Western Bluebirds, as their name implies, inhabit the western United States, with their range extending down into Mexico. The individual that I’d photographed is a female. 4-6, sometimes 3-8. Perches or flutters among branches to take berries. When it comes to droughts, the costs of climate change are too high for both birds and people. Both parents bring food to nestlings. Age of young at first flight is not well known, probably between 2 and 3 weeks. Bald Eagle. Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. It’s the least you can do. Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. Text © Kenn Kaufman, adapted from The western bluebird has been displased from its natural habitat by the felling of trees; however it has adapted to coniferous forests, farmlands, semi-open terrain, and desert to survive. Probably 2 broods per year. National Audubon Society Male may also feed female. Winter range varies from year to year depending on food supplies. Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. Bluebirds in mountainous areas may simply move down the slope to warmer elevations for winter. Sialia mexicana. Often forages by perching fairly low and flying down to ground to capture insects, sometimes hovering briefly before pouncing. Bluebirds in mountainous areas may simply move down the slope to warmer elevations for winter. The summer breeding range extends as far north as the Pacific Northwest, British Columbia, and Montana. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device. Northern birds can migrateto the southern parts o… In winter, small flocks of Western Bluebirds are often heard flying overhead or seen feeding on berries in trees. Explore Birds of the World to learn more. Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. Incubation is by female, incubation period not well known. Unlike many songbirds, Western Bluebirds often migrate during the day. Are the Trump Administration's Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last? In winter, small flocks of Western Bluebirds are often heard flying overhead or seen feeding on berries in trees. In summer it is often seen perching alone on fence wires by open meadows, fluttering down to pluck insects from the grass. Young: Both parents bring food to nestlings. Mostly insects and berries. Some Western Bluebirds even as far north as British Columbia, Canada, stay there year-round. Nest site is in cavity, such as natural hollow in oak or pine, old woodpecker hole, birdhouse, sometimes hole in building. Others across the interior West depart their breeding grounds, and wintering birds begin to be seen in Arizona, west Texas, and northern Mexico by October and November. Lives of North American Birds. There are entire years when I do not encounter a bluebird. Scientists and birders have found large numbers of migratory species disoriented and dead in recent weeks. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. Photo: Nathan Gowan/Audubon Photography Awards. Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. May catch insects in mid-air, or may seek them among foliage. In courtship, male may flutter in front of female with wings and tail partly spread, while singing. Nest in cavity is probably built mostly by female, but male may take part. Western Bluebirds, by contrast, show up sporadically. A labeling program could help scientists and grape growers make vineyards better for wildlife, but for now it's sitting on the shelf. Breeds in semi-open areas including pine woods, oak woods, streamside groves, ranch country, sometimes in pinyon-juniper woods, but avoiding hot dry regions. Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana Range map Data provided by eBird. Photo: Dick Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards, Adult male. Winters in many kinds of open or semi-open habitats, especially in pinyon-juniper, also in desert, farmland, others. The males have brighter plumage. Speak out against the Yazoo Backwater Pumps which would drain 200,000 acres of crucial bird habitat. Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too. Berries and small fruits are important in diet especially in winter; among those eaten are fruits of mistletoe, juniper, and elderberry. Learn more about these drawings. Thrushes and Allies(Order: Passeriformes, Family:Turdidae). The year-round range includes California, the southern Rocky Mountains, Arizona, and New Mexico in the United States, and as far south as the states of Oaxaca and Veracruz in Mexico. Pale blue, unmarked; occasionally white. Sometimes, as when juniper woods have heavy berry crops, the bluebirds may gather by the hundreds. Here’s what we know so far. In partly open terrain of the west, from valley farms and orchards to clearings in mountain pine forest, this bluebird is often common. Resident to medium-distance migrant. In recent decades, numbers have declined over much of range. Range. Probably 2 broods per year. Provision of birdhouses probably has not kept pace with loss of natural nest sites. In partly open terrain of the west, from valley farms and orchards to clearings in mountain pine forest, this bluebird is often common. Usually nests fairly low, rarely up to 50' above the ground. In summer it is often seen perching alone on fence wires by open meadows, fluttering down to pluck insects from the grass. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. Audubon’s scientists have used 140 million bird observations and sophisticated climate models to project how climate change will affect this bird’s range in the future. 44 Perfect Gifts for the Bird and Nature Lovers in Your Life, How the Evening Grosbeak Got Its Misleading Name. Others across the interior West depart their breeding grounds, and wintering birds begin to be seen in Arizona, west Texas, and northern Mexico by October and November. Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. Zoom in to see how this species’s current range will shift, expand, and contract under increased global temperatures. Western Bluebird. We protect birds and the places they need. Can This Critically Endangered Bird Survive Australia's New Climate Reality? Nest is a rather loose cup of twigs and weeds, lined with finer grass. The Southwest Is Facing an ‘Unprecedented’ Migratory Bird Die-Off. Scattered trees, open conifer forests, farms; in winter, semi-open terrain, brush, deserts. 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