In our multicultural society, different customs can lead to confusion and misunderstanding, which erode trust and patient adherence. Learn about the cultural traditions of the patients you care for. Cultural Diversity and Health CareCULTURAL COMPETENCE• The understanding of diverse attitudes, beliefs, behaviors, practices, and communication patterns attributable to a variety of factors (such as race, ethnicity, religion, SES, historical and social context, physical or mental ability, age, gender, sexual orientation, or generational and acculturation status).• Versicherung“. Cultural aspects common to Native Americans usually include being oriented in the present and valuing cooperation. Here are three examples from my career that show how deeply culture impacts medical care: Communication and ongoing education are essential to promoting cultural awareness and providing culturally sensitive care. allowing a family member to speak for and dictate all medical care and decisions for an aging parent), or disrespectful/suspicious to a Caucasian (e.g. When I practiced in New York, Orthodox and Hasidic Jewish traditions helped shape our policies and procedures. When I arrived at the unit, several nurses, nursing assistants, and the ward clerk were engaged in a loud argument with a group of Moroccan friends and family members. Cultural Awareness in Healthcare: A Checklist, The Next Generation of Cultural Competency Training [Video], Religion & Spirituality in Medical Care [Infographic]. I once had a patient from Morocco who had to be hospitalized for pneumonia. Anmelden, Interdisciplinary collaboration, patient education. Culture has a significant impact on both diagnoses and treatment options, primarily because of different social beliefs, but also because of biological factors. I knock on the door and they open it, greet me with short bows and smiles, and invite me in to the entry area. Cultural competence involves having sensitivity to the values and beliefs of each cultural group encountered in the course of one’s job. Follow the advice given by patients about appropriate ways to facilitate communication within families and between families and other health care providers. 1. Despite national health programs in the United States to eliminate the transmission of HBV infection, the Hmong continue to experience a higher rate of infection and a lower screening rate. Family and Community It finally dawns on me that I have my shoes on and everyone else is wearing indoor slippers. Native Americans also place great value on family and spiritual beliefs. One of my most memorable patients was Grace, an African-American Jehovah’s Witness. Eventually, it seems to me we should be making our way into the living room, but for some reason we aren’t. Related: 7 Important Elements Of An Inspiring Nursing Career We also observed plenty of dietary customs from various cultures: Kosher, Halal, and vegetarian menus, seaweed soup being served to Korean women after giving birth, and attention paid to the hot and cold properties assigned to various foods in traditional Chinese healthcare. Belief systems and moral values are intrinsic to human life, and for many people cultural and religious considerations exert strong, positive influences on their lives. A patient’s cultural background can have a profound impact on health care, and doctors need to be aware of this. Many variables such as culture, socioeconomic factors, generational practices, and current trends affect patients' and families' health beliefs and practices. Here's an example from my own experience: I’m in Japan for a conference and I arrive at the house of my hosts. avoiding direct eye contact), or curious to a nutritionist (e.g.