In the breeding season, adults have fine white flecks on the head and neck and the green tinge becomes more bronze. Photo: Wentworth Falls, Blue Mountains NSW. Little Black Cormorant (Phalacrocorax sulcirostris) bird calls on dibird.com. [2] It is a predominantly freshwater species, found in bodies of water inland and occasionally sheltered coastal areas. It is common in smaller rivers and lakes throughout most areas of Australia and northern New Zealand, where it is known as the Little Black Shag. Like other cormorants, it is often found perched on a … The eggs are covered with a thin layer of lime, giving them a matte white coated appearance. It is common in smaller rivers and lakes throughout most areas of Australia and northern New Zealand, where it is known as the little black shag. In the breeding season, adults have fine white flecks on the head and neck and the green tinge becomes more bronze. Breeding in … Slightly smaller than the Indian cormorant it lacks a peaked head and has a shorter beak. The nest is a small platform built of dried branches and sticks in the forks of trees that are standing in water. This species congregates in larger flocks than other cormorants and flies in V-shaped formations. The Little Black Cormorant's favoured habitats of deep open waters and estuaries have been less affected by drainage, but some breeding areas are threatened by increased salinity, grazing, land-clearing and more frequent burning. The Little Black Cormorant is one of only two totally black cormorants in Australia, with the other being the much larger (70 cm - 90 cm)Great Cormorant, P. carbo, which has a yellow bill, face and throat and a white chin. 1. raven), Field guide to the birds of Australia, 6th Edition. Part B. It is widely distributed across the Indian Subcontinentand extends east to Java, where it is sometimes called the Javanese cormorant. The Little Black Cormorant is not really that little, but it is smaller than the great cormorant which looks almost the same except for white patches on its cheek and the side of its hips, and some yellow under its eye. The common name in New Zealand is the little black shag. They become increasingly stained with faeces, as does the nest, over the duration of the breeding season. The underparts are a uniform glossy black. It catches prey underwater, by diving and swimming using its large, fully webbed feet for propulsion. In Birds of the … Vol. As their feathers are not waterproof, cormorants are regularly seen perched with their wings outstretched to dry after fishing. [3] In breeding season, white feathers appear irregularly about the head and neck, with a whitish eyebrow evident. It is around sixty centimetres long, and is all black with blue-green eyes. It forages singly or sometimes in loose groups in lowland freshwater bodies, including small ponds, large lakes, streams and sometimes coastal estuaries. [3], Breeding occurs once a year in spring or autumn in southern Australia, and before or after the monsoon in tropical regions. Little Black Cormorant can breed at any time in the year, according to weather conditions and food resources. The Great Cormorant also flies more often in long lines than in V-shaped formations. Photo: Wentworth Falls, Blue Mountains NSW This species congregates in larger flocks than other cormorants and flies in V-shaped formations. [4] Males and females are identical in plumage. It is almost always encountered in or near water. The little black cormorant was originally described by Johann Friedrich von Brandt in 1837. Are there any distinctive features about the bird? Groups sometimes fly in V formations. The Little Black Cormorant nests colonially, often on the fringes of heron or ibis colonies, building large stick nests in the fork of a tree or on the ground. This species congregates in larger flocks than other cormorants and flies in V-shaped formations. Little Black Cormorant’s nest is placed in fork of trees, usually over water, but also lower in bushes. It is strongly aquatic, seldom being seen on dry land, but is often seen resting on rocks, jetties and other perches in water. : Medium to large (45 cm to 60 cm e.g. [2], The little black cormorant is a small cormorant measuring 60–65 cm (23.5–25.5 in) with all black plumage. It has special nictitating membranes that cover and protect the eyes underwater. It is around sixty centimetres long, and is all black … Small all-black cormorant with green eyes. Little Black Cormorants may be distinguished from Great Cormorants, the other all black cormorant species in South Australia, by their small size, proportionately longer tail, thin bill and absence of coloured skin about the face. The Little Black Cormorant feeds on fish, crustaceans and aquatic insects. The back has a greenish sheen. [3], The little black cormorant feeds mainly on fish, and eats a higher proportion of fish than the frequently co-occurring little pied cormorant, which eats more decapods. The little black cormorant (Phalacrocorax sulcirostris) is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds.It is common in smaller rivers and lakes throughout most areas of Australia and northern New Zealand, where it is known as the little black shag.It is around sixty centimetres long, and is all black … The little black cormorant (Phalacrocorax sulcirostris) is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds. The iris of the adult is green and the juvenile brown. Nomadic, leaving coastal habitats when inland waters are plentiful. Near-frontal view of a Little Black Cormorant in breeding plumage; note the characteristic turquoise-blue eyes and the short white nuptial plumes on the head (photo courtesy of R. Plumtree) [Doctors Flat Road, Ensay South, East Gippsland, VIC, December 2014] Lateral view of a Little Black Cormorant in breeding plumage (photo courtesy of B. Hensen) The Little Black Cormorant is mainly found in freshwater wetlands, but will sometimes be found on sheltered coastal waters, and can use relatively small, deep water bodies. It is around sixty centimetres long, and is all black with blue-green eyes. The little black cormorant (Phalacrocorax sulcirostris) is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds.It is common in smaller rivers and lakes throughout most areas of Australia and northern New Zealand, where it is known as the little black shag.It is around sixty centimetres long, and is all black … The Little Black Cormorant has a large breeding range that exceeds 2 million square kilometers. [7], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Little_black_cormorant&oldid=984832528, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 11:10. The plumage is a more fade brown afterwards. The long slender bill is grey,[2] and legs and feet black. Abundant along coasts and inland waterways. This species occurs in a variety of wetland habitats in Australia, southern and eastern Indonesia, New Guinea, New Zealand, and some islands in the South Pacific. The little cormorant (Microcarbo niger) is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds. 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