Growing Pistachio Tree from seed . Continue watering once a week during the growing season, backing off to once every two or three weeks in winter. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Although pistachio trees are long living, with a large tap root, and can grow to 20-30 feet, seedlings can be grown in containers for the first three to five years and then transplanted into the garden. References. You can also buy grafted saplings rather than taking the time to germinate seeds. Besides, in order to harvest pistachios, we have to plant at the same yard at least one male and one female pistachio tree, so that the pollen can travel through the wind from the male tree to the female tree. If you have the patience, it’s possible to grow your own pistachios. Cashew trees need to grow in certain climates, but you can also grow cashews indoors. The earliest reference to it being grown for food is in the work of the Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder, who wrote that pistachios had been cultivated since 6,750 BC and farmed in Italy since 35 AD. Pistachios will only grow in the Southwest where the summers are long, hot and arid and the winters cool. This is normal. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Set the potted pistachio in full sun, outdoors on a patio or lanai. Pistachio trees (Pistacia vera l.) grow best in climates with hot, dry summers followed by cool, but not cold, winters. Then, transfer the plants into bigger pots as they grow. To grow pistachios, start by lining a plastic baggie with a damp paper towel and adding 5 raw pistachio seeds to the bag before sealing it. Pistachios are tap root trees, so they need deep soil (7 or more feet). Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 42,593 times. This growth is sprouting from below the graft, and it all needs to be removed. If you purchase a grafted sapling or a cutting, you can determine the sex of your tree by the sex of the parent tree. Keep the plastic baggie at room temperature, in a location where it won’t be disturbed by children or pets. Once the seeds start to sprout, remove them from the bag and plant them in a plastic cup filled with damp soil. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Pistachios are also self-incompatible. Pistachios develop a long tap root and they need deep, well-drained soil to survive. If you can grow a variety of plants at home, then you can easily grow cashews indoors. Press the soil around the roots with your fingers to close air spaces that can dry them out. Water the seedling until water drains freely from the bottom of the container. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. Take care that the center root hangs straight down. A male and a female tree will need to be planted to produce nuts. Is it typical for a small forest of Pistachio trees to still not produce nuts after eight years of growth? Once you’ve put the seeds in, you should be ready to wait at least a week for the seeds to germinate. The pistachio tree is originally from the Middle East and Central Asia, but its now been cultivated in many other places including China, India, Italy and the USA. The trees are quite hardy and will happily tolerate poor soils, provided they are planted deep enough to accommodate their lengthy taproot. During cold winters, pistachio trees also have a period of dormancy. It takes a long time for pistachio trees to bear fruit, meaning they’re a significant time and money investment. For tips from our Horticulture co-author on how to harvest pistachios from your trees, read on! To grow pistachio trees, purchase a young male and young female grafted tree from a nursery. Put a 2-inch layer of river rock or gravel in the bottom. In the garden or orchar… If you have a lot of trees to harvest, you may want to consider using mechanical agitators. So its a little picky about its temperature requirements. The poorer the soil, the closer the trees are planted together. Set the potted pistachio in full sun, outdoors on a patio or lanai. Only allow growth from above the graft, as this will be the true tree and will maintain its strength and health. Then, transfer the plants into bigger pots as they grow. There are several different types of pistachio plants, but only Pistacia vera is grown commercially. Unlock this expert answer by supporting wikiHow, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3J9hEaChwFM, https://www.thetreecenter.com/how-do-pistachios-grow/, https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/Uzbek-Pistachio-Tree.htm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. 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