Feed at weekly intervals during the spring and summer with a general-purpose liquid feed, or mix a controlled-release fertiliser into compost when potting. Remove some of the lower leaves and pot in a container just large enough to take them. With the arrival of the winter season many of us are spending more time indoors, so why not brighten up your home and purify the air with a range of wonderful and architecturally interesting indoor plants. Grow in a loam-based compost, such as John Innes No. Grow banana plants in full sun to partial shade in fertile, moist but well-drained soil, in a sheltered spot. Cold, sun scorch and hail also damage foliage. Little pruning and training is needed. Pot on in spring once a year, or every other year. Musa × paradisiaca ‘Orinoco’: Hardy down as low as -1ºC (30ºF), producing edible fruit when grown in a conservatory. Grow Musa in full sun to partial shade in fertile, moist but well-drained soil, in a sheltered spot. For cool conservatories or overwintered in frost-free greenhouses: Musa acuminata ‘Dwarf Cavendish’ AGM: Large leaves, sometimes marked red. They may also successfully flower outdoors in favoured locations. Erect a wire frame around the plant. £17.50 each. How to grow bananas in the UK. produce large, elegant leaves and the occasional bunch of fruits, which certainly make a majestic addition to any garden or conservatory. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. Musa balbisiana: Attractive bluish-green leaves. In Britain it may not produce much fruit, but the banana tree's glorious foliage more than makes up for it, says Monty Don Monty Don reveals the benefits of growing … Common pests include mealybug and red spider mite. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. However, Musa looks fantastic in a bold border, with other strong foliage plants, such as the canna lily, or contrasting with finer leaved plants like bamboos. Bananas (Musa and Ensete spp.) Increase pot size by 5-7.5cm (2-3in) initially. 222879/SC038262, File one side of the seeds lightly and soak in warm water for 24 hours, Sow individually, 1cm (3/8in) deep, in pots of seed compost, Place in a warm location, at a temperature of 21-24ºC (70-75ºF). However, it won’t survive any frost, so you need to take action in autumn to ensure it survives the winter. In spring, dig down to the rhizome and detach the sucker carefully, with as many roots as possible. Die-back of the crown is usually due to cold damage, but may also be due to rot encouraged by excessive moisture. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries Outdoors, wind damage can tear the leaves and cold, wet weather can cause rot. Musa velutina AGM: Needs a minimum temperature of 16ºC (60ºF), may produce orange-yellow flowers and bright pink fruits. The size of dwarf … Quite hardy and wind-resistant. He also explains how to look after banana plants over winter, and suggest a more hardy option (Musa basjoo) that you could use instead: Cover the base of your Musa plant with a thick mulch in autumn to protect the roots from cold and wet over winter. Musa lasiocarpa: Glaucous-green foliage, produces flowers but rarely the small, inedible fruits. In autumn, reduce watering and feeding, watering only when on the dry side in winter. More on growing bananas: Seed is the best method for Ensete species as they do not produce suckers for dividing. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Banana plants need plenty of wrapping in winter to keep them warm. This is an adaptation to tropical storms and does no harm, but foliage is more attractive in sheltered positions. You can propagate by sowing seed or dividing plants. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. This lovely variety is cold resistant until about 10 degrees C, when it must be brought indoors. Height 2m (6½ft). *Valid on standard one-day tickets only, transaction fee applies. Plant in late spring, in a well-drained soil, enriched with organic matter (such as garden compost). Just cut away old leaves near their base and, when wrapping up plants outdoors for winter, some stems will need to be cut back. In this clp from gardeners’ World, Monty Don shows you how to gradually harden off a beautiful but tender banana plant: Look for small, suckering shoots at the base of your banana plant. The extremely decorative foliage will add a totally new perspective Height 2-3m (6½-10ft). The red Abyssinian banana (Ensete ventricosum ‘Maurelii’) is a magnificent plant with huge red-tinged leaves, ideal as the centrepiece in a tropical-themed border.