What was the "X-factor," the magic ingredient of culture—the element that took humans out of the general run of mammals and other highly social organisms? There will be much discussion about the topics covered, and even those of us who disagree about parts will feel that we have benefited from the whole. Conceptual Tools for a Naturalistic Approach to Cultural Evolution. Cultural Evolution — part 1/3: competition, cooperation, and the human tendency to copy others without knowing it! Professor of Psychology, Durham University, UK. PDF (164.4 KB) 9. MIT Press Direct is a distinctive collection of influential MIT Press books curated for scholars and libraries worldwide. Introduction: The Evolution of Culture in a Microcosm, 3. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy, Florida State University. Cultural evolution, also called sociocultural evolution, the development of one or more cultures from simpler to more complex forms. From Typo to Thinko: When Evolution Graduated to Semantic Norms. Today we publish over 30 titles in the arts and humanities, social sciences, and science and technology. The twelve original essays collected in this volume take an evolutionary perspective on human culture, examining the emergence of culture in evolution and the underlying role of brain and cognition. Daniel Dennett. The prima-facie case for cultural evolutionary theories is irresistible. Cultural evolution is the change of this information over time. cultural evolution; mathematical models; gene–culture coevolution; niche construction; demography; Human culture encompasses ideas, behaviors, and artifacts that can be learned and transmitted between individuals and can change over time ().This process of transmission and change is reminiscent of Darwin’s principle of descent with modification through natural selection, and Darwin … It looks not only at issues concerning our evolutionary past, but also those relating to our social life today. CULTURE DEFINED A complex whole which encompasses beliefs, practices, values, attitudes, laws, norms, artifacts, symbols, knowledge and everything that a person learns and shares as a member of a society (Tylor, 2010) They go beyond the "how"—the questions of behavioral mechanisms—to address the "why"—the evolutionary origin of our psychological functioning. Until Johannes Gutenberg’s 15th-century invention of the movable type printing press, books were painstakingly handwritten and no two copies were exactly the same. The essay authors, all internationally prominent researchers in their fields, draw on the cognitive sciences—including linguistics, developmental psychology, and cognition—to develop conceptual and methodological tools for understanding the interaction of culture and genome. Dan Sperber. Conceptual Tools for a Naturalistic Approach to Cultural Evolution, 8. It has since been understood as a multilinear phenomenon that describes the evolution of individual cultures or … The culture-historical approach is based on the Kulturkreis movement, an idea developed in Germany and Austria in the late 1800s. ... A Brief History of Mass Media and Culture. Kulturkreis is sometimes spelled Kulturkreise and transliterated as "culture circle", but means in English something along the lines of "cultural complex". Biological and cultural processes have evolved together, in a symbiotic spiral; they are now indissolubly linked, with human survival unlikely without such culturally produced aids as clothing, cooked food, and tools. The X-factor, these essays suggest, is a set of cognitive adaptations for culture. Biological and cultural processes have evolved together, in a symbiotic spiral; they are now indissolubly linked, with human survival unlikely without such culturally produced aids as clothing, cooked food, and tools. PDF (188.4 KB) Brain, Cognition, and Evolution. The X-factor, these essays suggest, is a set of cognitive adaptations for culture. Cultural capacities as adaptations: Culture, cultural transmission, and cultural evolution arise from genetically evolved psychological adaptations for acquiring ideas, beliefs, values, practices, mental models, and strategies from other individuals by observation and inference. If we define culture as "information capable of affecting individuals' behavior that they acquire from other members of their species through teaching, imitation and other forms of social transmission,” cultural evolution is fundamentally just the change of culture over time. Kulturkreis and Social Evolution . The twelve original essays collected in this volume take an evolutionary perspective on human culture, examining the emergence of culture in evolution and the underlying role of brain and cognition. HUMAN EVOLUTION AND CULTURE Presented by DIEGO C. POMARCA JR. SHS Teacher 2. 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