in the gospel narrative of the life of Jesus, the others being baptism, crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension. 4:5–6). Once on the mountain, Matthew 17:2 states that Jesus "was transfigured before them; his face shining as the sun, and his garments became white as the light." [34][35], When the transfiguration is considered an anticipation of the Resurrection, the presentation of a shining Jesus on the mount of transfiguration as the Son of God who should be listened to can be understood in the context of the statement by Jesus in the resurrection appearance in Matthew 28:16–20: "all authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth". That event was called the Transfiguration. As Elizabeth Struthers Malbon notes, the mountain is figuratively the meeting place between God and humans,[45] and, therefore, it is the ideal landscape for an epiphany or theophany. [1][2] The Synoptic Gospels (Matthew 17:1–8, Mark 9:2–8, Luke 9:28–36) describe it, and the Second Epistle of Peter also refers to it (2 Peter 1:16–18). The Lord’s glory was revealed not just through miraculous deeds, but in a more personal, tangible way. [16][17][18] This has resulted in debate among scholars, some suggesting doubts about the authorship of the Gospel of John, others providing explanations for it. His face was altered and shone like the sun and his clothes became … [29] An example of such a nuance is the saintly signs of the Imitation of Christ. Luke is also specific in describing Jesus in a state of glory, with Luke 9:32 referring to "they saw His glory". [2][4][5] This miracle is unique among others that appear in the canonical gospels, in that the miracle happens to Jesus himself. Now, as He begins to turn towards Jerusalem and His death, He is transfigured before three disciples on the top of the mountain. The transfiguration is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. In the Synoptic Gospels, (Matthew 17:1–8 Mark 9:2–8, Luke 9:28–36), the account of the transfiguration happens towards the middle of the narrative.