This military pass signed by U.S. Visiting & Directions Contact Us Site Map, Stamp: Clara Barton Founder of the Red Cross. Johnstown, Pennsylvania was a community of 30,000 built on a floodplain below a man-made lake. Miss Clarissa H. Barton, Instructor & Teacher, Clara Barton Learns About the International Red Cross. The office responded to 63,183 letters from families and located 22,000 men, Barton closed the Office of Missing Soldiers in 1869. Throughout many major battles of the war, she nursed, comforted and cooked for the wounded, earning the nickname the “Angel of the Battlefield.”. She is buried in the family cemetery in North Oxford, MA. When the dam finally broke on May 31,1889 after a night of heavy rains, a staggering wall of twenty million tons of water rushed toward the town and consumed everything in its path. She founded the American Red Cross in 1881, at age 59, and led it for the next 23 years. Having once served as a hotel for homeless victims of the epic flood, the large warehouse at Glen Echo, Maryland served as the first permanent headquarters of the national Red Cross organization as well as a residence for Clara. By the force of her personal example, she opened paths to the new field of volunteer service. Barton risked her life to bring supplies and support to soldiers in the field during the Civil War. The International Red Cross When Clara Barton visited Europe in search of rest in 1869, she was introduced to a wider field of service through the Red Cross in Geneva, Switzerland. Clara Barton spent a decade organizing the American National Red Cross, which was officially incorporated in 1882. Newspaper Clipping of Clara Barton, Circa Spanish American War. Once the hotels were no longer needed, Clara had the buildings disassembled and the materials shipped to her home in Washington, DC for storage. The caption reads: “Miss Clara Barton - With Whose Name the Work of the Red Cross of America Will Always Be Associated. What kinds of services do they provide? Sea Island, South Carolina Hurricane Relief, 1894. Their building design proved so successful that a half-dozen “Red Cross hotels” to shelter the homeless were built from the same plan. At what age did Clara first learn about the International Red Cross? She lived out the rest of her life at her Glenn Echo, MD home and died there on April 12, 1912, at the age of 90. Today the National Park Service administers the five-story structure on Oxford Drive in Glen Echo, Maryland as the Clara Barton National Historic Site, open to visitors every day of the year except December 25 -- her birthday. Subsequently, Barton read A Memory of Solferino, a book written by Henry Dunant, founder of the global Red Cross network. She was photographed with B.F. Tillinghast, who accompanied her to Russia, and Admiral N. Kaznakoff. She was the fifth child of Stephen and Sarah Barton. There, she became aware of the Geneva, Switzerland-based Red Cross, which called for international agreements to protect the sick and wounded during wartime and for the formation of national societies to give aid voluntarily on a neutral basis. During her childhood, she was very shy, and her older brothers and sisters were always bossing her around. Her legacy to the nation—service to humanity—is reflected in the services provided daily by the employees and volunteers of the American Red Cross. Now that you’ve learned about our history, please consider joining our efforts. Clara Barton Homestead in North Oxford, Massachusetts. When her service to the Union soldiers was complete, Barton traveled to Europe. Clara Barton was working in the U.S. Patent Office in Washington, DC when the Civil War began. Portrait of Clara Barton, 1860s or 1870s. When the U.S. Civil War ended, Barton led a nationwide effort to locate missing soldiers for concerned relatives and friends. The American Red Cross immediately leaped into action, issuing a national emergency call for aid. Support all the urgent humanitarian needs of the American Red Cross. Clara spent the last 15 years of her life in her Glen Echo home. The dam that created the lake was poorly maintained and every spring it was feared the dam would give way. With no place to house the citizens or tons of supplies, Clara and her assistant, Dr. Julian Hubbell, designed a structure that could be built rapidly without stopping to saw the donated lumber. Clara and her four older siblings were raised on a small farm by their parents Sarah Stone and Stephen Barton. This portrait of Clara Barton was created the year she founded the American Red Cross. Surgeon General William Hammond July 11, 1862 allowed Barton inside military lines to provide care to the soldiers. After the War. With fields inundated by saltwater and crops and homes destroyed, the Red Cross provided food, shelter, medical care, seeds and supplies to the storm victims. Open to the public as a memorial to the "Angel of the Battlefield”, Clara Barton’s home is restored as nearly as possible to the condition when she was born in the west parlor bedroom. Clara Barton spent a decade organizing the American National Red Cross, which was officially incorporated in 1882. When construction began in 1891 on a Red Cross supplies warehouse near our nation’s capital, she thought of using the surplus lumber from relief work at Johnstown, Pennsylvania. Clarissa Harlowe Barton, known as Clara, is one of the most honored women in American history. Donations of food, clothing, and building materials poured in from around the nation, including a large stock of lumber from Iowa. Take a class and be ready to respond if an emergency strikes. After eight long years, Clara accomplished her greatest feat, founding the American National Red Cross in 1881. Clarissa Harlowe Barton was born on December 25, 1821 … She closed the Mi… The following was transcribed from The Red Cross of the Geneva Convention. Like many women, she helped collect bandages and other much-needed supplies, but she soon realized that she could best support the troops by going in person to the battlefields. Upon her return home, Barton was determined that the United States should participate in the global Red Cross network. Under her leadership the Red Cross provided assistance during the Johnstown, Pennsylvania, flood of 1889 and the… Clara Barton was a celebrity in her own time. She returned home in 1873 and worked ardently to convince her fellow Americans of the organization’s merits. What It Is written and published by Clara Barton in 1878: To the People of the United States, Senators and Representatives in Congress: Having had the honor conferred upon me of appointment by the Central Commission holding the Geneva Convention to present that treaty to this Government, and to take in … Clara and a staff of fifty doctors and nurses arrived in Johnstown days after the disaster and stayed on-site for six months, setting up hospital tents and helping survivors to get back on their feet. This picture of the clipping is assumed to be taken in the time of the Spanish American War. Working with influential friends and contacts such as Frederick Douglass, she founded the American Red Cross in 1881. Today, the Red Cross is preparing to meet the next crisis head on.