A Bach unaccompanied cello suite Gregorian chant Sing something for them without accompaniment Long sections of “The People that Walked in Darkness” aria in Handel’s “Messiah” are monophonic (the instruments are playing the same line as the voice). In the first example, both voices follow the same melody at the same time, making it monophonic. Men and women have different musical ranges. But what does that actually mean? It is important that your presentation looks professional. Also, there can be unpitched rhythmic accompaniment (drums or clapping etc) as long as no other pitches are being played or sung. If you are both singing the same pitches at the same time, then yes, it is still monophonic. A good example of this kind of monophony is in the song 'Just Give Me A Reason' by Pink and Nate Ruess. This is an example of monophonic even though there is an extra rhythmic element (clapping) happening at the same time. Samuel Chase has been playing music since he was 5 years old, and teaching music since he was 13. It mainly represents how many layers of melody and harmony can be heard at any one time. Definite pitches are given letter names. In fabric, texture is created by the materials used to weave the fabric. Texture refers to the layers of music. It doesn't have to be two singers. Most music has multiple layers that form both melody and harmony. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? You will present this information in a brief presentation. For example, the intro to Sir Duke by Stevie Wonder features multiple instruments but as they’re all playing the same melody it’s considered monophonic. Is it still monophonic? Many musical sounds have a specific, measurable frequency called a definite pitch. Or again, the band may cut out and leave the vocalist singing alone like at the end of the song “Oliver James” by Fleet Foxes: A rock song that uses a bass guitar, electric guitar, and vocals to play and sing the exact same melody is “Iron Man” by Black Sabbath. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. In music, monophony is the simplest of musical textures, consisting of a melody (or "tune"), typically sung by a single singer or played by a single instrument player (e.g., a flute player) without accompanying harmony or chords. An example of this would be the song “Renegade” by the Styx. Include transitions between slides and images to enhance the visual appeal of your presentation. An octave occurs when two pitches sound the same but yet not the same. courses that prepare you to earn You can test out of the As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 For example, if each finger plays one note, you can have as many as ten different pitches played by one person on one piano. A melody is also considered to be monophonic if a group of singers (e.g., a choir) sings the same melody together at the unison (exactly the same pitch) or with the same melody notes duplicated at the octave(such as when men and women … It is important to understand that monophonic does not necessarily mean 'one instrument.' This can be a solo instrument, like a violin or cello playing a melody on their own, or it could be a solo vocalist singing a song. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. If the instrumentalists or singers are singing the same note but in different registers, or octaves, that is still monophony, because it is still just one melody. Because men, women and instruments have different musical ranges, singing or playing in octaves is still monophonic. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Make sure that all text is easy-to-read. Another example from the jazz repertoire is the beginning to “Unsquare Dance” by Dave Brubeck. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Now there are two voices singing the same melody. 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Which layer is the melody? credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You will then need to explain in detail why your example is considered monophonic. If your friend starts to sing a different melody or a harmony at the same time, it is no longer monophonic. The word comes from Greek and literally means 'one sound.' However, if one of them strummed along on a guitar, that would not be monophony anymore. In fact, the majority of bass solos, or bass melodies are monophonic, because all other instruments (except maybe drums) tend to cut out and give space to the bassist. This is called the frequency. Again, monophonic texture refers only to pitched instruments, not percussion (unless they’re tuned). Create an account to start this course today. Often, they are neither. If they are not the exact same pitch, can this still be monophonic? In pop music, a song might start in a monophonic texture with just the lead vocalist singing the melody by themselves. © Hello Music Theory 2020 | All rights reserved | Sitemap. Jenna received her BA in English from Iowa State University in 2015, and she has taught at the secondary level for three years. Log in here for access. But, the moment the other instruments come in, it ceases to be monophonic texture. Monophonic texture consists of one layer: a single melody. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Welcome to Hello Music Theory! Therefore, a solo bagpiper can still be monophonic, even though the drone sounds may be of definite pitch. Listen to your favorite pop song. If the guitar player then played the exact melody on the guitar at the same time as everyone was singing, that would be monophony again. The drum pattern (purple) is neither melody nor harmony. Another special consideration is a drone, a constant, unchanging pitch or combination of pitches. For this presentation, you can use Google Slides, PowerPoint, Prezi, VoiceThread, or any other similar media platform. Monophonic texture is one of the most rare textures in popular music today, but you can still find it if you know what you're listening for! Taking the literal translation of monophonic (‘one’ and ‘relating to sound’) we can define monophonic texture as a piece of music where there is only one melodic sound being heard. Most people can only sing one pitch at a time, and so if you are singing by yourself without musical accompaniment, you are singing in monophonic texture. 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