A: They can grow up to almost 40 feet in height. Backfill the hole with a mixture of soil and fresh compost or manure. The plant also bears moringa fruit, the pods of which are slightly angled and in the shape of daggers. Prune as necessary to maintain the tree at the size you want it to be. Growing moringa requires enriched soil, which is why you should add compost or manure every now and then. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. A little more about me. Remove all damaged or dead limbs and try not to prune heavily during a rainy season. You can do this with a soaker hose, and the gradual dripping of moisture into the soil will fully hydrate it. This generally makes clay a poor soil choice unless irrigation can be completely controlled. Once established, they are drought resistant, and they can tolerate extreme temperatures as high as 118 degrees Fahrenheit. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It has a number of medicinal uses as well. One of the best things about pruning your moringa is that you’re able to more easily harvest an abundance of leaves all at once. Termite damage can be professionally treated to kill off the burrowing pests. They will ideally sprout in a warm temperature between 70-90 degrees F. The best way to plant them is to start in small pots and transplant them in the ground once the seeds begin to sprout. Plant the seeds at least 1 inch deep and keep the pot in a warm, sunny spot. What could be better than ambling into your yard and collecting healthy leaves of a happily growing moringa tree? A good sturdy pair of loppers will help. Almost all parts of moringa plants are edible, from the roots to the leaves and flowers, to the large pods and seeds that grow from the branches. Whether you’re using moringa seeds or cuttings, the trees grow and mature quickly. Loose soil will also ensure good drainage. Growing moringa is usually very easy, but that doesn’t mean you won’t run into problems. Luckily, they adapt well to container growing. Growing moringa trees is easier than you think. You may very well discover that your tree still performs just fine without it. Established moringa plants are drought-tolerant, but young plants need more consistent moisture to encourage strong growth. Fruit, twig, or root rots are possible in moringa. Home » Growing Moringa: The Majestic Drumstick Tree. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? Noctuidae species, particularly the armyworm or cutworm, are problematic for moringa.  X Research source Damaged branches should also be removed. Spread a 2-3” layer of compost around the base of the tree to the width of the tree’s canopy. So much so, that the moringa tree earned the affectionate nickname, the “Miracle Tree.”. Noctuidae species, particularly the armyworm or cutworm, are problematic for moringa. Chew the seed thoroughly. A: Moringa is a deciduous tree, so it usually loses its leaves in the fall. Although the trees can survive in poor soil or clay soil, it’s best to stick to loamy. Mature pods can be harvested at full size. These exuberant trees grow like wildfire, and you may discover you have a lot of extra work on your hands! Purchase a number of seeds that is right for you. Moringa is a drought-resistant, fast-growing tree that can reach 3 meters in just the first year! Once thawed, cook them as you would green beans. There are over 13 species of Moringa plants, all of which can be used for food or medicinal purposes. Moringa seeds germinate readily within one to two weeks. Luckily, moringa plants are resistant to many different pests and diseases, however, termites can still be an issue with established moringa trees. Keep the soil moist around them by watering every 2-3 days. Each moringa flower is white, dainty, and pealike in shape. They tend to grow quickly from cuttings and seeds and can easily adapt to, poor soil. After planting, water the freshly planted seed lightly, being careful not to overwater. A: Surprisingly, yes. Keep the area around the tree free of debris and harvest young pods promptly to prevent them from sticking around. The ideal temperature for germination is between 77-95 degrees F (25-35 degrees C). So too are an assortment of caterpillars. This will encourage fruiting and further... Look for any pests in your saplings and get rid of them as soon as possible. Many retailers online offer the seeds for sale in large quantities. If you leave them on their stems and set the stems in a glass of water, they will stay almost as fresh as they would be if just harvested. A quick blanching of the seeds will remove the sticky film, and then they can be cooked in similar ways to peas or fresh beans. Moringa plants grow from seeds readily. Water it daily until the seed sprouts. However, they benefit from having their topsoil regularly amended with compost or manure. These plants do not tolerate cold temperatures as readily, although they can tolerate some light frosts. Moringa plants can grow outdoors year-round in USDA zones 10 and 11 and can be grown outdoors for part of the year in any region that experiences warm summers. Here are some tips I can recommend: Using your pruning shears, prune old branches as the tree starts to mature. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. The leaves are often cooked like a vegetable or steamed for tea, while the ground pods are used for curries and the oil extracted from the seeds can be used for cooking, and in perfumes and soaps. The branch should be at least 1” in diameter and can be up to six feet in length. While they’re drought-resistant once well established, moringa still needs water to survive. Once hatched, the larvae bore into the stem and eat the center. Place the wider end of the branch down deep into the hole, and backfill and tamp it down. Moringa seeds can be directly sowed into the garden. Fruit or twig rots can be treated with copper-based fungicide. The adult beetle will lay its eggs on a healthy twig. Fresh seeds retain excellent germination rates for up to one year. It is extremely nutritious, and the seeds can be used to purify water. After planting, moringa plants benefit from a light application of a general, all-purpose fertilizer to help support growth. Moringa seeds have no dormancy period and are best planted as soon as they are harvested from the tree. Soggy soil can lead to root rot formation. If you’re planting moringa from seeds, germination can take up to 3-14 days.