Thank you. Culture becomes a commodity that provides pleasure-giving entertainment to the repressed masses that are allowed to express their regressive and childlike impulses and instincts through emotional music and exciting films. In Germany, the culture industry, especially under the Nazis, led the citizens into regressive pleasures and towards a narcissistic worship of the “Leader,” Adolf Hitler. First, movies are not all identical, and they’re not all predictable. I have said before that popular culture is not so hot. According to Martin Jay’s The Dialectical Imagination, the book by Horkheimer and Adorno became an underground must-read that fueled anti-bourgeois students in the sixties. The perspective of Dialectic of Enlightenment was also impacted by the role that mass entertainment played in the Weimar Republic and in the rise of the Nazis. The book was originally published by a Dutch publishing firm and was reissued in 1970, a year after Adorno’s death. The perspective of Dialectic of Enlightenment was also impacted by the role that mass entertainment played in the Weimar Republic and in the rise of the Nazis. The perspective of Dialectic of Enlightenment was also impacted by the role that mass entertainment played in the Weimar Republic and in the rise of the Nazis. In order to make this profit, the culture proffered to the public had to appeal to the greatest number. That’s why every single one of them is entirely predictable: “as soon as the film begins, it is quite clear how it will end, and who will be rewarded, punished, or forgotten.” Movies are just a device for the studios to make money and for the state to get its propaganda out; they are not an art but just a business. The question is who is in control? The individual is dissolved into abstract relations between, not people, but things. Unlike his friend Walter Benjamin, Adorno could not envision any possibility that technology could be used to either arouse or liberate the masses. Popular culture emerged from the lower classes, from the folk, from the middle classes, but these distinctions were lost under the homogenizing impact of the industry, which needed to level out differences to sell to the greatest number of buyers. Dr. Jeanne S. M. Willette and Art History Unstuffed. Benjamin’s writings deeply affected the thinking of Adorno who, in many ways, carried on his earlier work on popular culture. Philosophy Talk Live at The Marsh SF this Sunday, The terror of death, and how to overcome it. Adorno’s macro view of a totalitarian Culture Industry has been replace by the reality of many micro “cultures,” whether as cable television stations, newspapers with a certain slant, or Internet outlets on the Web. Subscribe to receive new ideas, inspiration, news, and event information each month! From Star Trek and the Grateful Dead to South Park and Stephen Colbert, philosophical questions are everywhere in popular culture: Is time travel possible? The Place of Scepticism and Sceptical Arguments, Philosophy Talk and the Paradoxical Facebook Contest, Separation of Powers and the Charismatic Presidency, Political Correctness and the Speech Fashion War. Unlike his friend Walter Benjamin, Adorno could not envision any possibility that technology could be used to either arouse or liberate the masses. Adorno never fully recovered psychology from the shock of being exposed the Counter Culture and he died in 1969. If people want to know what Adorno and Horkheimer were up to and why the theories of the Frankfurt School are more relevant than ever, there are many articles and books they can read, including the work of Susan Buck-Morss and Stuart Jeffries' The Hotel Grand Abyss or Martin Jay's The Dialogical Imagination.