Apart from being strong, pine wood is easily available and cheaper, as compared to some other wood types. It is most commonly used as timber for construction in northeast United States. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. It is mostly used in fuelwood or rough construction. The genus is currently split into two subgenera: subgenus Pinus (hard pines), and subgenus Strobus (soft pines). It’s relatively easy to identify this type of wood because of the frequent presence of … The earliest record of pine logging started from the 18th century when pine trees were chopped down and transported to mills by horses and the rushing torrents of rivers. Humans have been using pine wood for various purposes, since time immemorial. However, it is also used to make furniture, composite boards, pallets, boxes and plywood. Soft pine trees comprise of white pines, while hard pine trees consist of yellow pines, red pines and pinyon pines (which is seldom harvested). A pine is any conifer shrub or tree species from the Pinus genus of plants—a group that includes more than 120 species worldwide. Red pine is also called Norway pine, which is quite puzzling, since the species is not native to Norway. It also has a somewhat oily feel. This wood is said to be soft with a uniform texture. It has several other minor species as well. It is said to be the strongest type of pine wood with a high load bearing capability. Sugar pine is also classified as white pine, as it has almost all the features of the latter. This wood is said to be strong, and is easy to work with. Deal pine is another pine wood type, which is popular for its dark-colored knots that dot the grains. Blue pine wood is also strong with a good load bearing capacity. Their number has since dwindled because of logging, but they remain as one of the most abundant trees in North America. Tree Size: 100-150 ft (30-46 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Native to: Western United States and Canada, Tree Size: 100-165 ft tall, 2-4 ft trunk diameter. For example, the heat output of White Pine … Humans have been benefitting from pine wood for centuries. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers. Oils, stains and clear finishes are used in pine moldings, giving the fixtures and furniture a rustic look, especially when cabinetry units are made. Lodgepole wood is used for plywood, veneer, subflooring, sheathing, cabinetry, interior trim, poles and construction lumber. Pine tree, also known as conifera, has recently become very popular as an ornament tree. Each of the subgenera have been further divided into sections based on chloroplast DNA sequencing and whole plastid genomic analysis. The heartwood of this tree is light red-yellow brown and the sapwood is yellowish white. So, this wood is preferred as a flooring material, and is also used for boat building. Deal pine wood is usually used for interior house trim, wooden doors, and paneling. This type of pine has at least three subspecies that vary from short stubby trees to tall and slender trees. Yellow pines or Southern yellow pines are natives to the Southeast parts of the United States. Its planks are very smooth with almost no defects. They include yellow pine, white pine, blue pine, and deal pine. Super Affordable Mother’s Day Gifts For Your Special Mom, Essential Bathroom Cleaning Hacks To Make Your Life Easier, The Most Impractical Design Styles According To Designers, The affordable decor items that can completely change your space. Pine that is not pressure-treated should not be used for building decks at home. We hope you enjoy this website. The original number of pines in North America has dwindled to a fraction of their population because of deforestation. Their heartwood is reddish brown and their sapwood is yellowish white. Another type of pine wood is clear pine wood, which has a white to creamy color, that may change to dark orange with age. Shortleaf pine is used for lumber production. Tree Size: 65-100 ft, 2-4 ft trunk diameter. However, it can be prone to shrinkage; and sometimes, decay too. Their two main species, Lodgepole pine and Ponderosa pine, are so similar, they are marketed interchangeably. There are several types of pine trees and each is different from one another. This pine is often found as tall, straight trees with minimum knots. These are evergreen conifers, woody plants that bear seed cones and which have bundles of needles rather than the broad leaves commonly found on deciduous trees. Some builders use pressure-treated pine for all types of framing, because of its moisture-resistant quality and use composites for deck board. Pressure-treated pine is one of the most affordable options for deck building. Being soft, pine wood is also ideal for carving. Tree Size: 65-100 ft tall, 1-2 ft trunk diameter; size varies widely depending upon subspecies. It is used for timber and ship building. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Tree Size: 100-115 ft tall, 1.5-5 ft trunk diameter. Pine trees have a flexible wood which is durable and comes in a wide range of colors. This valuable wood is used in fine millwork, including exterior and interior trim work, such as frames, moldings and sashes as well as making musical instruments like piano keys. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Red Pine has a light reddish brown heartwood and pale yellow to nearly white sapwood. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Ponderosa pine also have similar, though less prominent, dimpling than lodgepole pine. When sawn, sugar pine wood shows brown streaks from the resin canals in tree trunk. As the name implies, these pine trees have yellowish wood. The longleaf pine is prized because of its clear and straight wood, with few defects. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. Eastern white pine has a finer texture and smaller resins than the Western white pine and sugar pine. Fortunately, these trees grow quickly, with some fast-growing varieties growing two feet or more each year. Pine wood is also an important source of pulp to make paper. Woodgrain: Each tree has its own grain pattern, so two boards of the same species can look very different. Native to: The Sierra Nevada, the Cascade Range, the Coast Range and the northern Rocky Mountains. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Native to North America, white pine trees are also known as northern white pine, soft pine, and eastern white pine. So, it is important to understand the specific type, before you choose one. The timber yielded from the slash pine is used in heavy construction, like beams, poles, bridges and railroad ties. However, staining can be a little bit difficult in this wood, due to the blue shade. There are around 120 pine tree species. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Accordingly, the wood of Ponderosa Pine usually furnishes wider, more knot-free wood, and has broader arcs in the growth rings when compared to Lodgepole Pine. Pine trees can have a life of 100 years to thousands of years. Its sapwood is very pale yellow to almost white. It is also used as a source of plywood, wood pulp and veneers. The grain of this wood is straight and even with a medium texture, not too fine but not too coarse either. In fact, one Great Basin bristlecone pine is 5,068 years old. Out of the four prominent species, sugar pine has the coarsest texture and largest resin canals. Pine wood is also marketed as paint-grade because it takes tints well and comes in affordable prices. A pine is any conifer shrub or tree species from the Pinus genus of plants—a group that includes more than 120 species worldwide. Southern yellow pines are the embodiment of perfect hard pine trees. This is due to the strength and durability of this wood, which is versatile too. If you are looking for a good fencing, there are different types of pine wood fencing that vary in size, pattern, and style. In this article, you will learn about the various types of pine trees. The mountain pine tree beetles that carry fungi on their body, bore through the tree trunks. Though it is lightweight, white pine wood is strong and durable; and is not prone to warping, swelling, shrinking, checking, or splitting. Pine flooring comes in tongue and grove planking. Older classifications split the genus into three subgenera – subgenus Pinus, subgenus Strobus, and subgenus Ducampopinus (pinyon, bristleconeand lacebark pines) – based on cone, seed a… 3. Out of the four prominent species, sugar pine has the coarsest texture and largest resin canals. The above said are the four basic types of pine wood; but, each type has different varieties with different local names.