We believe that this is where the fundamentals of Operating Model design, as defined by Ross, Weill and Robertson (see: "Enterprise Architecture as Strategy" (2006)), come into play. Physical - The physical is the actual implementation or ... you don't always need business process flows to be defined. For me a better approach is to use a complete Target Enterprise Architecture Model as the Target Operating Model. This report lays out the framework and uses enterprise architecture (EA) as an example to show how to implement the framework. It will describe the high level operating model and comprise elements from the Business Domains and Business Capabilities through to the Principles that will govern the business. Organization architects have an opportunity to improve operating model design by providing a framework and an associated design process. But most commonly, operating model … This process is described through this presentation from ABN Amro: Using Business Architecture to Realize Your Operating Model . The Target Enterprise Architecture Model will consist of a number of more specific models (viewpoints) grouped into a number of EA domains. The definition of an Operating Model is a powerful aspect of doing Enterprise Architecture. Most organisations try to bolt on an Operating Model for a new structure rather than think about what the ideal ‘way of working’ should be first. A new Operating Model may drive a change to the organisation (such as consolidated boards, or new groups). Target operating model Before addressing the value of an operating model, we must first acknowledge the potential for wide-spread confusion and disagreement: Poll any number of executives, and you’ll likely find yourself with as many definitions of operating model. Target Enterprise Architecture Model. Business Architecture can be then be utilized to expand this inital model to a detailed level of Enterprise Architecture, resulting in the ‘To Be’ design, the Target Operating Model.