(NH 4)NaHPO 4 NaPO 3 + NH 3 + H 2 O It glowed, perpetually, in the dark. It's toxic and explosive in its pure form, but chemistry is fun, right? Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. Oh, and keep it under water or it will spontaneously ignite. Feel like doing a lot of horrible things with pee this weekend? She didn't have to live in poverty only because she was born in the 1600s, and so died young. The phosphorus urine test is used to check the amount of phosphate present in our body. One litre of urine contains 11 gms of nitrogen, 1 gm of phosphorus and 2 gms of potassium. How do you get phosphorus from urine? Collis King. Red Phosphorus and Violet Phosphorus (Polymeric) Red Phosphorus has more atoms linked together in a network than white phosphorus does, which makes it much more stable. During this week, get Best thing is to go buy it. Drill 3/4" hole in the lid of the 5 gallon bucket. History and Design of the Bathroom Part 7: Putting a Price on Poop and Pee, 13 Natural Solutions for Killing and Deterring Ants, 8 Natural & Homemade Insecticides: Save Your Garden Without Killing the Earth. However, at ordinary temperatures the conversion of the white allo This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. The buyers sold the secret to others, but it remained valuable and well-kept until 1737, when someone sold it to the Academy of Science in Paris and it was published. Cut out and save all the striking strips. Extracting Red Phosphorus from Matchbooks: Rip off matchbook covers. When I visited my family doctor, he said I'd have to submit urine for testing and stepped out of the room. These conditions can be the indication of some serious diseases. His steps to discovering this element were undignified, to say the least. He wants to make it from some other phosphorus compound, which is much harder. you can get the ions out of solution by electrolysis like you mentioned before. Grab that oil! In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. 5 years ago | 154 views. Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. Figure 4: red phosphorus is in safety matches. o 3 Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. Its estimated that Brand used 5,500 liters (about 1500 gallons) of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus, or nearly 46 Red phosphorus is a non-poisonous, dark red powder that is not very inflammable. Urine is an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and trace elements. ". The former is a waxy, yellowish-white, very inflammable, and poisonous solid. Put the Loading How to make white phosphorus - YouTube It was what we now call phosphorus. I concur with Wes. Heat that for about 16 hours. From left to right: white phosphorus, red phosphorus, violet phosphorus & violet phosphorus. Channel the phosphorus into water to cool it down. Follow. (And keep them in lightproof paper bags - also supplied - of course.) Playing next. Grab that oil! Grab that oil! Let the rest cool. Phosphorus, (IPA: /fsfrs/, Greek: phs meaning "light", and phoros meaning "bearer"), is the chemical element that has the symbol P and atomic number 15. For example, it's a component of fireworks, flares and matches; it's used to dope silicon; and it's a plant fertilizer. IO9 describes the process: You then mix the urine with the tasty powder and heat it in a retort like that kid in the chemistry set has. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." Phosphate is a charged particle (ion) that contains the mineral phosphorus. Yellow Is the New Green: Is Pee-Cycling Greener Than a Composting Toilet? IO9 suggests that you wear protective clothing and eye protection, and don't breathe, because "Urine contains urea, and that breaks down into ammonia. [NOTE: This is a retouched combination picture that Report. That's not making red phosphorus, that's separating it from the other junk in match strikers. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." Red phosphorus, a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, has many uses. But it could run out. About 1500 gallons of urine went into his experiment, but it paid off. Brand (also known as Dr. Teutonicus) evaporated urine and so produced ammonium sodium hydrogenphosphate (microcosmic salt), which on heating produces sodium phosphite. It is done because both the high level and low level of phosphorus can be dangerous for our health. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. He sold the secret to anyone who would pay enough, including Wilhelm Leibniz, the inventor of calculus. He wanted to come up with the philosopher's stone, which turned everyday elements into gold. His first step was marrying well; he was an officer in the army, but his wife had enough money for him to leave. How to make Red Phosphorus Dan Lutes. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. o 2 Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. White phosphorus can be converted to red phosphorus, as they, plus the black form, are all allotropes of phosphorus. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. At that stage, the science generally meant doing weird and dangerous things to any substance scientists could get their hands on. He did, however, come up with something he called "cold fire." It wasn't cheap, and Brand burned through all of his wife's money. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. How to Make Phosphorus Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Struvite produced from urine can be applied to fields just like any other fertiliser. Brand mourned for a time, and then went in search of another financially secure wife. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. Test Overview. She didn't have enough money overall at least not according to Brand and so he used what money she had to try to make more money. For this reason, we now use red phosphorus in matches. How to make Red Phosphorus. Terribly rare and precious elements were popular, but so were human fluids. Then again, Sami, maybe this isn't such a good idea. How do you get phosphorus from urine? It can only safely be kept under water. Line up as many matchbook covers as you can cut through with tin snips or good, sharp scissors. It is not quite as flammable, but given enough energy it still reacts with air. When heated with carbon (charcoal) this decomposed to produce white phosphorus and sodium pyrophosphate. First, you should allow some urine (preferably your own but I don't judge) to sit in an open container for about a week. Could Harvesting Urine Ease Demand For Phosphorus? How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. ** Nitrogen promotes leafy growth, phosphorus promotes root development and seed germination. The phosphate urine test measures the amount of phosphate in a sample of urine collected over 24 hours (24-hour urine test). This cools to form solid phosphorus. When the phosphate loses its oxygen, it becomes phosphorus, which at high heat is emitted as a gas. He returned with 4 - 1 gallon plastic containers and told me I was to use them for a week and return however many were used at the end of the week. This is thanks to the phosphates in urine. Its one of the six most abundant elements in any living organism. That sounds like quite an achievement, but Brand's life wasn't one that should, necessarily, be emulated. The discovery of phosphorus was made when an alchemist, Hennig Brand, tried to make gold from urine. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. 1. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. The body needs phosphorus to build and repair bones and teeth, help nerves function, and make muscles contract. Hennig Brand discovered the element of phosphorus in 1669. 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