Celestine directed Cyril to depose Nestorius, and in 431, Cyril presided over the third General Council at Ephesus, attended by some two hundred bishops, which condemned all the tenets of Nestorius and his followers before the arrival of Archbishop John of Antioch and forty-two followers who believed Nestorius was innocent. On 21 March 2014, Patriarch Ignatius Zakka I Iwas died after a long illness. Nestorius spoke of the distinct "Jesus the man" and "the divine Logos" in ways that Cyril thought were too dichotomous, widening the ontological gap between man and God in a way that some of his contemporaries believed would annihilate the person of Christ. By this time, news of the controversy in the capital had reached Alexandria. When his uncle Patr. Cyril is well known for his dispute with Nestorius and his supporter Patriarch John of Antioch whom Cyril excluded from the Council of Ephesus for arriving late. Rather than repudiating the priest, Nestorius intervened on his behalf. Life. His Beatitude Constantine Cyril III Zaim of Antioch was Patriarch of the Church of Antioch from 1672 to 1720. In the early years of his active life in the Church he wrote several exegetical documents. [27] Some modern studies represent Hypatia's death as the result of a struggle between two Christian factions, the moderate Orestes, supported by Hypatia, and the more rigid Cyril. Upon his execution he became the first bishop-martyr of Africa. "Whitfield, Bryan J., "The Beauty of Reasoning: A Reexamination of Hypatia and Alexandria", The rejection of the term Theotokos by Nestorius Constantinople, Cyril of Alexandria, Commentary on John, LFC 43, 48 (1874/1885). Einleitung, kritischer Text, Übersetzung, Einzelanalyse, Traditio Exegetica Graeca 16, Leuven-Paris-Bristol, CT, 2015, Konrad F. Zawadzki, Syrische Fragmente des Kommentars Cyrills von Alexandrien zum 1. α. Apollinarius' explanation, β. Cyril's explanation », The historical inaccurancies of the film Agora about the murder of Hypatia, The use of the ancient Greek texts in Cyril's works, Poreia martyrias, The rejection of the term Theotokos by Nestorius Constantinople more and his refutation by Cyril of Alexandria, Multilanguage Opera Omnia (Greek Edition by Migne Patrologia Graeca), Early Church Fathers: Cyril of Alexandria, The Monophysism of St Cyril of Alexandria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyril_of_Alexandria&oldid=990259019, Popes of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Pillar of Faith; Seal of all the Fathers; Bishop, Confessor, and also (in the Catholic Church) Doctor of the Church. He is chiefly known for his campaign against Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, whose views on Christ’s nature were to Returned in Syria he was ordained priest by his uncle and he was distinguished for his sermons. St Cyril of Antioch Profile. The pallium, formal recognition of the patriarchal authority, was granted by Rome to Cyril only on February 3, 1744, about twenty years after the 1724 election.[12]. "[36] The conflict with Nestorius was mainly over this issue, and it has often been misunderstood. Eventually, Cyril attempted to reach out to Orestes through several peace overtures, including attempted mediation and, when that failed, showed him the Gospels, which he interpreted to indicate that the religious authority of Cyril would require Orestes' acquiescence in the bishop's policy.