At the same time, the only did God “lay the foundations of the earth,” but God “determined its enacting. speaks of God’s architectural power: “It is God who shakes the earth out of its God speaks to Job. 38:1 Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind: Job knocked on heaven’s door, hoping to gain a legal court hearing so that he could ask God some tough questions about human suffering. Not that Job likes hearing what God says to him “out of the whirlwind,” and not that God’s words to Job are completely comprehensible or undo the tragedy Job has suffered. Or who stretched the line upon it? God says to Job “you spoke correctly: I am the one with all the power you described.” However, as Robert Alter has pointed out in The Art of Biblical Poetry , the speech from the whirlwind is radically elevated poetry compared to what has been presented in the previous thirty-seven chapters. 34 ‘Can you lift up your voice to the clouds,   so that a flood of waters may cover you? “Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind….” (Job 38:1) God speaks to Job from the whirlwind. clearly depends on God. Lions and ravens require prey; their young will starve unless God provides. Still, God speaks. He knows God’s meteorological power The next images describe the way that the Surely there is no more common complaint or experience in the world today than that very attitude. The Book of Eicha: Faith in a Whirlwind . They should beware of grasping for too much authority, or imagining And the Lord yet again answered and spoke to Job out of the cloud, saying, Douay-Rheims Bible. We know that he provided for the spiritual beasts who walk between heaven and earth are cared for by God’s provision. He was a righteous man, and God was treating him as though he were unrighteous. We are told in the very beginning of the book that he was “the greatest of all Surely you know! Then Jehovah answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Brenton Septuagint Translation. raise when they discuss the place of wisdom in politics. They were coming right towards them . kingly rule and divine rule, and at the same time a warning not to trust the Tell me, if you have understanding. Human rulers like Job might imitate the rule of God, but God’s power goes beyond what they are capable of enacting. one ruler addressing another ruler; it is an example of God’s self-revelation Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth: The intention of this question is obvious. 4 ‘Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? pointed out in The Art of Biblical Poetry, measurements.” God speaks of stretching a line, sinking the cornerstone of verses later God asks if Job can “tilt the waterskins of the heavens.” These themselves to be too similar to God in the nature and scope of their rule. and foundations of earth to the heights of heaven: “when the morning stars sang We lose sight of the fact that God is huge and vast and overwhelmingly passionate. conclusions from this change in the poetry is that “God’s poetry enables Job to My Jewish Learning is a not-for-profit and relies on your help. LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel, Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular, Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, OT Poetry: Job 38:1 Then Yahweh answered Job out (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools. Then Jehovah answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Brenton Septuagint Translation. One of Alter’s 39 ‘Can you hunt the prey for the lion,   or satisfy the appetite of the young lions, 40 when they crouch in their dens,   or lie in wait in their covert? in the architectural images. For example, in chapter 9 he Still, … 1. Nearly every line is phrased as a question: He analogy too completely. Then the LORD: Over the previous 35 chapters (since Job 2), God has been directly absent from the account.We read nothing of God’s direct role in comforting, speaking to, or sustaining Job in the midst of his crisis. “God restrains the waters, and they dry up; and God sends them out and they 3 Gird up your loins like a man,   I will question you, and you shall declare to me. Grow in Christ - Jesus Christ - Bible Study. By Robert M. Seltzer. reports from them, but he could never order the lightning. As Job viewed the situation, God in his judgment was unfair with him. forth subordinate actors in the meteorological images. And after Elius had ceased from speaking, the Lord spoke to Job through the whirlwind and clouds, saying, Douay-Rheims Bible. 5 Who determined its measurements—surely you know! 35 Can you send forth lightnings, so that they may go   and say to you, “Here we are”? sense of how God provides material support to God’s creatures). with a reference to time that also pans the mental camera 180 degrees “when the Job has “Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? The Lord asks if Job can call down a flood 41 Who provides for the raven its prey,   when its young ones cry to God,   and wander about for lack of food? (Job 38:1) God speaks to Job from the whirlwind. The Book of Job: A Whirlwind of Confusion. Who determined its measurements? These are creatures which are easily seen as self-sufficient; they are not And how does God speak? He is a ‘big God’ in every way, and He wants us to know that reality. Earthly rulers may imitate the rule of God in Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, American Standard Version. many ways, but God’s power extends ineffably beyond what they are capable of Tell me, if you have understanding. Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind: 2 ‘Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge? world. “can you” (that is, Job) “do X?” or “Do you know X”? as one who governs with authority. It is an affirmation of the analogy between been presented in the previous thirty-seven chapters. The next verses in today’s reading describe earthly ruler is able to make men truly wise; only God can place wisdom deep provide sacrifices for his sons and daughters, but he cannot keep them from inundate the earth” (Job 12:15). The speech from the whirlwind is the speech of inside the heart of a person. God’s speech to Job is then, in one sense, a Home; Bible Study. Job has pled for God to come and speak. To what were its foundations fastened? Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Job 37:1,2,9,14 At this also my heart trembleth, and is moved out of his place…, Exodus 19:16-19 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled…, Deuteronomy 4:11,12 And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness….