It is expensive and supplies are limited. Air drying requires care to avoid cracking, twisting or warping. Last modified on 23 September 2015, at 20:24. Sentil, R.A. & Ramkumar, R., 2003. African timbers: the properties, uses and characteristics of 700 species. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary pyramid-shaped panicle up to 15 cm long, short-hairy. [Internet]. Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, small; pedicel c. 5 mm long; calyx with deltoid lobes, c. 3 mm long; petals free, elliptical, up to 3.5 mm long, slightly clawed, fringed, white, spreading, short-hairy on both sides; stamens 10, free, c. 2 mm long; disk 10-lobed, thick, densely short-hairy; ovary superior, ovoid, slightly 3-lobed, sparsely to densely short-hairy, 3-celled, immersed in disk, style short, slender, stigma head-shaped, small. Chloroxylon swietenia DC. Indian Journal of Chemistry Section B Organic Chemistry Including Medicinal Chemistry 15(2): 200. The wood is heavy, with a density of 900–980 kg/m³ at 12% moisture content. In Sri Lanka the root bark in milk is drunk to treat impotence. 2nd Edition. The wood is often striped or mottled, and remarkably lustrous. A paste of the leaves and roots is taken internally to treat headache and is applied to the forehead as a balm for the same purpose. A bark extract is considered astringent and taken to treat fever, chest pain and in a mixture with other plants to treat asthma. 2nd Edition. PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa / Ressources végétales de l’Afrique tropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands. The wood is strong and hard. Dark gum veins are a common defect, as they are liable to develop into splits. Parasitology Research 101(2): 413–418. The wood is difficult to work with hand tools and moderately hard to saw and machine, with a moderate to severe blunting effect on cutting tools. Amerind Publishing Co., New Delhi, India. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. Deciduous small to medium-sized tree up to 18(–25) m tall; bole straight, cylindrical, branchless for up to 4.5 m, up to 45(–90) cm in diameter; bark surface yellowish or pale greyish brown, rough and corky; crown spreading; branchlets greyish hairy. Nigeria and Madagascar. The heartwood is rated as highly resistant to attack by all types of fungi, but in India it is reported to possess little resistance to attack by termites. Chloroxylon swietenia. Chloroxylon swietenia has become scarce in several regions in India and Sri Lanka because of timber exploitation, and it is listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red list of threatened species. Accessed 29 November 2020. In India most plant parts are medicinally used. At 12% moisture content, the modulus of rupture is about 174 N/mm², modulus of elasticity 14,900 N/mm², compression parallel to grain 60 N/mm², cleavage 20 N/mm and Chalais-Meudon side hardness 9.2. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 24(9): 1909–1914. DC. Stone, B.C., 1985. Schmelzer, PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. African timbers: the properties, uses and characteristics of 700 species. It coppices well. In India Chloroxylon swietenia is an alternative food-plant for the caterpillars of Papilio demoleus, a pest of Citrus. Chloroxylon swietenia. Parasitology Research 101(2): 413–418. The wood is strong and hard. 969 pp. Kiln drying may produce good results with little degrade, but is rather slow. : an effective insect repellent. Essential oil from the leaves and stems and several isolated compounds displayed significant mosquitocidal activity by fumigation against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus, as well as activity against tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura. Bhide, K.S., Mujumdar, R.B. & Rao, A.V.R., 1977. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. Evaluation of mosquitocidal activity of essential oil and sesquiterpenes from leaves of Chloroxylon swietenia DC. The decorative wood of Chloroxylon swietenia is of excellent quality and will continue to be in demand for luxury goods, pattern making, interior trim, interior joinery, carvings, toys and musical instruments. The wood is also used as fuelwood. Parrotta, J.A., 2001. Chloroxylon swietenia (Roxb.) Boring operations are reported to be rather difficult, and the wood requires to be held firmly in boring operations to prevent chattering. East Indian satinwood, Ceylon satinwood (En). It is made into decorative veneer, which is, however, unsuitable for plywood manufacture because of its weight. It occurs in regions with an annual rainfall of 750–1500 mm. [Internet]. It coppices well. From the stem bark coumarins (swietenone, swietenocoumarins A–F, 8-prenylnodakenetin and demethylluvangetin) and quinolinone alkaloids (swietenidins A and B) were isolated. Methanol extracts of dried leaves exhibited good analgesic activity in mice. Division of Building Research, CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary pyramid-shaped panicle up to 15 cm long, short-hairy. Both the leaf and the stem oils exhibited moderate to strong activities against a panel of bacteria and fungi.