Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. The cartilaginous fish are not directly related to the "bony fish," but are sometimes lumped together for simplicity in description. Wood, Gerald L. (1976). Carcharodon carcharias, Great white shark: fisheries, gamefish. The fish can weigh as much as 1.4 tons and attain lengths of up to 5.5 m. (2012). FishBase.org, Wood, Gerald The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats (1983). Retrieved 22 January 2013. [20][21], The largest of the now-extinct Acanthodii was Ischnacanthus. Fish vary greatly in size. 1988. Ocean Sunfish - Photo: Mohamed AlQubaisi/Shutterstock. The largest living cartilaginous fish, of the order Orectolobiformes, is the whale shark (Rhincodon typus), of the world's tropical oceans. The longest fish is a species of Oarfish known as the King of Herrings, which reaches up to 56 feet long. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. The Largest and the Smallest Fish This is the top ten of the largest and heaviest fish ! 72 % of the earth’s surface is covered with water, and the deepest spot at the bottom of the sea can be found at a depth of 36,200 ft (11,034 m) in the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean. As such, cross group comparisons on this page only serve a colloquial purpose. (2009). The smallest fish is either Paedocypris progenetica or Photocorynus spiniceps depending on how you look at it. Yet it is a shark und is called whale shark because it can reach the size of a whale. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Its head is not bigger than 0.7 inch (2 cm), but its teeth are longer than 0.4 inch (1 cm). (2017). (2010). Three species of fish are reported at Fishbase to have lengths of 1 cm. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_smallest_fish_in_the_world When asked for the largest fish in the ocean, people often hurriedly name the blue whale – but this is a mammal and not a fish! The Smallest Fish In The World. California Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. Specimens can weigh up to 110 kg (240 lb). Slender and compressed, it averages over 6 m (20 ft) long at maturity. . They range from the smallest, the Paedocypris progenetica, to the largest, the whale shark. Somniosus microcephalus, Greenland shark: fisheries, gamefish. 43 (14): 221–238. The fish is generally found in the tropical and subtropical marine waters but are absent in the East Pacific and the West Atlantic. The largest known fishes of the now-extinct class Placodermi were Dunkleosteus and Titanichthys. Docstoc.com, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Some species were of large size, up to 2 m in length. They are not generally known to be very good at performing stunts. FishBase.org, Giant devilray videos, photos and facts – Mobula mobular. It is also the largest living animal that is not a cetacean and, like the largest whales, it is a docile creature that filter-feeds on tiny plankton. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Holcik, J., Hensel, K., Nieslanik, J., and L. Skacel. Although many are dubious, there are several reports of larger whale sharks, with reliable sources citing unverified specimens of up to 37 tonnes and 17 m (56 ft). Which are the smallest? The largest Paedocypris progenetica found was a 10.3 mm mature female. The whale shark is the largest fish – although you could mistake it for a whale because of its misleading name. The largest lobe-finned fish of all time was Rhizodus at up to 7 m (23 ft).[139]. The second and third biggest fishes in the world are the basking shark and the great white shark, respectively. The Manta alfredi is the second biggest species of ray and the tenth biggest fish species living in the world today. ARKive The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. Lee County Fishing Guides in One Place! The record size ocean sunfish crashed into a boat off Bird Island, Australia in 1910 and measured 4.3 m (14 ft) from fin-to-fin, 3.1 m (10 ft) in length and weighed about 2,300 kg (5,100 lb),[20] while the biggest Mola alexandrini was also coincidentally 2,300 kg in mass and 3.0 m in length, caught off in 1996 and misidentified as a Mola mola. Find Them All Here! We are not talking of the of the white shark’s set of teeth. Oarfish - Photo: LT DeeDee Van Wormer, U.S. Navy [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. Paedocypris progenetica are only 7.9mm long, with both genders roughly the same size. [61], The largest living bony fish (superclass Osteichthyes, which includes both ray-finned and lobe-finned fish) is the widely distributed ocean sunfish (Mola mola) and southern sunfish (Mola alexandrini), both being members of the order Tetraodontiformes. [20], Much larger bony fish existed prehistorically, the largest ever known having been Leedsichthys, of the Jurassic period in what is now England. The longest known example, which was hit by a steamship, was measured as 13.7 m (45 ft) long. It could eat out of the palm of somebody’s hand, swim through a ring, swim through a tunnel, swim through under a stick and play soccer (!). The largest fish by mass is the Whale Shark. Pamphorichthys minor, … Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. This is the top ten of the largest and heaviest fish! [62][63], As to length, the longest extant bony fish on earth is the oarfish (Regalecus glesne). [64], The largest living lobe-finned fish is the coelacanth. The whale shark and basking shark exceed all other fish by a considerable margin in weight and length. A specimen caught in 1885 of 7.6 m (25 ft) in length weighed 275 kg (606 lb). No part of this site or its content may be reproduced without the permission of the copyright holder. The average weight of the living West Indian Ocean coelacanth, (Latimeria chalumnae), is 80 kg (180 lb), and they can reach up to 2 m (6.6 ft) in length. Guinness Superlatives. While all these three species are cartilaginous fishes, the largest bony fish is the ocean sunfish, and it comes in at number six on our list of the world's biggest fish. By smallest, here I mean shortest as an adult. The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. The Paedocypris progenetica is the smallest fish in the world. First documented catch of the giant devil ray Mobula mobular. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259701582_Growth_and_Maximum_Size_of_Tiger_Sharks_Galeocerdo_cuvier_in_Hawaii, https://www.fishbase.de/summary/Mola-alexandrini.html, "A Beluga (Sturgeon) caught in 1922 - Our Planet", "Reef manta ray videos, photos and facts - Manta alfredi", "Megamouth shark washes up in Philippines and is only the 60th we've ever seen", Petromyzon marinus, Sea lamprey: fisheries, Summary of Large Whale Shark Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828, Carcharhinus obscurus, Dusky shark : fisheries, gamefish, Summary of Large Bull Shark Carcharhinus leucas (Valenciennes, 1839), Great hammerhead videos, photos and facts – Sphyrna mokarran, Scyliorhinus stellaris, Nursehound: fisheries, aquarium, ISFC, Balnagowan, Mobhi Boreen, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Chimaera lignaria (Carpenter’s Chimaera, Giant Chimaera, Giant Purple Chimaera), Heterodontus portusjacksoni, Port Jackson shark: fisheries, aquarium, Carcharodon carcharias, Great white shark: fisheries, gamefish, Alopias vulpinus, Thresher: fisheries, gamefish, Goblin Sharks, Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan 1898, "Ancient Nursery Area for the Extinct Giant Shark Megalodon from the Miocene of Panama", Giant devilray videos, photos and facts – Mobula mobular, First documented catch of the giant devil ray Mobula mobular, Smooth Stingray, Dasyatis brevicaudata (Hutton, 1875), Himantura chaophraya, Freshwater whipray: fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium, Giant freshwater stingray videos, photos and facts - Himantura chaophraya, Nurse Sharks – Nurse Shark Pictures – Nurse Shark Facts, Pristis pectinata, Smalltooth sawfish: fisheries, gamefish, Pristis zijsron, Longcomb sawfish: fisheries, gamefish, FLMNH Ichthyology Department: Largetooth Sawfish, Pristis microdon, Largetooth sawfish: fisheries, gamefish, Pliotrema warreni, Sixgill sawshark: gamefish, Rhynchobatus djiddensis, Giant guitarfish: fisheries, gamefish, aquarium, Dipturus batis, Blue skate: fisheries, gamefish, Somniosus microcephalus, Greenland shark: fisheries, gamefish, Squalus acanthias, Picked dogfish: fisheries, gamefish, Squatina squatina, Angelshark: fisheries, gamefish.