. But since God's people are in so many places styled "the poor" and "the needy," with no evident reference to their temporal circumstances (as in Psalms 68:10 , 69:29-33 , 132:15 , Isaiah 61:1 , 66:2 ), it is plainly a frame of mind which those terms are meant to express. Even in the Old Testament this was well understood. All things, in short, are theirs--in the possession of that favor which is life, and of those rights which belong to them as the children of God--whether the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are theirs ( 1 Corinthians 3:21 1 Corinthians 3:22 ); and at length, overcoming, they "inherit all things" ( Revelation 21:7 ). Commentary on Psalm 5:7-12 (Read Psalm 5:7-12) David prayed often alone, yet was very constant in attendance on public worship. and then come and offer thy gift--"The picture," says THOLUCK," is drawn from life. for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell--He who despises the warning to cast from him, with indignant promptitude, an offending member, will find his whole body "cast," with a retributive promptitude of indignation, "into hell." No wonder that the Romans charged the Jews with hatred of the human race. Compare Matthew 18:17 , where the excommunicated person is said to be "as an heathen man and a publican. Ye have heard that it was said--The words "by," or "to them of old time," in this verse are insufficiently supported, and probably were not in the original text. Then, in the fullest sense, shall the mourners be "comforted.". for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you:--that is, "You do but serve yourselves heirs to their character and sufferings, and the reward will be common.". Well might BENGEL exclaim, "Magnificent appellation!" He waits with his gift at the rails which separate the place where he stands from the court of the priests, into which his offering will presently be taken, there to be slain by the priest, and by him presented upon the altar of sacrifice." And he opened his mouth--a solemn way of arousing the reader's attention, and preparing him for something weighty. We have here the practical application of the foregoing principles to those disciples who sat listening to them, and to their successors in all time. The practice of going beyond Yes and No in affirmations and denials--as if our word for it were not enough, and we expected others to question it--springs from that vicious root of untruthfulness which is only aggravated by the very effort to clear ourselves of the suspicion of it. deliver thee to the officer--the official whose business it is to see the sentence carried into effect. Neither do men light a candle--or, lamp. Without it we are inaccessible to the riches of Christ; with it we are in the fitting state for receiving all spiritual supplies ( Revelation 3:17 Revelation 3:18 , Matthew 9:12 Matthew 9:13 ). Matthew 5:17-48 . Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. The Church of Rome says, No; but the Greek and Protestant Churches allow it. Blessed are the poor in spirit--All familiar with Old Testament phraseology know how frequently God's true people are styled "the poor" (the "oppressed," "afflicted," "miserable") or "the needy"--or both together (as in Psalms 40:17 , Isaiah 41:17 ). Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven--As nobody lights a lamp only to cover it up, but places it so conspicuously as to give light to all who need light, so Christians, being the light of the world, instead of hiding their light, are so to hold it forth before men that they may see what a life the disciples of Christ lead, and seeing this, may glorify their Father for so redeeming, transforming, and ennobling earth's sinful children, and opening to themselves the way to like redemption and transformation. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Thou shalt love thy neighbour--To this the corrupt teachers added, and hate thine enemy--as if the one were a legitimate inference from the other, instead of being a detestable gloss, as BENGEL indignantly calls it. 30. Lutheran expositors, and some of our own, seem to have a hankering after that more restricted sense of the term in which it is used with reference to the sinner's justification before God. "The earth" which the meek are to inherit might be rendered "the land"--bringing out the more immediate reference to Canaan as the promised land, the secure possession of which was to the Old Testament saints the evidence and manifestation of God's favor resting on them, and the ideal of all true and abiding blessedness. ( Matthew 5:21-26 ). We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. It is hard, too, to see how either discourse can well be regarded as the expansion or contraction of the other. and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you, falsely, for my sake--Observe this. 11:2–5; Job 31:1; Prov. To us it seems as plain as possible that our Lord's one object is to contrast the traditional perversions of the law with the true sense of it as expounded by Himself. 26. In Matthew 5:26 is by no means contained the finality of the condition of punishment, but its non-finality; since the ἀποδιδόναι, that is, the removal of the guilt of sin, is for him who is in this φυλακή an impossibility, Matthew 18:34, Matthew 25:41; Matthew 25:46, etc. for they shall be called the children of God--shall be called sons of God. Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake, &c.--How entirely this final beatitude has its ground in the Old Testament, is evident from the concluding words, where the encouragement held out to endure such persecutions consists in its being but a continuation of what was experienced by the Old Testament servants of God. But the full and beatific vision of God is reserved for that time to which the Psalmist stretches his views--"As for me, I shall behold Thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with Thy likeness" ( Psalms 17:15 ). Nor are Christians anywhere else so called. When we find God's own procedure held up for imitation in the law, and much more in the prophets ( Leviticus 19:2 , 20:26 ; and compare 1 Peter 1:15 1 Peter 1:16 ), we may see that the principle of this surprising verse was nothing new: but the form of it certainly is that of One who spake as never man spake. "They shall be saturated," He says; they shall not only have what they so highly value and long to possess, but they shall have their fill of it. We do not object to this; but we incline to think (with BEZA, and after him with FRITZSCHE, OLSHAUSEN, STIER, and BLOOMFIELD) that "by the ancients" must have been what our Lord meant here, referring to the corrupt teachers rather than the perverted people. To us the weight of argument appears to lie with those who think them two separate discourses. and it giveth light--shineth "unto all that are in the house.". 10. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Again, this general way of viewing our Lord's words here seems far preferable to that doctrinal understanding of them which would require us to determine the different kinds of "fulfilment" which the moral and the ceremonial parts of it were to have. Matthew 5 – The Sermon on the Mount A. But, says the apostle, expressing the converse of this beatitude--"Follow holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord" ( Hebrews 12:14 ).