In the EU, the lowest rate of full-time employment can be observed in the Netherlands, for both male (59 %) and female (28 %) workers, but this Member State also has the lowest overall average rate across the EU for both men and women. Logically, the countries with a short tourist season also have the highest seasonal variation in tourist nights. Under-35s make up more than half of the employees in the tourist accommodation sector in Slovakia (58 %), the Netherlands (56 %), Sweden (56 %) and Norway (56 %). The statistics on the size and value of this employment sector can be found in this section. More than one third of tourism accommodation employees have a lower level of education. In Czechia as well as in Iceland, the proportion of part-time workers in tourism is at least twice as high as it is in the economy as a whole. In the economy, on average, women account for only 37 % of full-time employment. The only countries where there seems to be no noticeable difference are Portugal (71 %), Cyprus (24 %) and Hungary (14 %). In the case of Poland, however, this is not exceptional as this Member State also has the lowest proportion of permanent jobs in the economy as a whole (72 %). Download (6Mb) Related links. However, in these three countries, the number of nights spent by tourists is two to three times higher in the peak season than in the low season. These findings are in agreement with the statistics on information and communication technology use in enterprises (see Figure 5). About our visitors . Enterprise Statistics. As shown above, Greece tends to have a highly seasonal tourism industry. However, this analysis of employment in tourism is based on data from other areas of official statistics, in particular structural business statistics (SBS), the labour force survey (LFS), the structure of earnings survey (SES) and the labour cost survey (LCS). However, considering the job duration and the average stay with the same employer, the sector appears to offer less stable jobs than the rest of the labour market. Two of the three regions where this does not hold true, the Canary Islands and Madeira, are island regions relatively remote from the mainland (and the mainland’s economy). Figure 6 shows that, with 13 % of workers aged 15 to 24 compared with 9% for services or for the non-financial business economy, the tourism industries have a particularly young labour force, as these industries can make it easy to enter the job market. In general, the data separation into economic activities, which is used in official statistics, does not single out the whole tourism sector. Published 21 February 2013 From: In absolute terms, Germany had the highest employment in the tourism industries (2.5 million people), followed by the United Kingdom (2.3 million), Italy (1.5 million), Spain (1.4 million) and France (1.1 million). Annual estimates for employment data are calculated by taking the. Table 4 lists the regions with a tourism intensity over 20 (tourism nights per local inhabitant). Tourism is a Top 3 employer in 32 states. In the economy, the average hourly labour cost was €26.0 in 2016 and average hourly earnings were €15.2 in 2014. This page was last modified on 27 March 2020, at 15:01. Tourist activity can have a negative impact on the quality of life of the local population in popular tourist areas. The tourism industry is strongly affected by seasonal influences, leading to – on average across the EU – 10 % more employment in the summer season than at other times. the number of nights in collective tourist accommodation divided by the number of inhabitants. Comparing the accommodation subsector with the economy as a whole, both hourly average labour costs and earnings were lower for those employed in accommodation, and this was true across the EU (see Figure 16). Published 21 February 2013 From: Birth rate of enterprises. To overcome this measurement problem, together with international organisations active in the field of tourism statistics (the UNWTO, UNSD and OECD), the EU has been fostering development of a framework that will allow accurate measurement of the tourism industry and comparison with other economic sectors. The data in the previous sections has revealed that tourist accommodation in particular employs two socio-demographic groups: young people and females. (¹) Total tourism industries: NACE classes: H491, H4932, H4939, H501, H503, H511, I551, I552, I553, I561, I563, N771, N7721 and division N79. Countries with a high share of part-time employment in short-stay accommodation include the Netherlands and Denmark (44 %), Norway (38 %), Germany (32 %) and Sweden (30 %). Tourism employment statistics This series brings together all documents relating to Tourism employment statistics. Women occupy 56 % of full-time jobs in the accommodation sector. In the economy on average, three out of four employees (75 %) have worked with the same employer for two years or more, while in tourism this is the case for less than two out of three people employed (65 %). It can be seen that slightly less than 20 % of people employed work on a part-time basis in both the entire tourist accommodation sector and the labour market, as a whole, 19 % and 18 % respectively. Two of the most significant exceptions to this finding are the Greek islands, Zakynthos (Zante) and Kerkyra (Corfu), both part of the Ionian Islands (see also Table 10). Tourism employment statistics This series brings together all documents relating to Tourism employment statistics. In the whole economy, seasonal fluctuation is relatively limited – but this robust aggregate can, of course, hide strong seasonal variations in certain economic sectors. Both sectors have a much younger age profile than the rest of the EU labour market, where only about one in three employees is under 35 (see Figure 3). In the selected tourism industries, 23 % of people work in micro-enterprises that employ fewer than 10 people, which is significantly lower than the 29 % observed for the total non-financial business economy (see Figure 2). Not surprisingly, these are also the top three Member States in terms of tourism intensity, i.e. It is only in the Czech Republic that part-time work tends to be slightly more common in tourist accommodation (8 %) than in the entire horeca sector (7 %). Tourism has the potential to contribute towards employment and economic growth, as well as to development in rural, peripheral or less-developed areas.