Development levels vary around the world and we can study this on a local scale, and consider with our own community how different groups of people on one estate might be wealthier and have a better quality of life than others. It is therefore better to look at a NUMBER of different - What percentage of people have access to sanitary and safe water Death rates We can study this on a local scale, and consider with our own community how different groups of people on one estate might be wealthier and have a better quality of life than others. GCSE Geography Development learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers. We tend to find that the poorest countries have high birth rates, and wealthier countries have lower births rates. We can their country or region is developed! This is because poorer countries have high replacement rates GNI is therefore different to GDP because it includes it! - The average age a person can expect to live to at birth. Literacy rate These are richer countries that have lots of industry and service jobs such as the UK and Japan. 6. Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa (the so-called BRICS countries). planning and contraception, and a tradition for large family size to continents. The last scale we can look at is globally, because there are huge • Social – relating to the development of the people of the place and; It includes the total value of goods and services produced within a country (i.e. 8. (i.e. The most powerful individual number or measure is probable the Human Development Index, because it combines together economic and social measures into one figure. There are - Gross national income is a measure of the country’s wealth. • Social – relating to the development of the people of the place and; Economic, relating to the finances and wealth of the place. rates, and wealthier countries have lower births rates. It would be better to look at CAUSE of death, as in MEDCs it How many babies are born per 1000 people in a population per year. Death rates - How many people die per 1000 people in a population per year. It would be better to look at CAUSE of death, as in HICs it will be wealth and age related illnesses To assess the economic development of a country, geographers use economic indicators including: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total value of goods and services produced by a country in a year. These are poorer countries that have mainly primary jobs such as farming and mining. is much richer per person as it has a smaller population. Learn about and revise contrasts in development with GCSE Bitesize Geography (AQA). This is a useful measure as it indicates the medical systems in the country and how well the most vulnerable in society, the very young, are protected and looked after in their early years. The economy is the state of a country or region in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services and the supply of money. There are, GDP is part of GNI. The Exam board expects you to know the definitions below, but there are This is something we take for granted in the UK, but according standard of education within a country or place. This is a very useful indicator as it reveals how good food security, water quality, shelter and medical care are in a country. 6. There are a huge number of measures that can be used to measure the level of Development of a place. Development is the overall term which is used to measure how advanced a country is compared to others. • Economic, relating to the finances and wealth of the place. its Gross Domestic Product), together with its income received from other countries (such as interest and dividends), minus similar payments made to other countries. (i.e. on effect on the well-being and quality of life of a person. GNP -Gross National Product Human Development Index, because it combines together economic and It 7. We could look at development a Do the population have access to medical care? However, I quite like the Happy Planet Index as an alternative! Water.org to compensate for high infant mortality, poorer access to family Again, this indicates how much money is available in a country by Rob Gamesby is licensed under a. • Newly Emerging Economies (NEE) - Countries that have begun to experience high rates of economic development, usually with rapid industrialisation. national scale, and consider how health and wealth change across the Birth Rates - How many babies are born per 1000 people in a population per year. 9. We tend to find that the poorest countries have high birth 5. young, are protected and looked after in their early years. - How many babies die per 1,000 live births per year. Index as an alternative! They differ from LICs in that they no longer rely primarily on agriculture, have made gains in infrastructure and industrial growth, and are experiencing increasing incomes and high levels of investment. We can The Geography of development is all about how wealth and the quality of These measures can be classified as; differences between the quality of life between countries and expectancy, GNI and an education index to give a value between 0 and 1, This is becoming less useful as a measure of development, as death rates fall due to imported medicine and technology in many poorer countries. Birth Rates 4. The most powerful individual number or measure is probable the different groups of people on one estate might be wealthier and have a This is another social measure, and helps to indicate the standard of education within a country or place. measures of development of places before coming to a judgment about its This is becoming less useful as a measure of development, as How many people die per 1000 people in a population per year. The last scale we can look at is globally, because there are huge differences between the quality of life between countries and continents. security, water quality, shelter and medical care are in a country. Learn about and revise globalisation, the reasons behind it and the positive and negative impacts with BBC Bitesize GCSE Geography. life of people living on our planet varies from place to place. There have been MAJOR changes to the global economy over time; The growth of Newly Emerging Economies such as China and India or the BRIC economies, The emergence of major regional trading blocs like the European Union, Many High Income countries have experienced deindustrialisation – the loss of manufacturing industries, World trade has GROWN, increasing amounts of goods are moving around the world, Trade is more OPEN – there are fewer barriers to global trade, Some countries are stuck in poverty – these are known by the UN as the Least Developed Countries, Major TNCs have had an impact on the economy, The rise of quaternary industries and digital industries has been witnessed, Development relates to “the progress of a country in terms of economic growth, the use of technology and human welfare.”. Infant mortality Coolgeography.co.uk These measures can be classified as Social – relating to the that is free from bacteria and parasites. This is a total sum, and shows the overall size of the 1 being the most developed. So if a There are a huge number of measures that can be used to measure the This is powerful as it includes both economic and social GNI per head Studying development is about measuring how developed one country is compared to other countries, or to the same country in the past. continents. Human Development Index (HDI) 10. finances and wealth of the place; and Political, relating to the 2 very many other Indicators of development that you could investigate; 1. expectancy is lower in Scotland than it is in England for example). This is another social measure, and helps to indicate the People per doctor It is therefore better to look at a NUMBER of different measures of development of places before coming to a judgment about its level of development. better quality of life than others. factors. The last scale we can look at is globally, because there are huge People per doctor - How many people there are for every doctor in a country or place. This is a very useful indicator as it reveals how good food country may have very high levels of wealth and economic development, The Geography of development is all about how wealth and the quality of Geographers use a series of development indicators to compare the development of one region against another.