National Park Service site. Forrest's cavalry met Sturgis' infantry and cavalry column on June 10th at Brice's Crossroads, 20 miles north of Tupelo, beating back the first Union cavalry division to arrive there. The Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site, in Lee County, Mississippi, preserves the battlefield at Brices Cross Roads which extended northward into southwestern Prentiss County. Minneapolis, MN: August Davis, Publisher, 1909. [8], The Civil War Trust (a division of the American Battlefield Trust) and its partners, including BCNBC, have been acquiring and preserving land at Brices Cross Roads since 1996, when the Trust's predecessor organization, the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites (APCWS), acquired and preserved 797.7 acres - about two-thirds of the battlefield - in two purchases. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Forrest, although outnumbered two to one, used his more mobile cavalry to threaten both ends of the Union infantry line simultaneously and his artillery to focus on the center. 3. The site features a memorial erected soon after the battlefield was designated as a historic site in 1929. Finally, Wilkin stated that the rumors that Sturgis had been intoxicated at the battle were false. Brice's Cross Roads. The Battle of Brices Cross Roads. Although the attack failed, it caused severe confusion among the U.S. troops, and Sturgis ordered a general retreat. Forrest's brilliant tactical victory against long odds cemented Forrest’s reputation as one of the foremost mounted infantry leaders of the war. Brice's Crossroads is considered one of the most beautifully preserved battlefields of the Civil War. The 55th United States Colored Troops (USCTs) and 59th USCT covered Sturgis's retreat, preventing a route and allowing the Federal force to remain relatively intact. Johnston called in reinforcements, including Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk and two divisions of his Army of Mississippi, which in turn left Major-General Stephen D. Lee in command of all remaining Confederate forces within Polk's Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. [3], The roads to Tupelo were wet and sloppy due to six sequential days of rain, which slowed the advance of the supply wagons and ammunition train. Battle of Brice's Cross Roads Marker. The modern Bethany Presbyterian Church is at the southeast side of the cross roads. Help save 42 acres of hallowed ground at two key Civil War Western Theater battlefields – Brices Cross Roads and Missionary Ridge. Topics and series. In their weakened condition, many had fallen out in the advance. The large field to the Union front, about 2,000 feet northeast of the crossroads, was surrounded by blackjack and scrub oak, beyond which the ground was heavily timbered. Dyer did not specify division or brigade commanders. This is the spot where the Brice family house once stood. 4. The line held until 1:30 p.m. when the first regiments of U.S. infantry arrived. The Battle of Brice’s Cross Roads had begun. in American history took place on June 10, 1864, at a rural crossroads in northern. Forrest. Several men were detailed to try to make the roads passable. This is the spot where the Brice family house once stood. At the time of the battle this congregation's meeting house was located further south along the Baldwyn Road. In late May 1864, Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest set out from Mississippi with his cavalry corps to enter Tennessee and destroy the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, which was carrying men and supplies from Nashville to support Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's campaign against Atlanta.