[15] In Europe, there are espaliered trees owing to the ability to survive heavy pruning. Sa couronne est initialement conique élancée et compacte. Prune for use as hedge or screen. Couronne compacte cônique. Topiary beehive cylinder block column cone. [25] Often cattle graze upon them. Paleobotanical analysis of tree pollen preserved in peat deposits demonstrates that T. cordata was present as a woodland tree in the southern Lake District c 3100 B.C. Le Tilia cordata Greenspire, sélection américaine issue du Tilleul à petites feuilles, est un arbre d'ombrage au développement modéré, de croissance rapide, moins exigeant que l'espèce type et mieux adapté à nos jardins de taille moyenne. Tilia cordata (small-leaved lime, occasionally little-leaf or littleleaf linden or small-leaved linden or traditionally in English, the pry) is a species of Tilia native to much of Europe. In the south of its range it is restricted to high elevations. Prefers moist, fertile, well-drained loams, but adapts to a wide range of soil conditions. Tilia cordata is widely grown as an ornamental tree. Fragrant, creamy yellow flowers in drooping cymes appear in June. It has gained the, This page was last edited on 8 October 2020, at 20:15. Floral bracts 4–9 × 0.8–1.7 cm, glabrous; stalk 0.6–2.4 cm long. It is also widely cultivated in North America as a substitute for the native Tilia americana (American linden or basswood) which has a larger leaf, coarser in texture; there it has been renamed "Little-leaf Linden". [5] The small yellow-green hermaphrodite flowers are produced in clusters of five to eleven in early summer with a leafy yellow-green subtending bract, have a rich, heavy scent; the trees are much visited by bees to the erect flowers which are held above the bract; this flower arrangement is distinctly different from that of the Common Lime Tilia × europaea where the flowers are held beneath the bract. 'June Bride' – significantly pyramidal habit, evenly spaced branches around a very straight central leader, glossier leaves, and 3 to 4 times as many flowers. synonym Tilia cordata 'Erecta' Tilia cordata 'Select' Download PDF. Tilia cordata is an easy tree to train for bonsai when the training is not done all at once. Tilia cordata ‘Erecta’ T. cordata ‘Böhlje’; T. cordata ‘Select’ Medium-size tree, 15-18 m tall, 5-10 (12) m wide; initially wide columnar, after 10 years gradually ovoid, then increasingly wide-ovoid; branches and twigs stiffly or diagonally rising, not overhanging; overall small and more slender than the species; medium to strong-growing, 30-40 cm a year. Le tronc est brun foncé et cannelé. [13], The tree is fairly disease-resistant, though a common problem is leaf scorch where planted on dry soils, however leaf scorch is not a long-term problem as the leaves are lost in the autumn. [14] It does not do well in soils with high salinity. [5] The leaves are alternately arranged, rounded to triangular-ovate, 3–8 cm long and broad, mostly hairless (unlike the related Tilia platyphyllos) except for small tufts of brown hair in the leaf vein axils – the leaves are distinctively heart-shaped. Maximum values for Tilia from all pollen diagrams available for the north of England show a conspicuous concentration of high values in the southern Lake District. Hauteur: 12 - 18 m. Largeur: jusqu'à 12 m. L'écorce … In the south of its range it is restricted to high elevations. It has been widely planted in the U.S. as an ornamental shade tree because of its (a) attractive foliage, (b) dense, low-branched, pyramidal to ovate form and (c) tolerance for urban conditions. Good tolerance for urban conditions. Tilia cordata survives best in a soil pH range of 5.0 to 8.0. Inflorescence erect and held above the foliage, usually with 5–8 flowers but occasionally with up to 30. The young leaves can be eaten as a salad vegetable. Description. When a tree is in full bloom, bees often visit in such abundant numbers that humming can be heard many feet from the tree. [24] It is also commonly used for lightweight projects such as carved spoons, light furniture, bee hives and honeycomb frames.[26]. Tilia cordata 'Erecta' CORDATA. [24], A monofloral honey is produced by bees using the trees and is widely used all over Europe. In the US, Tilia cordata has been planted in Wellesley, MA; Modesto, CA; Chicago, IL; Indianapolis, IN; and Atlanta, GA as street trees. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. [20], In the countries of Central, Southern and Western Europe, linden flowers are a traditional herbal remedy made into an herbal tea called Tilleul (linden flower tea). [8] Owing to its rarity, a number of woods have been given SSSI status. The buds are alternate, pointed egg shaped and have red scales. [17] and in USDA Hardiness Zones 3–7. Branches courtement courbées, très érigées formant une couronne régulière, compacte étroitement à largement ovoïde. It is a place of cultural events, and every June a national meeting of Slovene politicians takes place under it. For a shorter period Tilia exceeds Quercus and reaches a maximum of 30%. The crown is rounded in a formal oval shape to pyramidal. Synonymes Tilia cordata ‘ Erecta’, Tilia cordata ‘Select’ Cultivar du T. cordata découvert sous la forme d'une plante de semis dont la couronne est initialement conique élancée et compacte. It is popular as both a shade tree with its dense canopy, an ornamental tree with its architectural shape and a street tree. At several sites among the limestone hills on both sides of the estuary of the River Kent, the curves for Tilia, although beginning about 4800 to 4000 B.C. Branching is upright and increases in density with age. 'Bohlje' _ 'Bohlje' is an upright, narrowly conical, deciduous tree, broader with age, with green to reddish-brown winter stems and … Bien que l’hybride Tillia x europea, Tilia cordata x Tilia phatyphyllos, soit le plus couramment cultivé, c’est Tilia cordata qui est l’espèce indigène, répartie dans toute l’Europe sauf dans les régions trop sèches. Types of planting. [10] Small-leaved lime was once regarded as holy and good for carving. [12] In spite of the late migration of T. cordata into the Lake District, pollen diagrams from many sites show rapid expansion so that, within a few centuries, it had become plentiful and even locally dominant in the southern valleys. Modern mature woodland trees were estimated to have germinated between 1150 and 1300 AD, making them around 800 years old. [11], Trees in northern England were found to have established when the climate was warmer and have adapted to the cooling climate. Sélection à croissance moyenne atteignant 15-20 m de haut et 8-10 (-12) m de large. Pépinières Böhlje, Allemagne. The fruit is a dry nut-like drupe 6–7 mm long by 4 mm broad containing one, or sometimes two, brown seeds (infertile fruits are globose), downy at first becoming smooth at maturity, and (unlike T. platyphyllos and also T. × europaea) not ribbed but very thin and easily cracked open. Powdery mildew, leaf spots and canker may occur. Flowers give way to nutlets that are attached to narrow bract-like wings (top 3.5” long). Le Tilia cordata Erecta pousse presque partout. Spider mites can be troublesome, particularly in hot, dry periods. [2][6], The trees favour good, loamy sites, but can also be found on sandy, infertile soils, and are not thought to be drought resistant. Tilia cordata Tilia cordata "Erecta" Tilia cordata Tilia "Greenspire" tilia Tilia, Tilleul, Lime, Linden (Tiliaceae) cordata (T. parvifolia), Tilleul à petites feuilles, Small-leaved Lime Origine: Europe. Elle s'élargit pas la suite. Use. Tilia cordata, le tilleul à petites feuilles est une espèce d’arbre de grand développement, appartenant à la famille des Tiliacées.