• Make reference to the course readings (ATTACHED), the film The Other Conquest, … <> • Describe how the devotion to the Virgen de Guadalupe has maintained indigenous religious traditions in Latin America through religious syncretism. D) Christian saints replacing pre-Christian gods, and celebration of Carnival in Brazil E) All of the choices are examples of syncretic religion in Latin America Such adherents sometimes see syncretism as a betrayal of their pure truth. It provides an opportunity to bring beliefs, values, and customs from one cultural tradition into contact with, and to engage different cultural traditions. endobj Artistic Syncretism in Latin America: From Olmec to Spanish Colonialism A) Christian saints replaced pre-Christian gods. 1 0 obj endstream endobj endobj Lack of syncretism would bring much tension to society. Syncretism /ˈsɪŋkrətɪzəm/ is the combining of different beliefs, while blending practices of various schools of thought. uuid:3c151cec-ab49-11b2-0a00-782dad000000 syncretism the combination of elements from different religions or different cultural traditions. <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 15 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> <> %PDF-1.7 %���� endobj References List. endobj "And that is their so-called Syncretism [Union of Cretans]". 8 0 obj In modern secular society, religious innovators sometimes construct new faiths or key tenets syncretically, with the added benefit or aim of reducing inter-religious discord. 5 0 obj Syncretism was common during the Hellenistic period, with rulers regularly identifying local deities in various parts of their domains with the relevant god or goddess of the Greek Pantheon as a means of increasing the cohesion of their kingdom. Colonial History Creates Religious Syncretism in the Dominican Republic. B) the celebration of Carnival in Brazil C) The Mayan practice of paying tribute to underworld spirits is replicated through building shrines to favorite Catholic saints. In the 16th century a new religion called the Din-i Ilahi (literally, "Religion of God")[8][9] was propounded by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1582 CE, intending to merge some of the elements of the religions of his empire, and thereby reconcile the differences that divided his subjects. 300 ce). Syncretism also occurs commonly in expressions of arts and culture (known as eclecticism) as well as politics (syncretic politics). • Describe how the devotion to the Virgen de Guadalupe has maintained indigenous religious traditions in Latin America through religious syncretism. A temple dedicated to this syncretic god, built by the Kushite ruler Atlanersa, was unearthed at Jebel Barkal.[2][3]. 57 0 obj <> endobj ... American English has incorporated various elements from African-Americans and Latin in originality. endobj This practice was accepted in most locations but vehemently rejected by the Jews, who considered the identification of Yahweh with the Greek Zeus as the worst of blasphemy. 2019-04-16T08:40:14-07:00 58 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 15 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> Religious syncretism is often talked about in the integration of Catholicism and native religions during colonial times, but syncretism happened centuries before the Spanish set foot in Latin America. <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 15 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> 15 0 obj Erasmus probably coined the modern usage of the Latin word in his Adagia ("Adages"), published in the winter of 1517–1518, to designate the coherence of dissenters in spite of their differences in theological opinions. <> Syncretism tends to facilitate co-existence and unity between otherwise l-different cultures and world views (intercultural competence), a factor that has recommended it to rulers of multiethnic realms. Religions may have syncretic elements to their beliefs or history, but adherents of so-labeled systems often frown on applying the label, especially adherents who belong to "revealed" religious systems, such as the Abrahamic religions, or any system that exhibits an exclusivist approach. Non-exclusivist systems of belief, on the other hand, may feel quite free to incorporate other traditions into their own. Overt syncretism in folk belief may show cultural acceptance of an alien or previous tradition, but the "other" cult may survive or infiltrate without authorized syncresis. This can occur for many reasons, and the latter scenario happens quite commonly in areas where multiple religious traditions exist in proximity and function actively in a culture, or when a culture is conquered, and the conquerors bring their religious beliefs with them, but do not succeed in entirely eradicating the old beliefs or (especially) practices. '?�-u�/v����s���>?r���e�S7����ˀ�~$iqa��$�Z����iQ���x�hU��m�$��f�/1Fp����5��%�Ӈ:"�b��R�D�aߕ�.� MЭ����`��J�Pʓ2, Artistic Syncretism in Latin America: From Olmec to Spanish Colonialism. 9 0 obj In later times, Christian missionaries in North America identified Manitou, the spiritual and fundamental life force in the traditional beliefs of the Algonquian groups, with the God of Christianity. In addition, Gisbert goes back to Saint Augustine's thesis to explain religious syncretism in South America and states that "for the 16th Century Spaniard it was difficult to accept that God had left all of humanity in complete ignorance of the truths of faith with the … As the empire expanded, conquered cultures were permitted to keep their own beliefs and local gods provided they pay homage to the Inc… endobj Afro-American religions (also African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas among African slaves and their descendants in various countries of Latin America, the Caribbean, and parts of the southern United States. 10 0 obj The English word is first attested in the early 17th century,[1] from Modern Latin syncretismus, drawing on Greek συγκρητισμός (synkretismos), supposedly meaning "Cretan federation", but this is a spurious etymology from the naive idea in Plutarch's 1st-century AD essay on "Fraternal Love (Peri Philadelphias)" in his collection Moralia (2.490b). endobj endobj 2019-04-16T08:40:14-07:00 3 0 obj LATIN AMERICA. "[6] Others such as Jerry H. Bentley, however, have argued that syncretism has also helped to create cultural compromise. <> Religion in Latin America is characterized by the historical predominance of Catholic Christianity, increasing Protestant influence, as well as by the presence of other world religions.According to survey data from Pew Research Center 2014, 69% of the Latin American population is Catholic and 19% is Protestant, rising to 22% in Brazil and over 40% in much of Central America. Appligent AppendPDF Pro 5.5 The consequence under such a definition, according to Ferdinando, can lead to a fatal "compromise" of the original religion's "integrity".[5]. [further explanation needed][citation needed]. 60 0 obj According to some authors, "Syncretism is often used to describe the product of the large-scale imposition of one alien culture, religion, or body of practices over another that is already present. They maintained that worship even after they had been driven out of Egypt. Diderot portrayed syncretism as the concordance of eclectic sources. Such religions tend to inherently appeal to an inclusive, diverse audience. 56 0 obj Indeed, critics of a syncretistic trend may use the word or its variants as a disparaging epithet, as a charge implying that those who seek to incorporate a new view, belief, or practice into a religious system pervert the original faith. Syncretism in religious belief and practices has been especially associated with contexts, e.g. Syncretism is a mixture of cultural and religious beliefs that promotes a successful development of the society.