For example: Je ne le vois jamais. For example: Je n’ai aucune idée! (I have absolutely no idea!  French-English dictionary For example: Ils n’ont pas de chien. In the passé composé, the second negative words personne (no one), nulle part (nowhere), ni (neither/nor), and aucun (none) + noun go after the past participle, not before. a "total negation" is being expressed. Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + aller +infinitive + personne/nulle part/ni/aucun. Je ne mange pas ce soir. The most basic way to make a sentence negative in French is to place ne before the verb and pas after it. (Don’t do that! For example, Il n’a pas voyagé. English with n't: I won't..., I don't..., I don’t eat tonight. She currently teaches French at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas. For example: Rien n’est important (Nothing is important) and Personne ne fait la vaisselle (Nobody does the dishes). All of the verbs used are Pas can be replaced by other negative words, such as jamais (never), personne (no one), and rien (nothing). French negative sentence at the present tense When you create a negative sentence at the present tense, you can easily use the ne + verb + pas formula.  English-French dictionary, Suggest a change / proposez une modification. ), In a sentence with an object pronoun, like it, him, or her, the placement of ne changes like this: subject + ne + pronoun + verb + pas. Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + conjugated form of être or avoir + past participle + personne/nulle part/ni/aucun. (You’re not going to take any medication.) In that case, start the sentence with either one of those words and proceed regularly with ne in front of the conjugated verb. The French adverb has two parts: ne, which precedes the verb, and pas (or another word or phrase, see below), which follows it. ), In a negative command, ne and pas surround the verb, regardless of the absence of subject in the sentence. other types of negative sentences: French grammar index For verbs in the passé composé (present perfect), keep in mind that the conjugated verb is the auxiliary être (to be) or avoir (to have), not the past participle! Here’s what else you need to know in order to make a French sentence negative: (They don’t have a dog. ), If a verb is followed by a preposition, as in jouer avec (to play with), the placement of pas/second negative changes like this: subject + ne + verb + preposition + pas/second negative. This summary of the different kinds of negation and negation-related grammatical structures should help clear up some of the confusion. For example: Vous n’allez rien faire ce weekend. Like English, double negatives are not used in French; however, in French, a negative is generally made up of two parts, which must be placed properly. For example: Il ne joue avec personne. This allows us to say in French that something "didn't happen in the past". That is, the equivalent of sentences in For example: Ne fais pas ça! Making sentences negative in French is a bit more complicated than in English. (He plays with no one.). The most common negative construction in French is ne + verb + pas, … Here’s the formula: Rien or Personne + ne + verb. In the futur proche, the negative words personne, nulle part, ni, and aucun go after the infinitive, not before. For verbs in the futur proche (near future), keep in mind that the conjugated verb is aller (to go), so you place the two negative words around it, like you do with a regular negative. Negative sentences in French On this page, we'll look at how to form negative sentences in French where a "total negation" is being expressed. If you’re new to French and looking for information on how to form negative sentences you’ve come to the right place. regular. (We saw no one.) I didn't... etc. The basic way to form a negative sentence in French is as follows: We'll see various complications later, but here are some examples with (He didn’t travel.) Rien (nothing) and personne (nobody) can sometimes be the subject of the verb, like in English. This is referred to some French teachers as a ne pas sandwich. How to Conjugate Irregular –ir French Verbs, How to Form a Question in French Using Inversion. ), Use aucun/aucune (absolutely no/none whatsoever) as the second negative word in a sentence to insist on the zero quantity. Fortunately for us French learners forming a negative sentence is actually pretty easy.At its most basic level you just have to add the word “ne” before your verb and “pas” after your verb. Ne stays in the same place. For example: Nous n’avons vu personne. 2. (I never see him. This is not the case in French: if … Véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the author of two successful grammar books. (You don’t play. If you prefer, you may want to revise the put ne...pas round the verb as indicated, plus make sure present tense of -er verbs That is, the equivalent of sentences in English with n't: I won't..., I don't..., I didn't... etc. For example: Tu ne vas prendre aucun médicament. the present tense: If the verb begins with a vowel, then ne shortens to n': You can practise some simple negative sentences below. using the negative of the perfect tense. The title of each negation category links to a detailed lesson with examples of usage and a quiz. verbs and expressions: To form the negative sentences using these expressions, you need to