Although endemic to the evergreen lowland subtropical forests on the Gulf and south Atlantic coastal plain, magnolia grandiflora is widely cultivated in warmer areas around the world. Another record includes a 35-m-high specimen from the Chickasawhay District, De Soto National Forest, in Mississippi, which measured 17.75 ft in circumference at breast height, from 1961, and a 30-m-tall tree from Baton Rouge, which reached 18 ft in circumference at breast height. The usually straight-grained wood has uniform texture with closely spaced rings. Laurel magnolia,[6] evergreen magnolia,[4] large-flower magnolia or big laurel are alternative names. Isolation and characterization of the sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and reynosin from Magnolia grandiflora L. Farouk S. El-Feraly and Yee-Ming Chan, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, March 1978, Volume 67, Issue 3, pages 347–350, 3,5′-diallyl-2′-hydroxy-4-methoxybiphenyl, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T193948A2291865.en, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200008470, http://bonap.net/MapGallery/County/Magnolia%20grandiflora.png, "Exclusive: Iconic White House tree to be cut down", "White House to cut back magnolia tree planted by Andrew Jackson", "Little Gem vs. Teddy Bear Magnolia Trees", United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile for, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Magnolia_grandiflora&oldid=990765332, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Halls, L. K. 1977. It is also known as 'Teddy Bear', This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 10:53. [15] One of the earliest people to cultivate it in Europe was Sir John Colliton of Exeter in Devon; scaffolding and tubs surrounded his tree, where gardeners propagated its branches by layering, the daughter plants initially selling for five guineas each (but later falling to half a guinea). Once established, 'Edith Bogue' has been known to have only minor spotting and margin burn on the leaf in temperatures as low as −5 °F (−21 °C). Yields fruit that is 3–8" long, attracting birds. Capable of growing at a moderate rate to a height of 80 feet or more with a 30 to 40-foot spread, southern magnolia forms a dense (more open in the shade), dark green pyramidal shape, the lower branches often bending to the ground. 'Angustifolia', developed in France in 1825, has narrow, spear-shaped leaves 20 cm (7.9 in) long by 11 cm (4.3 in) wide, as its name suggests. Southern magnolia/Magnolia grandiflora L. In Southern fruit-producing woody plants used by wildlife. [4], Magnolia grandiflora was one of the many species first described by Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae in 1759,[5] basing his description on the earlier notes of Miller. Leaves are shiny green, reddish underneath. [22] The leaves have a waxy coating that makes them resistant to damage from salt and air pollution. Coumarins and sesquiterpene lactones from Magnolia grandiflora leaves. [10] Despite preferring sites with increased moisture, it does not tolerate inundation. It can withstand some flooding and has moderate drought tolerance. [7] The timber is known simply as magnolia. [9] In the eastern United States, it has become an escapee, and has become naturalized in the tidewater area of Virginia and locally in other areas outside of its historically natural range. The brown varieties are claimed to be more cold-hardy than the white varieties, but this does not appear to be proven as yet. Protect from winter winds and sun in northern areas. The timber is hard and heavy, and has been used commercially to make furniture, pallets, and veneer. Is an evergreen, keeping most (but not all) of its leaves year-round. The fruit of the southern magnolia … Planting: Choose a full sun location (6 to 8 hours of sun per day) away from cement sidewalks or driveways.The Southern Magnolia adapts to a variety of soil types but does prefer well-drained areas. Magnolias are entwined with the history of the south. p. 196-197. Long-flowering, it has oval leaves which lack the brownish hair underneath. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Perhaps the one reaching back the farthest into time is a southern magnolia that still grows in what today is Washington State Park in Washington, Arkansas. According to Famous and Historic Trees by Charles E. Randall and Henry Clepper, this tree was planted near an important road junction in 1839 by Gen. Grandison D. Royston. Our little mothers are standard and imperial teacup size ( average 6 lbs) Shih-Tzu. The national champion is a specimen in Smith County, Mississippi, that stands an incredible 37 m (121 ft). [13], The plant collector Mark Catesby, the first in North America, brought M. grandiflora to Britain in 1726, where it entered cultivation and overshadowed M. virginiana, which had been collected a few years earlier. View Map. Produces creamy white flowers, sometimes up to 12" in diameter, with a rich fragrance. [33], Magnolia grandiflora (southern magnolia) – a large tree at Hemingway, South Carolina.