Philosophical arguments and justifications are another important part of the philosophical method. It is about questioning assumptions, digging for deeper understanding. Philosophical method (or philosophical methodology) is the study of how to do philosophy. The major questions philosophers ask about reality, knowledge and goodness provide wonderful opportunities to increase students’ engagement and self-image in the classroom. The initial impulse to philosophize may arise from suspicion, for example, that we do not fully understand, and have not fully justified, even our most basic beliefs about the world. Sometimes a philosophical theory by itself can be stated quite briefly. Doing philosophy is different from this. Some common features of the methods that philosophers follow (and discuss when discussing philosophical method) include: Methodic doubt - a systematic process of being skeptical about (or doubting) the truth of one's beliefs. Evaluate positions Identify positions on the question CONCEPT The Philosophical Approach to Inquiry 13 Which of the following is a philosophical question? Systematic philosophy attempts to provide a framework in reason that can explain all questions and problems related to human life. A relatively small number of major philosophers prefer not to be quick, but to spend more time trying to get extremely clear on what the problem is all about. If one is willing to be satisfied without any good supporting reasons, then a Western philosophical approach may not be what one actually requires. A good argument — a clear, organized, and sound statement of reasons — may ultimately cure the original doubts that motivated us to take up philosophy. All the supporting philosophical text is offered by way of hedging, explanation, and argument. Others are able to think of criticisms from another perspective. Often, people fail to understand what it is they believe, and fail to understand the reasons they believe in what they do. Dialectic (in one sense of this history-laden word) is simply philosophical conversation amongst people who do not always agree with each other about everything. Not all proposed solutions to philosophical problems consist of definitions or generalizations. The major questions philosophers ask about reality, knowledge and goodness provide wonderful opportunities to increase students’ engagement and self-image in the classroom. This exchange and resulting revision of views is called dialectic. Philosophical Inquiry transforms community into a community of inquiry when (1) practices and institutions are questioned and evaluated, (2) social collaboration and cooperation are enriched, (3) community becomes reasonable to the ideas of the members, (4) questions the basic structure, challenges authority and tradition, through appeal to reason, facts, and evidence, and (5) triggers its … Step 2: Philosophical Inquiry and Writing to Learn. Once students are familiar with a sampling of these questions, they can be given the freedom to imagine questions of their own. Academically, the students developed their abilities to construct philosophical questions, gather relevant information for an inquiry from a variety of sources, analyze data, construct a well−reasoned thesis, write, reflect, and participate in a philosophical community of inquiry. For example, about God, themselves, the natural world, human society, morality and human productions. This, therefore, indicates that philosophy is a quest for arguments. One can do this sort of harsh criticism on one's own, but others can help greatly, if important assumptions are shared with the person offering the criticisms. A lack of these things shows a lack of understanding, and some dislike not having this understanding. Sometimes, what is called for, is a certain sort of explanation — not a causal explanation, but an explanation for example of how two different views, which seem to be contrary to one another, can be held at the same time, consistently. They constantly demand and offer arguments for different claims they make. It is rare to find a philosopher, particularly in the Western philosophical tradition, who lacks many arguments. To see the rest of the philosophical inquiry write-to-learns, please download the following document: Once students have written to learn and inquire to deepen their philosophical literacy, the class is ready for Step 3, Introducing Philosophy in the English Classroom. One might think of arguments as bundles of reasons — often not just a list, but logically interconnected statements — followed by the claim they are reasons for. You might ask students "What is the most important question to ask? In many ways, any attempts to formulate a philosophical method that provides the ultimate constituents of reality, a metaphysics, can be considered systematic philosophy. Doing philosophy is about the journey, the process, as much as it is about the destination, the conclusion. (see the. How many people live in poverty in the world? There are many other things about this universe about which people are also fundamentally ignorant. A common view among philosophers is that philosophy is distinguished by the ways that philosophers follow in addressing philosophical questions. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Different assumptions would lead to different ways of living. For example: One might also consider some of the many questions about justification. When was the first World Series played? Some philosophers and ordinary people dive right in and start trying to solve the problem. Its method differs from other disciplines, in which the experts can agree about most of the fundamentals. In modern philosophy the reaction to systematic philosophy began with Kierkegaard and continued in various forms through analytic philosophy, existentialism, hermeneutics, and deconstructionism. Human lives are deeply informed with many basic assumptions. The reasons are the premises, the claim they support is the conclusion; together they make an argument. There is not just one method that philosophers use to answer philosophical questions. An argument is a set of statements, one of which (the conclusion), it is said or implied, follows from the others (the premises). The working assumption is that the more clearly the question or problem is stated, the easier it is to identify critical issues. One can call this a philosophical explanation. Can one sport be objectively better than another? Philosophers are in the business of investigating all sorts of those areas of ignorance. Why?" Philosophic Inquiry The nature and functions of philosophy, like those of any other enter prise, are determined by its subject-maner and its conditioning circum-stances. People often find themselves believing things that they do not understand. Method in philosophy is in some sense rooted in motivation, only by understanding why people take up philosophy can one properly understand what philosophy is. Another element of a philosophical method is to formulate questions to be answered or problems to be solved. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Philosophical Method and Galileo's Paradox of Infinity,, Articles needing additional references from May 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from May 2013, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 August 2020, at 20:12. "[3] Philosophizing may begin with some simple doubts about accepted beliefs. Argument - provide an … These questions are only the tip of the philosophical iceberg. [citation needed] It follows that another element of philosophical method, common in the work of nearly all philosophers, is philosophical criticism.