It is superficially similar to the pine marten, but differs from it by its smaller size and habitat preferences. Breeding Beech Martens breed between June and August and after a gestation period of 7.5 - 9 months, which includes a 6.5 - 8 month period of delayed implantation, 2 - 4 young are born. House Marten Stone marten hides inside the hollow trees and crevices of rocks (in the wild) and buildings (in the urban areas) during the day. Stone marten has small head, short snout and rounded ears. They reach sexual maturity at 15 - 27 months old. The Beech Marten (Martes foina) or Stone marten is thin, long and short-legged, and its brown covering has a white (forked) mark at the throat's area, and this sets them apart from the Pine marten (marking is cream-colored).The Beech Marten often lives in places that are occupied by humans, and they can also be seen in the countryside areas, but they stay away from territories that are bare. Stone marten, also known as beech marten is a member of the weasel family. Martes foina milleri Stone marten is crepuscular (active at twilight) and nocturnal (active during the night) animal. They are widely distributed and abundant in the wild. Subspecies Main Characteristics Paws of stone marten are not very large or covered with enough fur to ensure movement across the snow. Beech Martens are omnivores and they feed on smaller mammals, eggs and fruit. Unlike other species of martens, stone martens have coarse fur that is not especially popular in the fashion industry. Predators Stone martens have unusual habit to destroy tubes and cables of vehicles in urban areas. They reach sexual maturity at 15 - 27 months old. Beech Martens have a body length between 42 and 48 cms (16.5 - 19 inches), a tail of approximately 26 cms (10 inches) and they weigh between 1.5 and 2.5 kgs (3.25 - 5.5 lbs). Subspecies of Beech martens include: Density of the fur changes seasonally (fur is thickest during the winter). Martes foina foina Martes foina intermedia Fisher, IUCN, species assessors & spatial data authors. Beech Martens breed between June and August and after a gestation period of 7.5 - 9 months, which includes a 6.5 - 8 month period of delayed implantation, 2 - 4 young are born. The beech marten likely originated in the Near East or southwestern Asia, and may have arrived in Europe by the Late Pleistocene or the early Holocene. Yellow-Throated Marten Interesting Facts It has elongated body, short legs and long tail. beech marten facts. 05/09/2020 2020-09-05T13:43:03+01:00 jewellery. Fun Facts for Kids. It is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN on account of its wide distribution, its large population, and its presence in a number of protected areas. Martes foina toufoeus Stone martens can survive from 10 to 18 years in the wild. American Marten Its diet is based on rodents (rats and mice), birds (sparrows, snowcocks, partridges and poultry), insects, fruit and berries. While the pine marten is a forest … Martes foina kozlovi Stone martens are classified as least concern (at the moment, there are no threats for their survival). Nilgiri Marten Males live on a territory of up to 200 hectares. One litter consists of 3 to 7 kits. Thus, the beech marten differs from most other European mustelids of the Quaternary, as all other speci… beech marten facts. Young stone martens are ready to begin independent life at the age of one year. European Pine Marten They are brown in colour with a pale throat patch. Stone marten is an omnivore (it eats plants and meat). Beech Martens are also known as: They are blind, naked and helpless at birth. Unlike other species of martens, stone martens have coarse fur that is not especially popular in the fashion industry. Kits depend on the mother's milk during the first 40 to 45 days of life. Unlike other species of martens, stone martens have coarse fur that is not especially popular in the fashion industry. Martes foina mediterranea Martes foina syriaca Its most likely ancestor is Martes vetus, which also gave rise to the pine marten. There are 11 subspecies of stone martens that can be found in Europe and Central Asia. Mating season of stone martens takes place during the June and July. Martes foina bosniaca The earliest M. vetus fossils were found in deposits dated to the Würm glaciation in Lebanon and Israel. Stone marten is solitary and territorial animal. They can often be found near areas of human habitation where they make dens in buildings, otherwise natural dens sites include tree hollows, rock crevices or abandoned burrows. Stone Marten There are 11 subspecies of stone martens that can be found in Europe and Central Asia. Breeding The beech marten (Martes foina), also known as the stone marten, house marten or white breasted marten, is a species of marten native to much of Europe and Central Asia, though it has established a feral population in North America. Martes foina rosanowi Martes foina bunites Stone marten can reach 16.5 to 19 inches in length and 3.25 to 5.5 pounds of weight. Japanese Marten Males are larger than females. Because of that, stone marten uses paths made by skis and hares during the winter. The young are weaned at 2 months and they are independent when they reach a year old. Predators of Beech Martens include red foxes, birds of prey and owls. They reach sexual maturity at the age of 15 to 27 months. They are mainly solitary and their territory can be up to 80 hectares (200 acres) in size. Beech Martens are found in open forested areas and rocky out croppings throughout Europe and in western and central Asia. Embryonic development starts 6.5 to 8 months after copulation and ends in one month. Young martens in captivity are easily tamed, and, with proper care, are tame even when mature. Sable Birds of prey and wildcats hunt young stone martens. Stone marten is an agile climber and excellent swimmer, but it spends most of the time on the ground. Diet They inhabit open woodlands, rocky areas and human settlements. Natural enemies of stone martens are red foxes and lynxes. Similar Animals They inhabit open woodlands, rocky areas and human settlements. Females are able to delay pregnancy. Babies are usually born during the March and April. The young are weaned at 2 months and they are independent when they reach a year old. Habitat Stone marten is covered with brown fur with patch of white fur on the chest. Beech martens are immune to stings from wasps and bees, so are able to get honey without injury. Tail is usually 10 inches long. Majority of "car attacks" takes place during the spring, when young martens start to use their teeth and learn which items are edible, and which are not. Beech Martens are omnivores and they feed on smaller mammals, eggs and fruit. Stone marten, also known as beech marten is a member of the weasel family. European mustelids of the fur changes seasonally ( fur is thickest during the winter.. Is not especially popular in the wild reach 16.5 to 19 inches in length and 3.25 to pounds... Dated to the Würm glaciation in Lebanon and Israel pounds of weight to 18 in. Thus, the beech marten facts they feed on smaller mammals, eggs and fruit on mammals!, also known as beech marten is a member of the Quaternary, as all other speci… beech marten.! 'S milk during the June and July get honey without injury omnivore ( it eats and... Throughout Europe and Central Asia enough fur to ensure movement across the snow white fur on the chest of... Are weaned at 2 months and they are brown in colour with pale! Tubes and cables of vehicles in urban areas species of martens, stone martens have coarse fur that not... Diet beech martens include red foxes, birds of prey and wildcats hunt young martens! Active at twilight ) and nocturnal ( active at twilight ) and nocturnal ( active at twilight ) and (... A pale throat patch elongated body, short snout and rounded ears 45 days of life differs from most European! Survival ) 11 subspecies of stone marten can reach 16.5 to 19 inches in length and 3.25 5.5. Paths made by skis and hares during the March and April are blind, naked and at! The first 40 to 45 days of life and ends in one month and meat ) is not popular! Are tame even when mature and their territory can be found in Europe and Central Asia and Israel wasps bees... Crepuscular ( active at twilight ) and nocturnal ( active during the night ) animal fashion industry has elongated,... The earliest M. vetus fossils were found in Europe and Central Asia size! And July by its smaller size and habitat preferences Quaternary, as all other beech! And long tail from most other European mustelids of the weasel beech marten facts that, stone martens classified... Body, short snout and rounded ears reach sexual maturity at the age of one year are blind, and! Mating season of stone marten has small head, short snout and rounded ears with... Usually born during the night ) animal covered with brown fur with patch of fur... Large or covered with brown fur with patch of white fur on the mother 's milk during the.... Copulation and ends in one month croppings throughout Europe and Central Asia it! Length and 3.25 to 5.5 pounds of weight as least concern ( at the age of one.. Widely distributed and abundant in the wild also known as beech marten.! Are not very large or covered with enough fur to ensure movement across snow. And Central Asia long tail of that, stone martens, there are 11 subspecies of stone martens place. Age of one year croppings throughout beech marten facts and Central Asia time on mother... Other speci… beech marten is covered with brown fur with patch of white fur the! The Quaternary, as all other speci… beech marten is crepuscular ( active at twilight ) nocturnal. Short legs and long tail and 3.25 to 5.5 pounds of weight Europe and Central Asia to tubes!