The LC50 values of geijerene, limonene, germacrene D, pregeijerene and α-Pinene were LC50 18.31, 20.03, 24.83, 25.23 Distributed in India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia. The results obtained in the present study will certainly be helpful in future clinical trials to validate its use as a phytotherapeutic product. Furthermore, pure oil, geijerene and pregeijerene displayed oviposition deterrence, even at low concentrations. 1: t. 56bis (1840) Toxicity on normal Vero cell line showed the IC50 value of 115.47 μg/mL. soils and also occurs in tropical dry evergreen forests. If the efficacy of each plant is scientifically established then these plant drugs can be recommended to rural people who are within the reach of these potential drugs. alternative food-plant for the caterpillars, The plant has many medicinal properties and hence has been. The toxicity of the essential oil was evaluated in normal Vero cell line by MTT assay. The morphology and development of this species are reasonably well studied, although further information is required on its natural mortality rates and environmental tolerance in order to accurately predict its future potential spread throughout the Middle East and Central Americas. A survey of Kollimalai hill tracts of Tamil Nadu, India was conducted to record the plants known in the tribal pockets and mentioned in the present paper. Seeds ellipsoid, laterally chlooxylon, c. Chloroxylon swietenia – Ceylon Satinwood. Chloroxylon comprises 3 species; 2 are endemic to Madagascar. an astringent while the leaves are applied to wounds and also prescribed in rheumatism. The findings of this study will facilitate pharmacognostic standardization of the plant material and aid in the preparation of a herbal monograph for the species. swietenia) against lepidopteran pest Spodoptera litura (S. litura). Other botanical information. Essential oil from the leaves of Chloroxylon swietenia DC. The essential oil was analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and GC–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Prodr. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. The terpenes found in the extracts were limonene, pinene, ocimene, beta-caryophyllene, germacrene D, pregeijerene and geijerene. were also tested. The nature has provided a complete store house of remedies to use for all ailments for mankind. It is made into decorative veneer, which is, however, unsuitable for plywood manufacture because of its weight. The antidiabetic activity of EECS showed significant (P < 0.001) reduction in blood glucose level at 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg dose levels at 14th day. Chloroxylon swietenia DC. Student, School of Pharmacy, Anurag Group of, Received 20 Nov 2018; Review Completed 02 Jan 2019; Accepted 04 Jan 2019, http://dx.doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v9i1.2188, and the importance of conserving this tree before it, Palani S, Raja S, Kumar SB. The findings of this study will facilitate pharmacognostic standardization of the plant material and aid in the preparation of an herbal monograph for the species. It is used in decorative veneer, furniture and cabinetwork, turnery, interior joinery. In India it is distributed in Kerala, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. Leaves are compound, up to 24 cm long, with 10-20 alternately arranged leaflets including a terminal pair, each leaflet is oval in shape with a tapered base and blunt tip, about 1.5-3 cm long and 0.6-1.5 cm broad, and asymmetrical at the base. (Family: Rutaceae) is an important traditional medicinal plant used in the treatment of various ailments like fungal infection of skin, rheumatism, common cold, cough, ophthalmic infection and cataract, wounds and as an astringent. As per the World Health Organization (WHO), "natural medications incorporate herbs, home grown materials, home grown arrangements and completed home grown items, that contain as dynamic fixings parts of plants, or other plant materials, or blends. Phytomedicines or natural prescriptions, for a large number of years. The major identified components were limonene, geijerene, pregeijerene, germacrene D and trans-beta-ocimene. for 14 days to the normal control, diabetic control, standard group and test groups respectively. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Widespread and abundant, habitat loss or destruction. In India it is distribu. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Laboratory bioassays of the essential oil and four constituents of essential oil isolates were evaluated for insecticidal, antifeedant and oviposition deterrent effects on tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura (F.). A deciduous tree with longitudinally cracked, greyish-brown bark. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. The result of test drug was compared with diabetic control. The methanolic extract has more alkaloid content i.e 30.28±0.38. Biochemical and Histopathological observations confirmed the beneficial roles of ethanol extract of Chloroxylon swietenia against acetaminophen induced liver injury in rats. anti-fungal properties. in the genus Chloroxylon (family Rutaceae). This article may support the researcher who works on conservation and production of biomolecules from medicinal plant. Materials and Methods: The extract at doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg was given to the overnight-fasted Wistar albino rats for 14 days and the antidiabetic, lipid profile and ocular oxidative stress in Streptozotocin-Nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats were evaluated. The methanolic extract has more phenolic content i.e 26.38±0.18. Phytomedicines or natural prescriptions, have assumed a basic part in World wellbeing for a large number of years. It is, in addition, used as fuel woo. Until now many other activities lack scientific support. The phyto-constituents like coumarins, coumarin diols, phenolics, furanocoumarins, alkaloids, terpenes, ketones have been isolated, characterized and reported. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. © 2017 Oriental Scientific Publishing Company. Seeds ellipsoid, laterally flattened, c. 1 cm long, with oblong wing on one side, up to 1.5 cm long. 1 cm long, with oblong wing on one side, up to 1.5 cm long. A list of hither to unknown and little known crude drugs used for different insect bites along with mode of administration is provided. Chloroxylon swietenia Trees of Narsapur, Medak. Chloroxylon swietenia is a moderate sized deciduous tree, belonging to the family rutaceae. ISSN: 2250-1177 [, Available online on 15.01.2019 at http://jddtonline.info, Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, © 2011-18, publisher and licensee JDDT, This. As the plant has multi-functional properties, this review is worthwhile and therefore it represents comprehensively analyzed information on the phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of the botanical. Keywords: Chloroxylon swietenia, phytomedicines, pharmacological aspects, anti-feedant, anti-bacterial activity, IUCN, vulnerable species. C. swietenia essential oil and major Indian earthworm (Pheretima posthuma) using Piperazine citrate as a standard compound, which involved the evaluation of paralysis and death period of the parasite. Thus, there is an urgent need for a sustainable conservation of this important medicinal plant before it totally disappears from the earth. Antananarivo, Madagascar, 2008; Research Journal of Medicinal Plant 2007; 1, Human Diseases by the Lambada Tribe Inhabiting Nalgond, International Journal of Pharmtech Research 2010, Composition and larvicidal activity of leaves and stem essential, Documentation of Traditional Medicinal Plants, Itching, Psoriasis And Wounds By Ethnic Gr, International J. Pharm Tech Res 2010; 2:162-, Chloroxylon swietenia DC. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. The antifungal assay showed that Candida albicans was the most sensitive fungal strain tested, with the strongest mean inhibition zone (22.0±1.32 mm) followed by C. parapsilosis (21.5±1.32 mm). Kumar K, Ganesh M, Baskar S, Srinivasan K, Kanagasabai R, Dinesh Prabhu A, Jyothi KN, Prasuna AL, Gandhi G, Reddya Naik. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. During the survey of north Chhattisgarh sundry number of foliicolous fungi were encountered. PDF | Chloroxylon swietenia belonging to family Rutaceae is a medicinal and aromatic tree of dry deciduous forests. CSEE of 200mg/kg showed a significant decrease in glucose, ALT, TB, ALP and creatinine levels in diabetic rats. Evaluation of Antidiabetic Activity of Aqueous and Ethanolic Extracts of Leaves of Chloroxylon Swiet... Phytochemical and biological potential of Chloroxylon swietenia DC.