It’s important to note that not all tsetse flies carry sleeping sickness. In 2016, the WHO received 2,184 reports of sleeping sickness cases; T. b. gambiense accounted for 98% of them. Tsetse fly. What causes African sleeping sickness? Tsetse They are named for the areas of Africa where they are found. It is passed on by the bite of the infected tsetse fly. The people most exposed to the tsetse fly and to the disease live in rural areas and depend on agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry or hunting. Tsetse flies inhabit rural, vegetated areas. Flies bite during the day, and <1% are infected. How is sleeping sickness spread? Human African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is a vector-borne parasitic disease. The infection carried by Tsetse fly spreads through the blood after the fly bites are encountered. African sleeping sickness is caused by an infected tsetse flies (big brown fly) that is a host to the parasite itself. Tsetse flies include all the species in the genus Glossina, which are placed in their own family, Glossinidae. The tsetse fly can bite through thin fabrics, so clothing should be made of thick material. Tsetse ( SEET-see, US: TSEET-see or UK: TSET-sə), sometimes spelled tzetze and also known as tik-tik flies, are large biting flies that inhabit much of tropical Africa. African sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) is a disease caused by a parasite. The tsetse fly is the biological vector of sleeping sickness, which can be deadly. The tsetse fly is the host for the parasite, which is transmitted by biting. The tsetse fly is attracted to bright colors and very dark colors. Tsetse fly, (genus Glossina), any of about two to three dozen species of bloodsucking flies in the housefly family, Muscidae (order Diptera), that occur only in Africa and transmit sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) in humans and a similar disease called nagana in domestic animals. Sleeping sickness is only found in 36 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, in areas where health systems are often weak. Unlike the houseflies you’re familiar with, the sleeping sickness insect is an ectoparasitic bug that feeds on blood, and it's not picky about what kind of blood. The tsetse are obligate parasites that live by feeding on the blood of vertebrate animals. This causative agent is carried by Tsetse flies that causes the most severe form of illness. Many cases, however, are likely not recognized or reported. The fly pierces the skin tissue when it bites and the parasite enters the lymphatic system and later passes into the bloodstream from there. Wear khaki or olive colored clothing. New ...[+] research shows how tsetse attractants … There are 2 types of the disease. It is caused by infection with protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Trypanosoma.They are transmitted to humans by tsetse fly (Glossina genus) bites which have acquired their infection from human beings or from animals harbouring human pathogenic parasites. The tsetse fly is a member of the housefly family that’s only found in rural Africa. Sleeping sickness is caused due to parasitic causative agent called Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Fever, severe headaches, irritability, extreme fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and aching muscles and joints are common symptoms of sleeping sickness. A bite by the tsetse fly is often painful and can develop into a red sore, also called a chancre.