The formation of a deep taproot complicates transplanting from the wild. It begins to drop needles at the end of its second season, some needles remaining until its fifth year. mature bark furrowed into irregular flat, scaly plates. Bark characteristics: young bark rough; dark gray to black. form a strategic partnership called N.C. N.C. Rough, dark grey to black bark when young and reddish or yellowish-brown to dark brown when mature, furrowed into irregular flat, scaly plates with small resin pores dotted along scaly plates. The bark is rough and broken into vertical irregular plates that tend to flake off and reveal the redder bark beneath. The Shortleaf pine is moderately resistant to deer damage. Water requirements: Fairly drought resistant. Shortleaf pine is a medium to large tree reaching 80 to 100 feet tall and 2–3 feet in diameter in a lifespan of 200 years. Pine beetles and weevils are potential insect pests. Use as Lumber, plywood, even taproots are used for pulpwood. symbol: PIEC2 Leaf: Evergreen needles, 3 to 5 inches long, two or three (on the same branch), slender and flexible needles per fascicle, dark yellow-green in color, fascicle sheath is persistent. Interesting Facts Like most pines, Shortleaf pine is a popular bonsai. The Shortleaf Pine has slender, flexible, dark bluish-green needles (3-5" long) that appear in bundles of two or three. The Shortleaf Pine has slender, flexible, dark bluish-green needles (3-5" long) that appear in bundles of two or three. 2) with distinct small resin pockets, allow for easy identification of … This plant supports Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis) larvae which have one brood per season and appear from April-October in the south. The straight bole (Fig. shortleaf pine Pinaceae Pinus echinata Mill. The symmetrical, ovoid, short-stalked cones (1.5 to 2.5" long) are usually not produced until the tree reaches 20 years of age. Shortleaf Pine is an evergreen tree that may grow 80 to 100 feet tall. It will tolerate some light shade. Young trees may sprout from the base especially after fires or mowing which differentiate them from other southern pines. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Your email address will not be published. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Once empty, the cones stay attached to the tree for many years. The short needles, small cones, and platy bark (Fig. The tree is variable in form, sometimes straight, sometimes crooked, with an irregular crown. Article was last reviewed on 26th December 2019. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Fruit displays from September to October. long oblong to ovate, reddish-brown to greyish-brown scales and resinous. Select plants with a low flammability rating for the sites nearest your home. Bark is thick, reddish-brown to nearly black, broken into large, irregular, scaly plates. Southeastern NY west to eastern OK south to southern TX east to northern FL. Oleoresins are extracted to make turpentine. Young trees may sprout from the base especially after fires or mowing which differentiate them from other southern pines. Fire Risk: This plant has a high flammability rating and should not be planted within the defensible space of your home. The Shortleaf Pine grows best in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Also used to make turpentine. Shortleaf pine has the largest range of the southern US yellow pines, but reaches its ecological maxima around western Arkansas in the Ouachita Mountains. The fascicle sheath is persistent. As the tree ages, flat scales which reveal a yellowish color when removed develop. Like most pines, Shortleaf pine is a popular bonsai. © 2020 (Coniferous Forest). 2 to 3 cm (0.8 to 1.0 in) thick. The bark is scaly and dark on young trees. A deep taproot develops early in its life cycle, which helps it to grow on poor sites. The wood is heavy and hard, fine-grained with a yellow-brown or orange color, containing less resin than other pines economically important to the South. This plant also supports Eastern Pine Elfin (Callophrys niphon) which have one flight from March-June. 4) with low taper supports a small pyramidal crown. The tip of each scale has a short spine. In Georgia, South Carolina, and Virginia, shortleaf pine planted on sites where littleleaf disease was likely to occur revealed that trees were healthier from locations west to east, and those from upland locations were healthier than those from coastal plain areas. Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, red to yellow, in clumps at ends of twigs; females light green to red and armed. It will also tolerate a wide range of soils but prefers sandy loams. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Healthy, well-maintained Shortleaf pine trees usually have few problems. The tree has 3- to 5-inch slender and flexible needles in clusters of 2 or 3. Required fields are marked *. All rights reserved. Squirrels, other small mammals, and birds eat the seeds. Your email address will not be published. Buds: 6 mm (0.2 in.) Bark: Bark Color: Black Dark Gray Light Brown Red/Burgundy Surface/Attachment: Furrowed Ridges Bark Plate Shape: Irregular Published on August 20th 2016 by Sajal Datta under Pine. It can tolerate varied soil and site conditions and maintains steady growth rate for a long period. The Shortleaf Pine is a medium- to large-sized tree, indigenous to the eastern United States. A deep taproot develops early in its life cycle, which helps it to grow on poor sites. It begins to drop needles at the end of its second season, some needles remaining until its fifth year.