Listen to your favorite song and make a list on a piece of paper of all the instruments and different vocal tracks. Because percussion instruments have high sound levels and are prone to extreme transients, often you might want to use a little compression just to keep these transients from eating up headroom in the mix. Now, on a scale of 1-10, give each track a volume level rating with 10 being the loudest instrument in the song. Sample settings would look like this: Adding compression to the snare drum is crucial if you want a tight, punchy sound. These are by no means fixed rules you must adhere to, but rather good starting points. This refers to the variance or difference between the loud parts and soft parts in a given sound. The only time you may want to use one is if an unnatural variation exists in levels due to poor playing (although its preferred to to ride the faders to even the levels instead of trying to fix the problem with compression). Listen to your favorite song and make a list on a piece of paper of all the instruments and different vocal tracks. For most hand drums, start with the following settings: Because percussion instruments have high sound levels and are prone to extreme transients, often you might want to use a little compression just to keep these transients from eating up headroom in the mix. Settings for effect can run the gamut; just dial in some settings and see what you get. This seems very confusing but it is because even though it is a -cc on the piston, those same cc's are gained in cylinder volume. All rights reserved. You don’t need much added gain. If you want to use a little compression to bring the guitar forward and give it some punch, try these settings: 1. They can be your best friend, but be careful as they're a double-edged sw… The kick drum responds well to a compressor when tracking. Not everyone's ethos on EQ is the same, and most people may never see eye to eye on EQ approach. Multiband compression is a lot more complicated than that. compression is “Dynamic Range Compression”…which still sounds like something we’d need a doctorate to understand, and so, in the doctoral spirit, let’s dissect it: first is the term “dynamic range”. You don’t need much, if any, added gain. In the chart which explains atack and release time, naming of *input and output signal* is inverted either in the text or in the chart. You don’t need much added gain. But on a more rhythmic instrument, such as drums, you should use a hard knee. Browse our selection of tutorials covering a range of topics from popular DAW tips, fundamental studio techniques, basic music theory tutorials, promoting your music, and making the most of your audio plugins. Now, on a scale of 1-10, give each track a volume level rating with 10 being the loudest instrument in the song. The following settings are common and versatile: Compression is usually a good idea with hand drums because the drum can produce unpredictable transients. Still, if you use a compressor, start with these settings: Gain: Adjust so that the output level matches the input level. You don’t need additional compression when you track the guitar unless you use a clean (undistorted) setting on your guitar. Even two of the same model will have slightly different characteristics. So use this chart as a jumping off point, but always use your mix as the ultimate reference for applying EQ. Following our generic EQ settings, we thought it would be nice to include a generic compressor settings table. Try starting with these figures, & then adjust things until it sounds right. Copyright © 2008-2020 Loopmasters. In this case, start with these mild settings: Gain: Adjust so that the output level matches the input level. Attack:25–30 ms 4. Often people only check the compression in solo, things can sound quite different once the sound is in place in the mix. Threshold:–1dB 2. You need a bit of added gain here. Compression Chart & Cheat Sheet Compressor: An audio processing device that reduces the dynamic range of a signal or in other words reduces the difference between the softest and loudest part of the signal. Again, there are no hard and fast rules or formulas that work in all situations. Compression can negatively affect the timbre of an instrument. The cc for the piston is entered as a positive number on a -cc Dish or Flat top piston and a negative number on a dome piston. 8 Tips For Using Panning Effectively In Your Mix, Writing For Strings - Tips For Creating Great Disco Strings, Audio Compressor Basics - Understanding What Compressors Do. Don't be afraid to experiment often, a horrendously compressed piece of audio can give a very dramatic effect. Now, I'm not saying to live in a strictly subtractive world; I do make boosts from time to time when needed or appropriate, but it's probably a 3:1 or 4:1 ratio of cuts to boosts. Always check the sound in context of the mix as well. This can be simply due to the type of compressor being used, but often it’s the difference in tone between the peaks and the troughs of an instrument (if you reduce the peaks relative to the troughs, the tone will change). This is your starting point for finding out how to get the most out of your Loopmasters samples. Gain:Adjust so that the output level matches the input level. An EQ cheat sheet, also called an instrument frequency chart or an audio frequency chart, is an infographic that displays the supposed frequency responses of every common instrument laid out across the frequency range of human hearing. Hundreds Of Plugins Exclusive Deals Leading Online Shop. First and foremost, decide if you even need compression and go from there. The sounds in your mix will always have their own context and characteristics. Generally, electric guitar sounds are pretty compressed. Always check the sound in context of the mix as well. People will usually use a higher compression ratio for parallel compression ranging from 4:1 to 10:1. These settings were originally posted here. Welcome to Loop+! That being said, I come from the camp that subtractive over additive tends to be better for your mix in most cases. It’s rare that a compressor is used on horns. The blue color represents the fundamental frequencies of each specific instrument while the reds signify their harmonics. Release:About 200 ms 5. Attack: 10–20 ms. Release: About 50 ms The slow attack is what gives the guitar a bit … The great thing about multiband compression is that you can target specific frequency ranges of instruments. Here are good starting points: Gain: Adjust so that the output level matches the input level. Because music compressors are used so frequently in home recording, it might be helpful for you to have some basic settings for various instruments to get you started. You're trying to figure out how loud each instrument and … You have a lot of choices with the snare. As with other acoustic instruments, you probably wont need to use compression on a piano unless you’re going for a specific effect or want to even out an erratic performance. Here are some basic settings by instrument that work well for VCA compressors. You're trying to figure out how loud each instrument and … Try starting with these figures, & then adjust things until it sounds right. We hope you enjoy. This instrument chart is just a starting point. Using compression to even an erratic piano performance takes a little more finesse. We often compress keys by 2dB to 3dB with a ratio of 2,5:1. Using a soft knee on vocals, piano and melodic instruments can make compression less obvious and more natural. Compression The compression on keys often sounds great with an attack time between 25 milliseconds and 60 milliseconds, and a release time between 50 milliseconds and 120 milliseconds. Often people only check the compression in solo, things can sound quite different once the sound is in place in the mix. Compression as with other FX, is very much a listening choice. Ratio:2:1–3:1 3. This is great when you have instruments that have a wide frequency range if you need to only compress certain aspects of that instrument. Dynamic Music Compression Settings for Horns, Piano, and Percussion, Popular Home Music Recording Software Programs, The Right Computer Setup for Home Recording. Compression as with other FX, is very much a listening choice. ... Equalizing, along with compression, is often the first step engineers take when they start their mix. Also, a quick note on the topic of high pass filters: use them. By mixing the level of the duplicate track back in with the original, it’s easy to strike a balance between a dynamic and a compressed signal.