KI is a component in some disinfectants and hair treatment chemicals. The term SSKI is also used, especially by pharmacists, to refer to a U.S.P. "[41], But equally important to the question of KI is the fact that radioactivity releases are not "local" events. [citation needed] By saturating the body with a source of stable iodide prior to exposure, inhaled or ingested 131I tends to be excreted, which prevents radioiodine uptake by the thyroid. [7] [8], Potassium iodide has been used medically since at least 1820. CH3CO2H (acetic acid) is a weak acid. Answer : KI ( potassium iodide ) is neutral What is an acid, base, neutral ? Answer =  TeCl4 (  Tellurium tetrachloride )   is Polar What is polar and non-polar? KI K+ conjugate acid of a strong base (KOH). No, KI is a strong electrolyte. For SSKI, a solution more viscous than water, there are assumed to be 15 drops per mL; the iodide dose is therefore approximately 51 mg per drop. It crystallises in the sodium chloride structure. It is conventionally rounded to 50 mg per drop. Salts are composed of related numbers of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is electrically neutral (without a net charge). However, since they may be ultimately metabolized or break down to radioactive iodide, it is common to administer non-radioactive potassium iodide to ensure that iodide from these radiopharmaceuticals is not sequestered by the normal affinity of the thyroid for iodide. [5] While use during pregnancy may harm the baby, its use is still recommended in radiation emergencies. Name. Name or Formula Type of Acid or Base Symbol in calculations CH 3COOH Weak acid HA Potassium Formate Weak base A- NH 3 Weak base B Nitric Acid Strong Acid H+ NaClO 4 Spectator ions nothing It is produced industrially by treating KOH with iodine.[32]. The measures were seen as precautions, and the Pentagon said no U.S. forces have shown signs of radiation poisoning. Polar &... An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a, In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, are slippery to the touch, taste astringent, change the color of. For reasons noted above, therapeutic drops of SSKI, or 130 mg tablets of KI as used for nuclear fission accidents, are not used as nutritional supplements, since an SSKI drop or nuclear-emergency tablet provides 300 to 700 times more iodine than the daily adult nutritional requirement. Commercially available iobenguane is labeled with iodine-123, and product labeling recommends administration of potassium iodide 1 hour prior to administration of the radiopharmaceutical for all age groups,[16] while the European Association of Nuclear Medicine recommends (for iobenguane labeled with either isotope), that potassium iodide administration begin one day prior to radiopharmaceutical administration, and continue until the day following the injection, with the exception of new-borns, who do not require potassium iodide doses following radiopharmaceutical injection. KI is Neutral. At maximal doses, and sometimes at much lower doses, side effects of iodide used for medical reasons, in doses of 1000 times the normal nutritional need, may include: acne, loss of appetite, or upset stomach (especially during the first several days, as the body adjusts to the medication). The acid ionization represents the fraction of the original acid that has been ionized in solution. You can decide the acidity or basicity of salt solutions by noting whether the corresponding acid and base are strong or weak. Within ten years of the accident, it became clear that thyroid damage caused by released radioactive iodine was virtually the only adverse health effect that could be measured. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts ... Strong acid + strong base Or if k/I is a weaker conjugate acid/base than water. Dextrose or sodium thiosulfate are often added to iodized table salt to stabilize potassium iodide thus reducing loss of the volatile chemical.[13]. Potassium iodide cannot protect against any other mechanisms of radiation poisoning, nor can it provide any degree of protection against dirty bombs that produce radionuclides other than those of iodine. Weak acids with relatively higher K a values are stronger than acids with relatively lower K a values. "[20], The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services restated these two years later as "The downward KI (potassium iodide) dose adjustment by age group, based on body size considerations, adheres to the principle of minimum effective dose. HClO 4. "[43], The development of thyroid cancer among residents in the North Pacific from radioactive fallout following the United States' nuclear weapons testing in the 1950s (on islands nearly 200 miles downwind of the tests) were instrumental in the 1978 decision by the FDA to issue a request for the availability of KI for thyroid protection in the event of a release from a commercial nuclear power plant or weapons-related nuclear incident. NH4Cl NH4 + conjugate acid of a weak base (NH 3). Hi I was researching about KI and I am not too sure if KI is neutral or not? Unlike I2, I3− salts can be highly water-soluble. Perchloric acid. Potassium iodide finds its most important applications in organic synthesis mainly in the preparation of aryl iodides in the Sandmeyer reaction, starting from aryl amines. In the event of a radioiodine release the ingestion of prophylaxis potassium iodide, if available, or even iodate, would rightly take precedence over perchlorate administration, and would be the first line of defence in protecting the population from a radioiodine release. With pure water, the concentration of KI in the solution depends only on the temperature. Answer =  AsH3  ( Arsine )  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? Noting that KI's effectiveness was "virtually complete" and finding that iodine in the form of KI was substantially superior to other forms including iodate (KIO3) in terms of safety, effectiveness, lack of side effects, and speed of onset, the FDA invited manufacturers to submit applications to produce and market KI. As a supplement it is used in those who have low intake of iodine in the diet. A typical tablet weighs 160 mg, with 130 mg of potassium iodide and 30 mg of excipients, such as binding agents. Elsievier Publishing, US Food and Drug Administration, FDA Talk Paper: Guidance on Protection Against Thyroid Cancer in Case of a Nuclear Accident, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Assessment of the Use of Potassium Iodide (KI) As a Public Protective Action During Severe Reactor Accidents Quoting Thyroid Cancer in Children of Belarus Following the Chernobyl Accident, NUREG-1633, United Nations: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Chernobyl, a Continuing Catastrophe, New York and Geneva, 2000, World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, https://www.fda.gov/regulatory-information/search-fda-guidance-documents/potassium-iodide-thyroid-blocking-agent-radiation-emergencies, "43-2035 AdreView Panel PI 091908:Layout 1", https://web.archive.org/web/20111007202042/https://www.eanm.org/scientific_info/guidelines/gl_radio_ther_benzyl.pdf?PHPSESSID=46d05b62d235c36a12166bf939b656c7, "Guidelines for Iodine Prophylaxis following Nuclear Accidents", "Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid Blocking Agent in Radiation Emergencies", https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/radiation/emergencies/ki.htm, "POTASSIUM IODIDE - ORAL (SSKI) side effects, medical uses, and drug interactions", "Iodide as a Fluorescence Quencher and Promoter—Mechanisms and Possible Implications", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, "Iodide prophylaxis in Poland after the chernobyl reactor accident: Benefits and risks", "Vegetables near stricken plant test high for radiation", six questions about a half of million iodine pills, "REQUEST FOR INFORMATION:CRITICAL FOREIGN DEPENDENCIES", "Potassium Iodide Dosage Guidelines & Frequently Asked Questions", "Potassium Iodide: An Antidote for Radiation Exposure", "Oral potassium iodide for the treatment of sporotrichosis", "Successful therapy of refractory erythema nodosum associated with Crohn's disease using potassium iodide", World Health Organization's guidelines for iodine prophylaxis following a nuclear accident, Airborne radioactive particulate monitoring, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Potassium_iodide&oldid=991198726, World Health Organization essential medicines, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2012, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Wikipedia medicine articles ready to translate, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, iOSAT, SSKI, ThyroSafe, ThyroShield, others, Saturated solutions of potassium iodide can be an emergency treatment for, Iodide solutions made from a few drops of SSKI added to drinks have also been used as, Potassium iodide has been used for symptomatic treatment of.