The American cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. American Highbush Cranberry, also known as Viburnum trilobum, is a common shrub of moist soils in about 3/4s of Minnesota. The two apparently do hybridize, which makes it even more challenging. opulus), an introduction from Europe that's been widely planted as an ornamental and escapes cultivation. They need full sun or partial shade. Any help you can give me would be great. Highbush cranberries don’t compete well with grass and weeds, so you should keep the bed weed-free until the plant is a couple of years old. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Ingestible, perhaps, as medicine -- but not edible. A very attractive garden detail shrub which is covered in clusters of pure white pinwheel flowers in spring, red edible fruit and good red fall color, golden stems; tight globe shape, hardy and adaptable, good substitute for globe cedar, shade tolerant The fruit ripens in fall—just in time for the fall and winter holidays. Upper surface is dark green and usually sparsely hairy though may become smooth; the lower surface is paler with fine hairs especially along the veins. Let sit 30 minutes. The High Bush Cranberry is actually a Viburnum (Viburnum trilobum) and a cousin of the elderberry. Thanks for your understanding. Per the notes regarding Latin names, V. trilobum is a synonym for the native V. opulus var americanum; V. opulus var opulus is the European species. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. It features an abundance of magnificent scarlet berries from late summer to late winter. I don't know how edible it is. Read on for American cranberry bush information. However, it is best to use them before a hard frost occurs, which can degrade their flavor. Instructions Bring water to boil then turn stove off. Do I need to pollinate them somehow? They were a traditional food of native American peoples, and they’re still made into jams, syrups, and pies. It can be enjoyed processed as syrup, added to smoothies… It is nearly identical to Guelder-rose (Viburnum opulus var. Highbush cranberry plants are showy in spring when the flowers bloom against a backdrop of lush, dark green foliage. Fruit is a shiny, berry-like drupe, ¼ to ½ inch across, turning translucent red at maturity, and containing a single seed. Edges are coarsely and irregularly toothed to toothless or nearly so. The fruit of this species is so bitter that I think it is stretching the truth to call it edible. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Place the berries into the water and slightly mash. As one might suspect by the name, the High Bush Cranberry has tart fruit. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Clearwater, Cook, Itasca, Lake, Otter Tail, and Washington counties. At the base of the leaf stalk is a pair of thread-like appendages (stipules) up to ¼ inch long. It is also known as Viburnum trilobum, and commonly as American cranberry bush. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The clusters of white flowers appear in spring and are followed by edible red drupes that resemble cranberries and mature in Aug-Sept. americanum) has tart, acid fruit that is best served in jellies, jams, sauces and relishes. The fruit ripens in fall—just in time for the fall and winter holidays. This grows near the fishing dock in the new park in Goodview right off Hwy 61! Viburnum trilobum – A highbush cranberry species native to the northeastern United States. I have read a report printed in I believe the 70s about Viburnum o. Americanum that suggest that this plant was brought to the Americas via Europe and had been "distributed" or naturalize across the country. Leaves are simple and opposite, the blade up to 4½ inches long and nearly as wide, slightly rounded to straight across at the base, with 3 lobes each tapering to a pointed tip and can resemble a maple leaf. Pick an image for a larger view. Water weekly in the absence of rain during the first year. This grows near the fishing dock in the new park in Goodview right off Hwy 61! Both are in the greater Honeysuckle Family and have a characteristic musky odor. The fruit of the American Cranberry is quite edible and often used in jams and preserves. maybe I will make my own cranberry jelly for thanksgiving this year! Your email address: (required) Flowers are 5-petaled and have 2 forms: around the edge of the cluster is a ring of 5 to 12, showy, bright white flowers up to 1 inch across; in the center of the cluster are dozens of creamy white, 1/8 to ¼-inch flowers. Main stems are up to about 2 inches diameter, typically multiple from base, sometimes arching and rooting where the tip touches the ground, sometimes root suckering. It's likely that's what you found, though it's not impossible it was the native. Antoni, as noted above, there are two distinct varieties (or species, depending on the reference), one native to North America, one introduced from Europe. More hours of direct sunlight means more berries. On the other hand, the American (good) highbush cranberry bears fruit that are very tart but perfectly delicious when prepared in a reasonable manner.