Firstly being the Astrolabe, a hand held device used by, , bishop of Cyrene, wrote a letter describing his construction of an. Biography Hypatia of Alexandria was the first woman to make a substantial contribution to the development of mathematics. Firstly being the Astrolabe, a hand held device used by astronomers, navigators, and astrologers. Around 400 she became head of the Platonist school in Alexandria, where she taught wealthy young men (all her students were men) sent from faraway corners of the empire to receive the best education money could buy. From the little historical information about Hypatia that survives, it is surmised by some that she invented the plane astrolabe, the graduated brass hydrometer, and the hydroscope, with Synesius of Greece, who was her student and later colleague. It is said that she made significant contributions to maths. There is often confusion between the astrolabe and the mariner's astrolabe. John's version of her death is also that a mob -- for him justified because she "beguiled the people of the city and the prefect through her enchantments" -- stripped her naked and dragged her through the city until she died. how it all started was that Her student Synesius, bishop of Cyrene, wrote a letter describing his construction of an astrolabe. Hydrometers usually contain a scale inside the stem, so that the specific gravity can be read directly. No evidence has been found that Hypatia ever published any independent works on philosophy and she does not appear to have made any groundbreaking mathematical discoveries. Mainly in the areas of geometry. She was born around the year 370 AD to Theon of Alexandria; a Greek Scholar and mathematician himself. Theon wanted his daughter to receive a very complete scientific education, so she was educated in the Museum itself and became part of it until his death. Among Hypatia’s most influential disciples, perhaps Synesius of Cyrene was the most famous, and he also remains a credible source of much information gathered on Hypatia as a result of his letters, where he credits her for “creating an astrolabe and a planesphere”, which were astronomical device, created by Hypatia to be used as instruments for distilling water, for measuring the level of water, and for … Another invention that she created was the hydrometer which is an instrument used to measure the specific gravity (or relative density) of liquids; that is, the ratio of the density of the liquid to the density of water. Hypatia was the daughter of the mathematician and philosopher Theon of Alexandria and it is fairly certain that she studied mathematics under the guidance and instruction of her father. Hypatia was the daughter of Theon of Alexandria, himself a mathematician and astronomer and the last attested member of the Alexandrian Museum (see Researcher’s Note: Hypatia’s birth date).Theon is best remembered for the part he played in the preservation of Euclid’s Elements, but he also wrote extensively, commenting on Ptolemy’s Almagest and Handy Tables. She is a former faculty member of the Humanist Institute. His father, Theon of Alexandria, was an important philosopher and mathematician who devoted himself to research and to teaching in the Alexandria Museum. Hypatia invented 2 of her most important things. Hypatia is said to have dressed in the clothing of a scholar or teacher, rather than in women's clothing. He associated her with Satan and accused her of converting people away from Christianity. That burning happened primarily in Roman times. Like most educated people in the Eastern Mediterranean in late antiquity, Hypatia was a Greek speaker. Hypatia (pronounced hy-Pay-shuh) was born in the second half of the fourth century, most probably between the years 350-370 AD in the Greco-Roman city of Alexandria, Egypt. Jun 4, 2017 - Explore Rose Young's board "Hypatia - Amazing Woman", followed by 119 people on Pinterest. Hypatia of Alexandria was the last great Alexandrian mathematician and philosopher. Hypatia was the daughter of Theon of Alexandria who was a teacher of mathematics with the Museum of Alexandria in Egypt. The point at which the surface of the liquid touches the stem of the hydrometer is noted. Awesome Inc. theme. A center of Greek intellectual and cultural life, the Museum included many independent schools and the great library of Alexandria. He sought to raise the perfect person, and achieved this goal, as is evident in ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. It has also b… Hypatia's students fled to Athens, where the study of mathematics flourished after that. She was credited by the surviving sources as having political influence in the city, especially with Orestes, the Roman governor of Alexandria. While the astrolabe could be useful for determining latitude on land, it was an awkward instrument for use on the heaving deck of a ship or in wind. The mathematician and philosopher Hypatia of Alexandria was the daughter of the mathematician Theon Alexandricus (c. 335 – c. 405). Hypatia was the daughter of Theon of Alexandria who was a teacher of mathematics with the Museum of Alexandria in Egypt. Around AD 400, she became head of the Platonist school at Alexandria, where she imparted the knowledge of Plato and Aristotle to students, including pagans, Christians, and foreigners. A center of Greek intellectual and cultural life, the Museum included many independent schools and the great library of Alexandria . See more ideas about hypatia, amazing women, alexandria. John of Nikiu accuses Orestes of inflaming the Jews against the Christians, also telling a story of the mass killing of Christians by Jews, followed by Cyril purging the Jews from Alexandria and converting the synagogues to churches. According to Scholasticus, an order of Orestes to control Jewish celebrations met with approval by Christians, then to violence between the Christians and the Jews. Her name means ‘supreme.’ We do not know what she looked like. She moved about freely, driving her own chariot, contrary to the norm for women's public behavior. Hypatia studied with her father, and with many others including Plutarch the Younger. Hydrometers may be calibrated for different uses, such as a lactometer for measuring the density (creaminess) of milk, a saccharometer for measuring the density of sugar in a liquid, or an alcoholometer for measuring higher levels of alcohol in spirits. Hypatia was the daughter of the mathematician and philosopher Theon of Alexandria and it is fairly certain that she studied mathematics under the guidance and instruction of her father. Hypatia lived in Alexandria when Christianity started to dominate over the other religions. The story by Socrates Scholasticus written soon after Hypatia's death and the version written by John of Nikiu of Egypt more than 200 years later disagree in considerable detail, although both were written by Christians. Hypatia was a popular lecturer, drawing students from many parts of the empire. and Hypatia's father had gained fame for his treatise on the subject. During Hypatia's time period, scholars preserved classical mathematical works and commented on them to develop their arguments, rather than publishing original works. A hydrometer is usually made of glass and consists of a cylindrical stem and a bulb weighted with mercury or lead shot to make it float upright. Cyril, a leader among the Christians, and Orestes, the civil governor, opposed each other. Hypatia (born c. 350–370; died 415) was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician, who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, then part of the Eastern Roman Empire.She was a prominent thinker of the Neoplatonic school in Alexandria where she taught philosophy and astronomy. We know her writings today through the works of others who quoted her -- even if unfavorably -- and a few letters written to her by contemporaries. There is no data about her mother. The Neoplatonic school she headed continued in Alexandria until the Arabs invaded in 642. In both, Hypatia's death was a result of a conflict between the Orestes and Cyril, later made a saint of the church. Earlier astrolabes predate that of Synesius by at least a century. But it is possible that it really is a newer edition of another book on maths tables by Ptolemy. She was the first historically acknowledged woman mathematician. Hypatia enters the story as someone associated with Orestes and suspected by the angry Christians of advising Orestes not to reconcile with Cyril. They dragged her from her chariot, stripped her, killed her, stripped her flesh from her bones, scattered her body parts through the streets, and burned some remaining parts of her body in the library of Caesareum.