The contradictions that Galbraith noted mark the decade of the 1950s. John Kenneth Galbraith's international bestseller The Affluent Society is a witty, graceful and devastating attack on some of our most cherished economic myths. Central to the improvement has been a greater security in economic life and in its pecuniary return. As relevant today as when it was first published over forty years ago, this newly updated edition of Galbraith's classic text on the 'economics of abundance', lays bare the hazards of individual and social complacen The poor easily grasp their own problems, but the rich don’t comprehend the lot of the poor. While economists and scholars continue to debate the merits of Galbraith’s warnings and predictions, his analysis was so insightful that the title of his book has come to serve as a ready label for postwar American society. Demobilization also took place. The Affluent Society (1958), John Kenneth Galbraith's most broadly influential book, stands out among works of economic analysis for its accessible writing style, which makes complex economic concepts and arguments understandable to the popular reader. There was an increase in the production of cars and construction of highways. (Cliffs Notes) Reference Anonymous.  He believes hunter-gatherers were able to achieve much for their own societies, and able to satisfy their own material needs. This theory was first stated by Marshall Sahlins at a symposium entitled "Man the Hunter" in 1966. “The Affluent Society,” he said, was anything but. The "original affluent society" is a theory which states hunter-gatherers were the original affluent society. In a poor society, the central importance of raising production to the wellbeing of the society might excuse ill-treatment of those who are voluntarily idle; perhaps, even, those who cannot work or are particularly inefficient. This has been enhanced by the corporate managerial structure, the growth of the professions, employment in the arts and entertainment, social security, medical insurance, and much else. "The Affluent Society." The New Opportunities of “the Affluent Society” Galbraith believes that wealth is the enemy of understanding. 6 July 2011. It is with a durably improved condition that The Affluent Society is primarily concerned. Throughout history, most nations suffered poverty. In the affluent society, the rationale for the 'just suffering' of those who are not economically productive is gone. Yet when you come to examine it the original affluent society was none other than the hunter's - in which all the people's material wants were easily satisfied. The Original Affluent Society Marshall Sahlins Hunter-gatherers consume less energy per capita per year than any other group of human beings. CliffsNotes.