The kernel has 5 segments covering the embryo. Under normal conditions they reach 18–32 m (59–105 ft) with girths of 1.5–2 m (4 ft 11 in–6 ft 7 in). Across these three states some 20-30 million forest dwellers depend on collection of sal seeds, leaves and resins. New leaves are reddish, soon becoming delicate green. Sal is indigenous to India and occurs in two main regions separated by the Gangetic Plain, namely the northern and central Indian regions. In the Himalayan foothill belt it extends up to Assam valley (including Mefghalaya and Tripura) in the east to foothills of north-west Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Kangra region of Himachala Pradesh. [9] The proper storage of seeds before processing is crucial. On le trouve au sud de l'Himalaya, en Birmanie, au Bangladesh, en Inde et au Népal. On the Mahābhārat Range, at … He is best known as Sal Murdocca, illustrator of the Magic Tree House series written by Mary Pope Osborne (from 1992) and the nonfiction Magic Tree House Fact Checkers by Osborne and collaborators (from 2000)—about 50 and 30 volumes respectively to 2014. Les croyants ayant atteint le nirvana et qui sont rentrés dans l'imagerie populaire sont souvent représentés sous un arbre, un sal par exemple[3]. Shorea robusta seed oil is an edible oil extracted from the seeds of Shorea robusta. Sal tree also known as Shorea robusta is commonly found in all parts of India and holds a special religious significance. Common Fig "अंजीर" in Marathi and Hindi -- Ficus carica. Dans ces régions, il constitue l'arbre le plus courant dans les forêts. Jeunes feuilles et inflorescence en boutons, Dissémination des graines par rotation du fruit. Dans le bouddhisme, le Bouddha Shakyamuni méditait dans un bois de sals près de Kusināgar au moment de son parinirvana (sa mort physique)[2], et son corps aurait été recouvert de leurs fleurs. [13] Sal butter is used in the manufacturing of edible ghee (vanaspati), paints and pigments, lubricants, auto oil, etc. It is a smart choice to get radiant skin naturally without artificial methods. Sal River (India), Goa; Sal River (Russia) Arts and entertainment. Le bois est résineux et durable, et n'est pas très adapté au polissage et à la menuiserie fine. Shorea robusta seed oil is an edible oil extracted from the seeds of Shorea robusta. The bark is dark brown and thick, with longitudinal fissures deep in poles, becoming shallow in mature trees, and provides effective fire protection. Leaves are simple, shiny, about 10–25 cm (3.9–9.8 in) long and broadly oval at the base, with the apex tapering into a long point. La résine de sal est utilisée comme encens dans des cérémonies hindoues. On le trouve également dans les Ghāts orientaux. Dans les zones les plus humides, le sal garde ses feuilles tout au long de l'année, tandis qu'il perd la plupart de celles-ci dans les zones plutôt sèches, entre les mois de février et avril, pour constituer un nouveau feuillage d'avril à mai. Sources: Common Trees of India, Pippa Mukherjee, World Wildlife Fund India/ Oxford University Press 1983, Flowering Trees … Refined, modified fat is a substitute for cocoa butter and used in confectionery industry. Sal is indigenous to India and occurs in two main regions separated by the Gangetic Plain, namely the northern and central Indian regions. [citation needed], SEAHandBook=2009,By The Solvent Extractors' Association of India, "Sal Tree, Biological name of the Sal Tree, Sal Tree Plantations in India", https://web.archive.org/web/20131109205555/http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb2/AFTPDFS/Shorea_robusta.pdf, "Sal tree forest- Shantiniketan | Nativeplanet Video", Shorea robusta – an excellent host tree for lichen growth in India, "Sal Seed Solvent Extraction Plant - Supplied Oil Mill Machinery", "Sal Fat - Shorea Robusta Fat, Cocoa Butter Equivalent, Food and Chocolates", https://web.archive.org/web/20130211065905/http://jhamfcofed.com/resources/sal_seed.htm, http://upscguide.com/content/timber-trees-india, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shorea_robusta_seed_oil&oldid=970331419, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 July 2020, at 17:48. est un grand arbre de la famille des Dipterocarpaceae, originaire de l'Asie du Sud. The seeds are 10.8% water, 8% protein, 62.7% carbohydrate, 14.8% oil, 1.4% fiber and 2.3% ash. The Gangetic Plain separate the Himalayan foothill from the central Indian belt.[8]. Sal (Shorea robusta) tree occurs either gregariously or mixed with other trees in Himalayan foot hills and central India. The most favourable soil is a moist sandy loam with good subsoil drainage. [7] The tree is widely distributed in tropical regions and covers about 13.3% of the forested area in the country. Excess moisture (>6-8%) damages oil quality via Hydrolysis in the seed fat, with resulting high free fatty acid oil output. Sal (tree) (Shorea robusta), from the Indian subcontinent; Saharan Air Layer, or SAL; Salivary lipocalin, or SAL, the pig major urinary protein homologue; Sterility assurance level, or SAL, in microbiology It is often the dominant tree in the forests where it occurs. …dark brown durable timber; and sal (Shorea robusta), an East Indian timber tree with foliage providing food for lac insects (which deposit lac, a resinous substance used for the manufacture of shellac and varnishes, on the tree’s twigs). Sal (tree) (Shorea robusta), from the Indian subcontinent; Saharan Air Layer, or SAL; Sterility assurance level, or SAL, in microbiology It is a medicinal tree, and used in Ayurveda for thousands of years to treat variety of diseases including piles, leucorrhoea, gonorrhea, skin disorders, ulcers, wounds, diarrhea, dysentery, burning sensation, seminal weakness, etc. Le Tirthankara Mahāvīra, une des figures majeures de cette religion a reçu l'illumination sous un sal. Salvatore "Sal" Murdocca (born April 26, 1943) is an American children's book illustrator. La ramure sert de fourrage et permet de joncher le sol des étables ou des écuries. S. robusta flourishes best in deep, well-drained, moist, slightly acid, sandy to clayey soils. Dans ces régions, il constitue l'arbre le plus courant dans les forêts. The crown is spreading and spherical. The oil is used as cooking oil after refining. Its name shala, shaal or sal, comes from Sanskrit (शाल, śāla, literally "house"), a name that suggests it for housing timber; other names in the Sanskrit language are ashvakarna, chiraparna and sarja, among many others. Because of this, it is known as sal fat or sal butter. Flowers are yellowish-white, arranged in large terminal or axillary racemose panicles. Traditionally fat is extracted by water rendering. Sal is a gregarious species and it forms the dominant composition in the forests where it occurs. Il a une croissance plutôt lente et peut atteindre entre 30 et 35 m. On exploite à peu près toutes les parties : feuillage, fruits, bois, résine, etc. Sal is a major means of survival for forest dwellers in the Central Indian states of Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. The tree requires mean annual rainfall between 1,000–3,000 mm (39–118 in) and maximum of 6,600 mm (260 in).