Having driven the German and Italian troops from North Africa and Sicily, the Allies decided to invade Italy in September 1943. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. In response, the Germans initiated Operation Achse, which saw them disarm Italian units and take over the defense of key points. Prior to the invasion, extensive thought was given to a variety of supporting airborne operations utilizing the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division. Due to the tenacious German defense, growing the beachhead proved slow, which hampered Clark's ability to build up additional forces. At Salerno, Allied warships fired more than 11,000 tons of shells in support of the ground forces. We remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines, and we reserve the right to remove any post for any reason. He has appeared on The History Channel as a featured expert. Having (very!) Related: What are the most popular tours in Salerno? Get answers to your questions about Salerno, Hotels near Stazione Marittima di Salerno, Hotels near Museo Diocesano San Matteo di Salerno, Hotels near Museo Archeologico Provinciale di Salerno. On September 9, Clark's forces began moving towards the beaches south of Salerno. Having meticulously planned our upcoming trip to (ta && ta.queueForLoad ? more. They had previously understood that they would be returning to their own units from which they had been separated during the fighting in the North African Campaign, mainly because they had been wounded. It was hoped that these landings would draw German forces south, allowing them to be trapped in southern Italy by the later Avalanche landings on September 9. Also, as the Italians had approached the Allies with peace overtures, it was hoped that much of the country could be occupied before German troops arrived in large numbers. Subsequent efforts met a similar fate the next day. ta.queueForLoad : function(f, g){document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', f);})(function(){ta.trackEventOnPage('postLinkInline', 'impression', 'postLinks-87161516', '');}, 'log_autolink_impression');Salerno. Landing in Calabria and south of Salerno, British and American forces pushed inland. These efforts resulted in a successful campaign that led to the overthrow of Italian leader Benito Mussolini in late July 1943. I know nothing about sites but there is a museum dedicated to it... https:/…Museo_dello_sbarco_e_Salerno_Capitale, I'm not sure how long you are based in (ta && ta.queueForLoad ? As it became increasingly clear that resources were not available for a cross-Channel operation in 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt agreed to the invasion of Sicily. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. In September 1943, 191 soldiers of Montgomery's 8th Army downed guns and refused to take part in the battle for Salerno in southern Italy. In evaluating the performance of German forces that opposed the Allies at Salerno, General Siegfried Westphal, Kesselring’s chief of staff, acknowledged the contribution the Allied navies made. On September 8, the Allies announced that Italy had formally surrendered. Having meticulously planned our upcoming trip to Salerno, we're in the middle of a bit of a u-turn. Over the next three days, Clark worked to land additional troops and expand the Allied lines. ta.queueForLoad : function(f, g){document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', f);})(function(){ta.trackEventOnPage('postLinkInline', 'impression', 'postLinks-86120183', '');}, 'log_autolink_impression');Salerno, but if you're up to a day trip or on route to Rome you may want to stop at Cassino and visit Monte Cassino. With the collapse of Italy, the Germans commenced plans for defending the peninsula. Capri Boat full day tour with Cranchi 32 ", https:/…Museo_dello_sbarco_e_Salerno_Capitale, abbaziamontecassino.org/abbey/index.php/en/, http://www.tripadvisor.com/pages/forums_posting_guidelines.html, Salerno to Amalfi and Positano in August by boat, what is the best way to get to capri from salerno in march, Trogir Croatia to Plitvice lakes and Zagreb. Having (very!) By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, World War II Europe: Fighting in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy, World War II: Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, World War II: Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander, World War II: Operation Market-Garden Overview, M.S., Information and Library Science, Drexel University, B.A., History and Political Science, Pennsylvania State University. Having (very!) To their right, McCreery's corps encountered fierce German resistance and required naval gunfire support to move inland. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. Supporting the invasion's left flank was a force of U.S. Army Rangers and British Commandos, which were given the objective of securing the mountain passes on the Sorrento Peninsula and blocking German reinforcements from Naples. The invasion opened a second front in Europe and helped take pressure off Soviet forces in the east. This topic has been closed to new posts due to inactivity. Pushing inland, the troops of Lieutenant General George S. Patton's Seventh Army and General Sir Bernard Montgomery's Eighth Army pushed back the Axis defenders. We hope you'll join the conversation by posting to an open topic or starting a new one. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Assigned to Montgomery's Eighth Army, Baytown was scheduled for September 3. Though further south, Salerno was chosen due to its calmer surf conditions, proximity to Allied air bases, and the existing road network beyond the beaches. Not believing that any enemy landings in Calabria or other areas in the south would be the main Allied effort, Kesselring left these areas lightly defended and directed troops to delay any advances by destroying bridges and blocking roads. The Allied invasion of Italy took place September 3–16, 1943, during World War II (1939–1945). Prime Minister Winston Churchill ardently advocated for attacking through what he termed "the soft underbelly of Europe," as he believed that Italy could be knocked out of the war and the Mediterranean opened to Allied shipping. Below this point, Field Marshal Albert Kesselring's Army Command South was tasked with halting the Allies. The next day, Kesselring and von Vietinghoff commenced a counteroffensive against the Allied position. Meeting light Italian opposition, Montgomery's men had little trouble coming ashore and began forming to move north. Kesselring's primary field formation, Colonel General Heinrich von Vietinghoff's Tenth Army, consisting of XIV Panzer Corps and LXXVI Panzer Corps, came online on August 22 and began moving to defensive positions. As a result, by September 12, X Corps switched to the defensive as insufficient men were available to continue the advance. During the course of the invasion of Italy, Allied forces sustained 2,009 killed, 7,050 wounded, and 3,501 missing while German casualties numbered around 3,500. "The main great church at the town at barock style.Is big and with a nice yard.The paintings are so amazing and the feeling of the church emit tranquility and peace.The bell tower is unique!"