Across all species, the tightness of the grain is determined by the growing conditions of the tree. In Northern Appalachia and the forests of Missouri and Kentucky, White Oak tends to contain a higher percentage of Q. bicolor and Q. macrocarpa. • More stable raw material suitable for Australia’s harsh climate. We have a full-time sample department that can fulfill requests with a reasonable production time. Sign up to get the latest on sales, new releases and more …. The most common is Plain Sawn, also referred to as Flat Cut, which showcases a traditional Cathedral grain pattern. The higher tannin content makes European Oak more durable (rot-resistant), which is why it was the preferred wood for ship-building throughout European history. Even within Western Europe, tannin variation in the Oak caused by different species mixtures can be extremely localized. Although it might not… The fact that Q. robur is wider-grained but also more dense seems to be a contradiction - see below under ‘TIGHTNESS OF GRAIN & DENSITY’ for an explanation of why this is the case. Some producers use only French … Some of the Oak that is sold as 'European Oak' is actually from the Russian Far East and consists mainly of Q. mongolica, a species that doesn't grow in Europe at all and has very different characteristics from true European Oak. We hope you get as much benefit from it as his clients do. Specifically regarding Rift cut, Woodwright has been sourcing “Rift Only” White Oak for years because our clientele love and request it often. In North America, genetics play less of a role in tannin content, as the tannin content among the various species of the White Oak group is similarly low. French Oak Superiority over Eastern European Oak, American White Oak and Chinese Honey Oak: • Higher tannin content for reactive stains fuming and ageing. Other species that may be sold as ‘White Oak’ include Q. prinus, Q. bicolor, Q. mueh. Differences between European Oak and White Oak include: Both European Oak and White Oak feature significant variations in color and grain caused by a variety of factors. Botanically, European Oak and White Oak both belong to the genus Quercus, which contains over 300 species, but they are composed of completely different groupings of species within that genus. Other European Oak species of lesser significance include: Q. afares, Q. macranthera, Q. longipes, Q. imeretina, Q. iberica, Q. pedunculiflora, Q. lamugnosa, Q. farnetto, and Q. mirbeckii. A slower rate of growth (tighter grain) is characterized by a greater proportion of spring wood and a smaller proportion of summer wood. In Oaks, the spring growth consists of large open vessels, whereas in summer growth, the pores are relatively small. EUROPEAN OAK VS. WHITE OAK The majority of Monarch Plank’s products (and 100% of our Oak products) are made with European Oak. Within a particular species, localized soil quality and the individual tree’s access to water and sunlight impact the tree’s growth rate, which plays a role in determining tannin content. Yes, you read that correctly, all three cuts in one plank! In many areas these species grow side-by-side and easily hybridize. Most White Oak lumber sold in North America contains some percentage of Q. alba, and that percentage can be close to 100% in some forests in the Great Lakes region, resulting in greater color & grain uniformity. Illegal logging is a problem throughout Russia, but particularly in the Russian Far East, where harvesting of Oak and other species on a massive scale is reducing the last remaining habitat of the endangered Siberian Tiger. French Oak Superiority over Eastern European Oak, American White Oak and Chinese Honey Oak: • Higher tannin content for reactive stains fuming and ageing. {see below: EUROPEAN OAK vs. RUSSIAN OAK ] Illegal harvesting of Q. mongolica in protected areas of the Russian Far East has also been one of the major drivers of habitat loss affecting the endangered Siberian Tiger. Through Rick’s experience in lumber sales then eventually wood flooring, he has become a leading authority on wood flooring specie. The first Rioja at the tasting was aged for 17 months in 100% new French oak with a Medium Plus toast. The large open pores of the spring growth contain more tannin than the smaller pores of summer growth. Its presence in our daily lives goes unnoticed to most, yet it is everywhere. Also, Q. mongolica has been overharvested, often through illegal logging, and is now a protected tree species under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). Most of the Oak being harvested in the Russian Far East is processed in factories in China and sold in the United States, where it is usually labeled as ‘European Oak.’, In general, European Oak has roughly double the tannin content of American White Oak. Oak trees grow in forests throughout France, and each region offering its own nuances. In general, Q. robur occurs more frequently in the forests of Western Europe, particularly in France. As you move East into Germany and eventually Eastern Europe,  Q. robur becomes less common. Monarch Plank takes great care to source its wood with the utmost environmental responsibly. • Tighter grain structure producing a more dense timber suitable for flooring. American Oak Flooring Compared To European Oak Flooring As a wood species, oak is one of the toughest options available, making it a really popular choice for both furniture and flooring. The main forests, mostly located in central France, are Allier, Limousin, Nevers, Tronçais and Vosges, and each is … All other things being equal, trees that grow farther north and therefore more slowly will have higher tannin content than comparable wood from further south. The majority of Monarch Plank’s products (and 100% of our Oak products) are made with European Oak. That being said, in European Oak, genetic differences among species play a much larger role in determining tannin content than does the latitude of the forest or the growth rate of the trees. A different mix of species means that Oak from Western Europe tends to have higher tannin content than Oak from Eastern Europe and the Russian Far East, despite the colder climate. Designers and Architects who specify wood flooring, veneers, cabinetry or millwork on projects are intimately familiar with Oak. Nomarl length and width for European Oak flooring: 1900x190mm / 2200x220mm / 2200x260mm / 2200x300mm European Oak. Oak from Russia, especially the Far East, usually features black veining running parallel to the grain, a characteristic of American White Oak whose absence in true European Oak is one of the things that makes it so attractive. The French Oak is processed and qualified according to the strict norms of the FNB; they have classification rules and specific drying methods whereas the European Oak comes from any Oak, anywhere in Europe the age and species of the Oak do not matter, as long as it is Oak … Q. sessilis is tall and slender, with fewer low branches and consequently fewer knots. Within a particular species, localized soil quality and the individual tree’s access to water and sunlight impact the tree’s growth rate, which plays a role in determining tannin content. So, in a slow growing Oak tree, due to the higher proportion of large, open, hollow vessels, the wood is less dense. Wood from a fast-growing Oak tree (wider grain) will be more dense. All of our European Oak comes from selectively harvested forestry operations in countries where forestry laws are strict AND are strictly enforced. lenbergi, Q. stellata, Q. macrocarpa, Q. Iyrata, and Q. durandii. The Europeans have a technique that involves taking a “square” from the center of a log, called a cant, and slicing it straight through. Due to its proximity to China, a major wood flooring manufacturing center, this Q. mongolica is actually what's being used in many of the products now being sold mistakenly as 'European Oak.' That’s one of the reasons French Oak is considered special and is so prized by wine, furniture and flooring manufacturers.